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The Commonwealth of Massachusetts, by its incorporation of the town of Lebanon in 1733, established the precedent, which it has generally followed since, of requiring towns, when incorporated, to set apart three lots, one for the ministry, one for schools, and one for the first settled minister. 1

The Pejepscot proprietors did not, however, wait for any legal enactment of this kind, but very early set apart the required amount of land both in Brunswick and in Topsham, and also assisted in the erection of a meeting-house in each town.

In 1715 they voted that the meeting-house should be located midway between the fort and Maquoit, and that the lots for the ministry, the first minister, and the school be the centre lots.

In 1717 the General Court voted to pay seven hundred and fifty dollars annually for missions to the Indians, with board and lodging for the missionaries. The latter were accordingly sent to Brunswick as well as to other places.2 It was probably in consequence of the above-mentioned vote that on October 3, 1717, several of the "praying" Indians sent a petition to the General Court, "That ye Great Governor and Councill would order a small Praying-house to be built near the ffort the English and VS to meet in on Sabbath days.


             Oct ye 3 1717.
JOHN GYLES, Interpreter."

The missionary to Maine was Reverend Joseph Baxter, of Medfield, Massachusetts, and "he was particularly urged to use his best endeavors to bring over the Indians to the Christian Faith."4

1. Williamson, History of Maine, 2, p. 180.
2. Varney's History of Maine, p. 123.
3. Mass. Archives 31, p. 94.
4. McKeen, MS. Lecture.

The following extracts from Mr. Baxter's diary are of interest:-

"On Saturday, August 24th, [1717] I went up to Brunswick,1 and the next day preached in ye fort, and 3 of ye Indians came to meeting in ye afternoon, when sermon was ended I repeated the heads of it, and Capt: Giles interpreted ye to ye Indians, & they seemed to be well pleased therewithal.

"On Monday I had some discourse with ye Indians to shew them ye necessity of sanctifying ye sabbath which was occasioned by their shooting a gun on ye Sabbath day.

"On Saturday, Aug. 31st , I discoursed with several Indians at Brunswick about Religion, and they seemed to be very well pleased with my discourse.

"September ye 1st I preached at Brunswick, and several Indians came to hear me. Capt Giles interpreted to them ye heads of ye sermons, and they seemed well pleased therewith.

"Octob ; 6th I preached at Brunswick and staid there ye ensuing week & preached there on Octob. 13th."

"While I was at Brunswick I was informed by Captn Giles yt the Amberoscoggin Indians had sent a Petition to ye General Court to have a Praying-house built for them at Brunswick to meet with ye English."

[1718.] "January 19th I preached at Brunswick, and there came 3 Indians to meeting, the most of ye Indians being gone from thence before I came thither.

"January 26th I preached at Brunswick."

"April 20th I preached at Brunswick.

"April 23d. I discoursed with Three Indians, one of them was inquisitive about things in Religion, and I had a great deal of discourse with him."

"April ye 26th an Indian came to desire me to go to his squaw who was very sick & like to die, accordingly I went to her with Capn Giles, and discoursed with her about ye state of her soul, & directed her how to get prepared for death, and she seemed to be very well pleased with what was said to her.

"April ye 27th I preached at Brunswick."2

From the journal above referred to it would appear that Mr. Baxter did not remove to Brunswick with his family, but that he came here upon several occasions to preach, and that he was at Georgetown

1. From Georgetown.
2. Baxter's Journal in MS. in Library of Maine Historical Society.

during the greater portion of his stay in Maine. The proprietors, however, deeded him "the second Island in Pejepscot River, coming out of Merrimeeting bay," and he took up lots numbers 14 and 15 in Topsham, which were afterwards sold for non-fulfilment of conditions. It will also be seen a little farther on that there was a house on lot number 6 in Brunswick called "Mr. Baxter's house." In the absence of positive information, it is to be presumed that the proprietors built a house for him, in the hopes or expectation that he would settle there.

The first action in religious matters taken by the people was while Brunswick was a parish or plantation, under the Pejepscot proprietors. It appears by the records that:-

"Att a Leagual Town meeting in Brunswick November 3d 1718, It was 'Voted That whereas the Proprietors of Sd Township in their paternal Care for our Spiritual Good, have by there Joint Letter Sought to ye Reverend Mr James Woodside to be our Minister & in order there to proposed Conditions for his Settlement on their part, Wee the Inhabitance of Brunswick will Give Fourty pounds pr annum toward ye support of ye Sd Mr. Woodside & a Sum in proportion there to from this time untill May next (if he Come to us) & God in his providence Should Then part us.

"It was also at this meeting Voted That Mr Baxters house on ye 6th Lott in Brunswick Be forthwith made habitable for ye sd Mr. Woodside. That ye Charges there of ye Transporting him & his famoly from Falmouth to Brunswick be paid Equally by its ye inhabitance of sd Brunswick & ye Capt Gyles is here by impowered to so ye Buisness effected.


The first meeting-house of the First Parish was probably commenced in 1719. It stood about a mile south of the colleges, where the old burying-ground is. It was not, however, finished for several years, and it is probable that Mr. Woodside preached in the fort.

On May 8, 1719, it was voted, that:-

"Whereas the Reverend Mr James Woodside for Some time past, has preached to us in order to his Settlement, some of us not being well Sattisfied with his Conversation,1 And thinking It most reasonable ye Mr Woodside as well as our Selves should have further time

1. Used in the now obsolete sense of character.

for consideration in so weighty an affair, Theirfore it is voted that if Mr Woodside please to Continue preaching to us Six Moneths Longer he Shall receive of ye town after ye rate of 40 per annum provided those of us who are Dissatisfied with his Conversation (as afore Said) Can by Treating with him as becomes Christians receive Such Sattisfaction from him as that they will heare him preach for ye Time afore sd."

He did not give sufficient satisfaction, for "Att a Leagual Town Meeting in Brunswick Sept 10th 1719 it was voted that whereas the conversation of the Reverend Mr James woodside is Displeasing to ye most of us, which renders us unable to reverence him as our Minister, therefore wee will not heare him any Longer as such. And the Select men are 'Impowered & Desired to grant a rate & Commit it to ye Constable to Collect So yt ye Sd Mr. Woodside may be paid according to our agreement with him viz. after ye rate of 40 pounds per annum his Time to begin ye 2d Day of Novemr & Continue to y2 Date of this vote except ye several1 weeks he was absent on his own buisness at Boston & elsewhere."

[1721.] At a meeting of the settlers held May 6, 1721, twelve pounds was assessed upon the inhabitants for the support of the Reverend Isaac Taylor, who agreed with the proprietors to preach alternately in Brunswick and Topsham for one year.

[1730.] In 1730 a chaplain was allowed at Fort George.

The first minister who preached here after the incorporation of the town was Reverend Robert Rutherford. In the petition for an Act of Incorporation it was stated that the people had obtained "a pious and orthodox minister " to settle with them, and he was doubtless the one to whom reference was made, as he commenced his labors here about 1735. He does not seem to have had a formal call, however, for several years, and was never actually settled.

[1739.] At the annual town meeting, held April 16, 1739, a committee was chosen to make an arrangement with Mr. Rutherford, or if he should decline his services, to agree with some other minister.

At a meeting held the following July it was voted, "That the minister should preach at the southeast end of the town [New Meadows] according to what rates and taxes the residents of that part of the town should pay towards the support of the Ministry." At another meeting held in September, it was voted "That the Reverend Mr. Rutherford should preach at the east part of the town as often as

1. Several or seven; the writing is illegible.

he pleases." A vote was also passed "That James Hue should have the one half of the two hind seats to make a Pew of on the southeast end of the meeting-house."

[1740.] In the year 1740 the town appropriated 150 for Mr. Rutherford's salary, and also voted to raise 200 as a settlement, "if he lives and dies minister of Brunswick," and to raise 66 13s. 4d. that year.

[1741.] The town appropriated, in the year 1741, 150 for support of the minister and 66 towards his settlement. The proprietors also this year voted to lay out a "ministry lot "of one hundred acres, near the meeting-house, on the south side of the road. To judge from the record, the settlers must have been accompanied at church very frequently by their canine companions, as the town voted, "That each person that suffers his Dog to com to the meeten-hose one the Lords Day shall forfet the sum of twelve pence."

[1742.] Reverend Mr. Rutherford closed his Iabors here early in the year 1742, having preached in town for about seven years. In February of this year a committee was appointed by the town to obtain a minister to preach, on probation, with a view to settlement. This committee does not seem to have accomplished much, however, for in June following another committee was chosen "to agree with the Reverend Mr. Jonathan Pierpont, or some other minister, to preach to us for two or three months."

In September, the town voted "that ye Revd Mr. Samll Orseborne and ye Revd Mr. James Morton be neither of them imployed in the publick woorke of the Ministrey in this town for the fughter." And a new committee was appointed to secure the services of some suitable "orthodox" minister to preach on probation during the winter, and to be permanently settled if an agreement could be had between him and the town. The committee were authorized to advance 3 a week to the minister who might be employed. This action was owing to the fact that there was a conflict between the eastern and western portions of the town arising from differences in religious views, and the town at this time having two ministers on its hands, in order to harmonize matters, voted that neither of them should be employed.

The people in the eastern part of the town were principally descendants of the first settlers of New England. Those who resided in the west part of the town were for the most part Scotch-Irish Presbyterians. The latter formed at this time the most numerous portion. The people of New Meadows wished to have the platform of the churches at York, Berwick, Kittery. etc., and

"a Mr. Lumbers [or Lombards], a busybody, was dispatched for a copy of Mr. Moody's platform."1

Besides the ministers already mentioned, Reverends Blowers, Crumble, and. McClanathan were employed for a longer or shorter time. The latter not only preached, but taught a school for some time.2

At a meeting of the Pejepscot proprietors at Boston, September 20, 1742, it was voted that:---

"Whereas the Town of Brunswick is at present destitute of a minister, and is in quest of another minister, That Lott Number Eight on the South easterly side of the Twelve Rod Road leading from Fort George to Maquoit containing one hundred acres and fifty acres more adjoining to it on the south westerly side of said Lott, making together one hundred and fifty acres, be and hereby is granted to the First Learned & Orthodox Minister who shall be Ordained and Settle there & shall continue in the Ministry there for the space of seven years, if he shall live so long, to be to him his heirs and assigns forever. And if he should continue in the Ministry there during his lifetime, though he should dye before the expiration of said term of seven years, to be to his Heirs and their assigns notwithstanding. Otherwise to revert to the Proprietors."

And it was also voted:-

"That Lott Number Seven3 on the Southeasterly side of the Road be & hereby is granted to the Town of Brunswick for a ministry Lott, containing one hundred acres, to be & continue for said use forever. . . . Both the above granted Lotts lying near & commodious to the meeting house."

In November of this year the town made an agreement with the Reverend Mr. Hodges, of Falmouth, to preach for five or six months on a salary of 3 per week.

In May, Deacon Samuel Hinckley was authorized to secure a minister to preach on probation, with a view to settlement, and the town paid him 6 "for ten days going after a minister to supply the town." Some question, probably, arising about this time as to whom the control of the meeting-house was vested in, the proprietors, at a meeting held in Boston, June 1, 1743,

"Voted, Whereas the Proprietors out of an earnest desire to promote the preaching of the Gospell in the Town of Brunswick did some years since signify to the Setlers or Inhabitants of said Town,

1. Pejepscot Papers.
2. lbid.
3. This lot had been previously laid out for this purpose.

That in case they would at their Charge provide & raise the Frame of a meeting house in said Town, the proprietors would at their Expence furnish Glass, Nails & other Materials & finish the said meeting house which they have accordingly done: It is therefore now agreed & Voted, That the said meeting house is to be & continue to the use of the Inhabitants of said Town, for carrying on the publick worship of God therein, and that no particular Inhabitant or Inhabitants, Proprietor or Proprietors, pretend to claim the same for their particular use or property contrary to the true Intent and design for which said house was erected, or to the Exclusion of any of the Inhabitants from enjoying the Benefitt of said House.

"Provided Notwithstanding that the Pew on the Right Side of the Front Door be & remain for the use of the Proprietors their Heirs & Assigns & wholly at our Disposal."

[1744.] There was no minister settled in the year 1744. A proposition was made in February, however, to extend a call to Reverend James Morton, but the town voted in the negative. In March a committee was chosen to procure a minister to supply the town "for some time," on as reasonable terms as possible.

[1745.] In May, 1745, Deacon Samuel Hinckley was selected as an agent to procure a minister, but he not meeting with success, in October, Mr. Ebenezer Stanwood was appointed agent for that purpose, and was promised forty shillings for his services.

[1746.] In December, 1746, the town voted to extend an invitation to Reverend Robert Dunlap, of Sheepscot Bridge, New Castle, Massachusetts, to preach with a view to settlement, and the selectmen were instructed to communicate with him by letter, and Messrs. Robert Given and Vincent Woodside were chosen a committee to go after him, and were to be allowed twelve shillings per day for their services. The town also voted to pay Mr. Dunlap 4 per Sabbath, and a committee was chosen to take up a contribution each Sabbath to help pay the minister's salary.

[1747.] In March of the following year the town voted to settle Mr. Robert Dunlap at a salary of 200 per year (old tenor), and with a settlement of 200 "when the war is over." The town also voted to hire a house for his use "during the present war,1 and to pay the charge."

As Mr. Dunlap was a Presbyterian, and naturally desired to be ordained by a presbytery, and there being none nearer than

1. Spanish or fifth Indian.

Londonderry, 1 it was mutually agreed between him and the town that the ordination should take place at Boston, and Deacon Samuel Hinckley and Mr. Ebenezer Stanwood were appointed commissioners to appear at the ordination and receive Mr. Dunlap in behalf of the town. They were allowed 30 to defray the cost of the ordination dinner, but the expenses were afterwards found to amount to upwards of 60.

The ordination took place in Boston, in August or September, in the meeting-house of Reverend Andrew Le Mercier, minister of the Protestant French Church, by a presbytery composed of Reverend Mr. Le Mercier, Reverend Mr. Morton, of Colrain, Reverend Mr. Davidson, of Londonderry, Reverend Mr. Wilson, and Reverend Mr. M. Lothlius.2

[1750.] In March, 1750, the town voted a present to Mr. Dunlap, of 40 old tenor, and in May there was raised by the town for his salary 26 13s. 4d. lawful money, and 13 6s. 8d. be given as a present, and the same amount for his "settlement."

At a meeting of the proprietors, held this year, July 9, it was voted by them to dispose of the vacant land at New Meadows, and to expend the money thus obtained in finishing the meeting-house.

A note at the bottom of the records says that this assistance was not accepted by the town.

[1751.] In 1751 the town voted to add 13 6s. 8d. lawful money, to Mr. Dunlap's salary, "providing he will take his pay in such specie as the town can pay him in, at the market price, otherwise Mr. Dunlap must adhere to his first agreement with the town." At its annual meeting the town also voted to raise. for his salary 40 lawful money, "in such specie as it can produce in lumber at the market price," and 8 in cash.

[1752.] The next year the selectmen were directed to petition the General Court to have Topsham annexed to Brunswick in order to assist in maintaining the gospel, "unless the inhabitants of Topsham will bind themselves to the satisfaction of our selectmen, to pay the Reverend Mr. Dunlap eighty pounds, old tenour, this year." The Province laws at this time allowed the taxing of adjacents, which had no minister, and whose people attended preaching in the town which taxed them.3

The town also this year voted 40, lawful money, for his salary, "to be paid in lumber, landed in Boston at the market price, where

1. Pejepscot Papers.
2. Greenleaf's Ecclesiastical Sketches,
3. McKeen, MS. Lecture.

our minister shall order, two thirds to be delivered there by the first day of October next, and the other third by the first of May next." What effect the petition referred to above had, does not appear from the record, but in all probability it hastened the efforts made in Topsham to settle a minister. The cause of this petition was undoubtedly due to the fact that the people of Topsham, having no preaching in their own town, were accustomed to attend religious services in Brunswick, without contributing their due share towards the support of the same.

[1754.] This year the proprietors made a deed to Reverend Mr. Dunlap of the one hundred and fifty acres of land previously granted to the first settled minister.1

[1755.] About this time a meeting-house was built at the east end of the town, for the accommodation of the residents of that locality. Before the erection of this building, Mr. Dunlap used to preach in that part of the town in the barn of James Thompson,2 which stood where Bartlett Adams now (1877) lives. During the war with the Indians he was escorted to the place by his neighbors, armed.3

[1756.] In the year 1756 the town, in addition to the usual appropriation of 40 for the minister's salary, voted to pay the rent of his house for that year.

[1759.] In 1759 the town voted that the inhabitants of the south-east part of the township should have preaching every second Sabbath.

[1760.] In October, 1760, a committee was chosen by the town to call a council of ministers "to decide our unhappy differences with the Reverend Mr. Dunlap." The council consisted of Reverend Messrs. Smith, of Falmouth, Morrill, of Biddeford, and of Reverend Mr. Lorrain. The council resulted in the speedy dismission of Mr. Dunlap. It will be noticed that although Mr. Dunlap was a Presbyterian, yet this was a Congregational council. The difficulties on account of which the council was held are said by Greenleaf4 to have been in regard to the payment of his salary. McKeen,5 however, implies that he was dismissed on account of "having become weak and imbecile in mind and body, owing to a paralytic shock." That Greenleaf was correct in his statement is evident from the following communication from Mr. Dunlap to the town, which is given verbatim:-

1. Brunswick Records in Pejepscot Collections.
2. McKeen, MS. Lecture.
3. Pejepscot Papers
4. Ecclesiastical Sketches of Maine
5. Brunswick Telegraph, July 30,1853.

"To the Town OF BRUNSk. JUNE 30TH 1760.

"Seeing It pleased Divine providence to obstruct my Being at Londonderrey at the Last Sitting of the Presby which will appear by my Journal & other evidence if Called: I By advice of some worthy men; offer to ye Considderation these proposals-

"1st that no mans monney or Rates Shall Ever Come Into my pocket; or private use In aney Shape: as ministerial taxes In this town; that Do's not adhere to my minry.

"2ly that Such as Be.: or may be adherents To my minry Have Liberty to pay there ministerial taxes & other Ecclesiastical Dues when they Go to hear the word: or have or may Joine In Conection; with the old Church of Christ In Brunswick: & Such as pretend aney Scruple of Concience In Joineing with us: I Lord not, over their Conciences they may use their Christian Liberty: their monney Shall be at their own Disposal: I have always tho't this was the Best way to pace: tho't I woud Rather quit my title to part of a town tax: or Rate then have a hand In Divisions: & uneasyness: I am no Longer able to Live under-

"2d proposl whether Deacon Hinkley & Capt. David Dunning: as we have a Revd & Good Presbry. to go to, will continue their adherence, as I think wee agreed & signifyd, and for which I am now preparing & still am Desirous of Such Government, & Do profess the west=minstr. Confession of faith to be the Confession of my faith unless better light offer to my understandin

"3ly that whereas you are or may Be aquainted: with my Going to the wesrd Twice -

"1st to ask Counsel tending to the publige Benefit & Tranquility & that our unhappey Divisions might Be heald: 2ly To waite on the Revd P BY which wind & weather Disapointed me In: my Journal will Demonstrate. I therefor Intreate you would let me have my Arears of Last Sallary. I have no minnets of the exact time when I accepted ye Call But am pretty Certain It was In march or aprill after which I looked on my Self ye minr tho' not really ordained: and went to Boston to prepare my self after which no pay was Recd By me from aney people for preaching the Gospel: as far as I can Remember: But Came to Brunsk; In the night of the eighth Day of July, which I am Readey to Depone.

"You may all See I am not wanting aney Charges: only my Just arears: which will Satisfy & may possibly make us Easey. Sure I think I aim at the Honest part.

"Altho I spent of my own monney about 30 Going to Boston: & hireing a horse, and riding to Derrey when I was ordained:---

"and these Last Expenses: which I am sure is more & not less: of which I say nothing at this time-

" pr

"[ signature of Robert Dunlap ] "1

A meeting of the town was held not long after his dismissal, and a committee chosen to procure a minister to preach on probation.

[1761.] In March, 1761, the town chose a committee "to treat with Mr. Fairfield or Mr. Whitwell to preach to us for some time, on probation, and to offer neither of them over eight pounds, old tenour, per Sabbath, and, if they refuse, to get somebody else." Probably the inducement was not sufficient, as neither of these gentlemen was obtained, and in August following another committee was appointed to confer with Reverend John Miller, of Milton, Massachusetts, as to the terms upon which he would be willing to settle. At a meeting held in December the town voted "to concur with the church and give a call to Reverend John Miller to settle with us as a minister of the gospel." The town voted him a salary of 66 13s. 4d., lawful money, and to give him 100 to enable him to settle, this amount to be paid in three annual instalments, one third each year, and if he desired to settle on the "ministerial lot," it was voted to lay out 200 in a house and improvements. The arrangements for preaching were that Mr. Miller should be excused from preaching at New Meadows during the first three months of the year, and as a compensation to the residents of that portion of the town, he was to preach there every Sabbath for two of the summer months and every alternate Sunday for the rest of the year.

[1762.] In September, 1762, a committee was chosen to receive Mr. Miller's answer to the call given him by the church and town. His answer was as follows:

"By virtue of your vote passed in your meeting the 14th day of September, 1762, as you then voted me a salary and settlement reference being had to said vote, I cheerfully accept of your unanimous and friendly offers and engage to settle with you as your minister

1. Pejepscot Papers.

during life, unless something material happens, by being legally parted; and I engage to conform to your vote passed September 1st, 1762, in regard to preaching at New Meadows so long as my health will admit of, or till they are set off, or otherwise voted, and wishing that we may by our preaching and example edify and advance each other's eternal interest and live in love and peace as long as life lasts.


The ordination took place on the third of November, the exercises being conducted by the Reverends Smith, Eaton, Lorain, Elvans, Weyburn, and Obens.

David Dunning provided an entertainment for the ministers and their attendants, by order of the town.

[1768.] In 1768 some difficulties began to arise in regard to the singing on the Sabbath, and a proposition was made to set off a part of the gallery in the west meeting-house for the use of the singers, but it was defeated by a vote of the town.

[1779.] The records contain nothing of special interest from this time until the year 1779, when the town voted to make Mr. Miller such a compensation for that year as might be agreed upon, in consideration of the scarcity and dearness of the necessaries of life, and Messrs. Aaron Hinkley, Thomas Skolfield, and Captain William Stanwood were chosen a committee to decide as to what sum was proper. Subsequently the town voted not to add anything to Mr. Miller's salary, but to leave it to the generosity of the people, and the usual salary of 66 13s. 4d. was accordingly voted.

[1780.] In 1780 the town voted to pay Mr. Miller's regular salary "in produce of the country, at the price such articles were in 1775, or so much of the present currency as will purchase so much of said articles."

[1786.] In the year 1786 the town voted to allow the people in the east end of the township to "regulate the way of singing in Divine Service in the east end as they shall think proper." In June of this year, owing to troubles now but imperfectly understood, but probably connected with matters of church government, the town voted to dismiss Mr. Miller from his pastoral office, and a committee was chosen to notify him of the action of the town. He must, however, have refused to accept his dismissal as [1787] on the eighth of May of the next year, agreeably to his own desire, a vote of the members of the church was taken, as to whether he should or should not be dismissed. The result of this vote was nine for dismission and five

against it. As this did not seem satisfactory, the congregation was then called upon to vote on the subject. The result of this vote was twelve for dismission and eighteen against it. The town thereupon, without taking direct action,1 voted to raise no money for his support.

[1788.] In 1788 the town again voted not to pay him any salary, and also voted to call a council of the neighboring churches to hear the grievances of those who were dissatisfied with him. As there is no evidence that a council was ever actually assembled, and as Mr. Miller died before the close of the year, it is probable that the calling of the council was deferred on account of his ill-health.

[1789.] The next year a committee was appointed to pay the executor of Mr. Miller's estate the amount of his salary due him at the time of his death. A committee was also chosen to secure another minister on trial.

[1790.] A committee was chosen in April, 1790, to invite Reverend Mr. Cornwell to preach on probation; but in August the town voted not to settle him, and a committee was chosen to secure some other minister. [1791.] The following proposal was made to the town in December:-

"Six months I propose, at the desire of the Committee to supply the people of Brunswick as a Preacher, allowing me to be absent two months in the Winter, more or less as convenient, provided it is agreeable to the town.


" DECEMBR 2d 1791."2

[1792.] In January, 1792, the proposal of Mr. Moore was accepted, and he was engaged to preach for six months on probation. In August the town voted unanimously to give him a call to settle, at a salary of 100 and with a settlement of 100, to be paid him in one year after his settlement.

It was also voted that the Baptists in this town who can produce a certificate that they belong to a Baptist society shall have a right to draw the money that was last assessed as a ministerial tax, to be appropriated to pay their own preacher, and that they be no longer taxed in the ministerial tax.

It was also voted that the minister should preach every other Sunday at the east end of the town.

1. Which was needless, in view of the vote taken the preceding year.
2. Pejepscot Papers.

Mr. Moore declined the call to settle permanently and in September of the following year [1793], the town voted unanimously to extend a call to the Reverend Ebenezer Coffin, and to give him a salary of 100 and 200 for a settlement. He was ordained June 23, 1794.

[1801.] Mr. Coffin left in 1801. There is no account in either the town or church records of any formal dismissal, but there is probably no doubt that he was compelled to resign. From this time until 1806 there was occasional preaching in the old meeting-house.

[1806.] At that time the old house was abandoned by the First Parish, and a new one on the hill was occupied instead.

The participation of the town in the doings of the First Parish having now ceased, the remainder of its history will be included in that of the


It does not appear anywhere, as a matter of record, that there was any church organization during the pastorate of Reverend Mr. Rutherford, or that he was regularly ordained. No mention is made of any church act at the time of the settlement of Reverend Mr. Dunlap, but it is said that, soon after that event, Reverend Mr. Murray formed a church in this place, in connection with the presbytery. Samuel Clark is said to have been the first deacon.1
It is narrated that on one occasion, while Mr. Murray, of Boothbay, was here for the purpose of organizing the church and was engaged in preaching, Aaron Hinkley, displeased with something that he had said, stepped out into the aisle, and addressing Mr. Murray, inquired of him if he knew in whose presence he was speaking; to which Mr. Murray replied that he was aware that he was in the presence of the Judge of the Inferior Court. Mr. Hinkley then said, "I say to you as the Lord said to Elijah, 'What dost thou here,' John Murray ?" The question, with the verse following in this connection, "I have been very jealous for the Lord God of hosts; for the children of Israel have forsaken thy covenant, thrown down thine altars, and slain thy prophets with the sword" (1 Kings xix, 9, 10), gave a text to Mr. Murray upon which he continued to preach, making some very severe and sarcastic remarks, and putting an end to all further questions.2

There is no doubt but that this church was originally established on Presbyterian principles, and continued so during the ministry of Mr. Dunlap.

1. Woodman's notes.
2.. McKeen, MS. Lecture.

The male members of this church in 1761 were1 John Minott, Samuel Clarke, Ebenezer Stanwood, William Simpson, David Dunning, John Orr, Samuel Whitney, Isaac Snow, James Thompson, Aaron Hinkley, Samuel Stanwood, James Elliott, William Ross, William Stanwood, Thomas Adams, Thomas Skolfield, and John Smart.

After the settlement of Mr. Miller, the church assumed a mixed character for about seven years. The number of church members was then about seventy, among whom were seven deacons.2

Mr. Miller was ordained November 3, 1762. The council consisted of Messrs. Smith. Loring, Elvin, Wibird, Robbins, and Eaton. At a church meeting held a few days subsequently, it was voted "Whereas this church as to its government since it has been gathered and more especially while Mr Dunlap was their pastor, has not been duly kept up in the beauty and order of the Gospel, by reason of which they have greatly separated in the Ceremonials of Government, it was therefore voted: That all those who are not in full communion with the church and who never had any children baptized or were never baptized themselves, in order to receive the ordinances either for themselves or their children are required to be propounded to the church at least the Sabbath before Baptism, in order to own the Covenant of Baptism."

Reverend Mr. Miller was ordained as a Congregationalist, but after some years the church and parish returned to the Londonderry Presbytery, from which they had seceded.3

How much soever a portion of his congregation may have been edified by his preaching, some of them were not sufficiently so to give close attention to him, and it was not at all uncommon for numbers of people to be asleep. At such times, it is narrated, Mr. Miller was in the habit of stopping in the midst of his sermon, and saying, "Wake up, hearers!" After a while it was made the duty of old Mr. George Coombs to wake the sleepers by rapping on their pew-doors with his staff.4

At the council for the ordination of Mr. Miller, Reverend Thomas Smith was the moderator, and Mr. Loring, scribe. At the ordination, prayer was made by the Reverend Mr. Loring, the charge by Mr. Smith, the right hand of fellowship by Mr. Eaton, and the sermon by Mr. Miller himself.

The following, in regard to church government, was found on an old paper, undated, and very much worn:-

1. Pejepscot Papers.
2. Greenleaf, Ecclesiastical Sketches.
3. McKeen, MS. Lecture.
4. James Curtis's Journal, in Library of Maine Historical Society.

"These concerning the Church of Christ in Brunswick as to the order and Constitution of this Church. It was at first set up in the Presbyterian order to be governed by a Session and since we have left off that order and government we have got into Disorder and have no government at all, therefore we the subscribers hereof advise the members of the Church to look to God for a blessing and direc-tion herein, in setting up their old Constitution and choose ten or twelve elders and have them ordained to their charge and duty, herein to act for the glory of God and the good of this church, and in all Ecclesiastical affairs belonging to this church that may come before them to decide them impartially without favor or affection. This is our deliberate judgement and advice and that we cannot come into peace and good government without taking these steps.


[1762.] At a meeting of the church, held Monday, November 15, it was--

Voted, "That all such as desire admittance into full Communion with the Church, shall privately signify their desire to the minister, and [make a statement of their religious] views, after which the minister shall propound them to the Church at least a week before the Sacrament, that if any of the Communicants have anything to object, they may have time so to do before the Sacrament, which objection is to be made to the Deacons, who shall before Sacrament day acquaint the minister of it, that the minister may have time to inform the person, but if no objections appear, the, minister shall proceed to admit the person." Also, "That the sacrament of the Lord's Supper be administered once in two months in the winter, beginning the first Sabbath of December, and once in six weeks in the summer months."

[1763.] On May 12, the church voted, "That the contribution be continued at both ends of the town in order to purchase utensils for this church.

"To purchase four flagons, eight tankards, twelve cups, four dishes, two tablecloths, and two napkins for the use of this church.

"That Aaron Hinkley and Deacon Dunning take charge of the contribution, and see the articles purchased as soon as may be.

"That Deacon Clark and Deacon Samuel Stanwood take an account of the money collected at the west meeting-house, and Deacon Snow and Deacon Whitney take account of the money collected at the east meeting-house, before delivered into the hands of Deacon Dunning and Mr. Hinkley."

It is difficult to understand the necessity for this vote to purchase flagons, etc., because (if there is no mistake in the date inscribed upon them) two flagons, three plates, and four cups were presented to the church in 1737 by Benjamin Larrabee and John Minot. They are now in the possession of Professor A. S. Packard.

At this same meeting of the church, it was "voted to sing Tate and Brady's version with the hymns annexed thereto, composed by Isaac Watts, D. D." Mr. Aaron Hinkley declined serving as deacon, and was excused.

[1761.] This year an individual who desired baptism for his two children was obliged to make a public confession of his criminal intimacy with Ann Conner, who subsequently committed suicide.

[1765.] September 8, the church met and voted to have a covenant drawn up and signed by each member.

The following is found on the cover of one of the old records:-

"October 1765 The people in Brunswick began to quarrel with their minister, John Miller, headed by William Woodside Senior."

[1766.] On May 9, a church meeting was held to consider this "quarrel"; and at an adjourned meeting, held May 22, the church voted that Mr. Woodside should apologize to the pastor He refused to do so, and the church then voted that "Mr. Miller's Character stood fair in the eye of the church."

[1767.] May 13, William Woodside was suspended until he confessed his fault to the church and pastor.

[1768.] July 29. At a meeting of the church on this day objection was offered to the baptism of a child of Thomas Thompson, "on account of said Thomas standing up and reading the Psalm in the public worship of God." The child was, however, baptized. At a meeting on September 6, William Woodside, Senior, openly asked the forgiveness of the church and the pastor, as to his past misconduct, and was received again into the church. A number of the members were also reconciled to each other at this meeting, an uncommon spirit

of forgiveness prevailing, and the members appearing to be "of one heart and of one mind." At this meeting Mr. Miller openly declared himself to be the pastor of a church on the Congregational plan.

[1770.] In May, 1770, the church records show that the members had been led to consider the decline of religion; and accordingly a day of fasting and prayer was appointed "to implore pardon of God, and his aid and help." The day was seriously observed. After public services the church met, confessions were made, alienations and differences composed, and tokens appeared of a reviving spiritual influence among the Christian portion of the community.

[1771.] The question whether the church should be Congregational or Presbyterian in form came up this year. A meeting was held at the west meeting-house, which the members of the east end did not attend. Subsequently a meeting was held at the east end which was attended by both parties. The next day some of the members at the east end met at Captain Thompson's, without notifying the other members. To reconcile the difficulties a meeting was held on [1772] June 16, and the following agreement was drawn up and signed:-

"In the first place we propose that this Church and the Discipline thereof be governed agreeable to the Congregational Constitution and platform of the churches in New England - excepting the adminis-tration of the ordinance of Baptism and the Lord's supper to be administered agreeable to the custom of the Presbyterian Churches, and to have only one preparation day before each sacrament.

"Consented to by me,        "JOHN MILLER.

JAMES THOMPSON         Church
SAMUEL STANWOOD       Committee

"Voted and accepted in Church.

"N.B. It is to be understood by the Pastor and the Church that the above writing was drawn up and executed in consequence of all differences and uneasiness that did subsist between the Pastor and Church, and the same were adjusted and settled in an amicable manner."

[1774.] At a meeting of the church, on May 16, at the west meeting-house, the above vote having caused some uneasiness, and

some of the members at the east end of the town not being disposed to comply with it, it was voted that the sacrament might be adminis-tered at the west meeting-house from the long table, the communicants sitting around it or in the body-pews as they might see fit; and that it might be administered at the east meeting-house in the Congregational form. The ordinance of baptism to be administered in either form as persons might choose.

[1785.] At a meeting held on September 13, the church considered the matter of lay exhorters, who were becoming quite common in town. No action was taken, however, as some of the church evidently favored such persons.

[1786.] At a meeting held April 17, the subject of chosing ruling elders was brought forward, and it was voted not to choose any. The church then considered in regard to the new mode of singing adopted at the east end of the town, and it was voted that the psalms and hymns should be read by the deacons, i. e., line by line, until all had had time to furnish themselves with books. Charles Thomas was chosen chorister at the east end, and John Dunning at the west end of the town, with liberty to appoint their own assistants.

At a meeting held July 5, there was a pretty warm discussion in regard to the mode of singing. After a while the discussion turned upon the question whether the church was Congregational or Presbyterian. The meeting closed without settling the point.

[1790.] At a meeting held in March, there being no minister, Stanwood Dunning was chosen permanent moderator. Several persons being asked why they had absented themselves from church meetings, etc., one replied, "because there was no order in the church"; another, that he could not sit down to the Lord's table with a certain member; and others answered that "they had joined the Baptists."

[1793.] December 18 the church voted a call to Reverend Mr. Coffin, and that the twenty-third of January be set for his ordination.

[1794.] January 22, the council for the ordination met. It consisted of Daniel Little, Kennebunk; Paul Coffin, Buxton; Thomas Brown, Stroudwater; Alfred Johnston, Freeport; Samuel Eaton, Harpswell; Jonathan Ellis, Topsham; and the usual lay delegates. The ordaining services were performed the next day in the west meeting-house.

The minutes of only two church meetings are recorded during the whole of Mr. Coffin's pastorate. May 10 of this year it was voted that there should be four communions a year. June 26 it was voted

"that candidates for the baptism of their first child should be propounded as such one fortnight, that if there should be any objections made, they may be made in season to the minister that he may act accordingly."

On July 21, 1808, the new meeting house, which had been built by subscription, was given to and accepted by the parish, the north gallery being reserved for the use of the students of Bowdoin College, that institution having contributed funds towards its erection. Afterward, in the present building, the south gallery was substituted in lieu of the north.

On February 8, 1810, the parish extended an invitation to Reverend John Bartlett to settle over them. The call was not, however, accepted. On the twenty-first of April, of this year, the parish voted to petition the Court of Common Pleas for a remission of the fine that had been imposed upon them "for not being supplied with preaching."

Since 1802 there had been no settled minister over them and a portion of the time no preaching, though during this time Presidents McKeen and Appleton often officiated.

On April 2, 1811, the parish voted "to appoint a suitable person to care for the meeting-house, sweep the same, and ring the bell." This is the first allusion to any bell in town and this bell was undoubtedly the one on the college chapel. In October, 1824, however, the parish authorized a bell to be put in the tower of the meeting-house, and it was done shortly after. This, the first parish bell, was bought by subscription, and cost about five hundred dollars.1 The college paid fifty dollars towards its purchase, on condition that the parish would give them the right to use both it and the meeting-house, for literary exercises on Commencement week and at other times for special purposes, upon ten days' notice being given.

In 1817 the question of heating the meeting-house came up. and on the eighteenth of January the parish voted to grant permission to have stoves put in. This was probably not done, though, at this time, for in 1824 the matter again came up and was referred to a committee, who reported it inexpedient to use stoves. In November, 1838, the parish authorized the assessors "to adopt the plan used in Reverend Mr. Ellingwood's church, in Bath."

In 1819, John Schwartkin, of Holland, was allowed to partake of the communion without a letter of recommendation, because he was a stranger in a foreign country.

1. At all events, the subscriptions amounted to a trifle over this sum.

In Reverend Mr. Mead's reply to a call of the church, in 18 2, he made it a condition of his acceptance that he should have the right to dissolve the connection with the church whenever the compensation he received failed to amount to seven hundred dollars a year.

His ordination services were held this year and were as follows introductory prayer, by Reverend Mr. Mittimore, of Falmouth; sermon, by Reverend Doctor Payson, of Portland; consecrating prayer, by Reverend Mr. Gillet, of Hallowell; charge, by Reverend Doctor Packard, of Wiscasset; right hand of fellowship, by Reverend Mr. Smith, of Portland; address to the people, by Reverend Mr. Ellingwood, of Bath; closing prayer, by Reverend Mr. Pomeroy, of Gorham.

Mr. Mead was dismissed, at his own request, in July, 1829. On the fifth of that month he preached his farewell discourse. which was printed by request, and a copy of which is preserved in the library of the Maine Historical Society. During his ministry a creed and covenant were adopted by the church and a church library started, to which the books of the Brunswick Female Humane Society were added.

About this time the attention of the parish was directed to the question of the ownership and boundaries of the meeting-house lot. The fencing of this lot and the legal contest connected therewith is mentioned in another connection.

In November, 1829, Reverend George E. Adams was invited to become the pastor of this parish. Having already been ordained, although without a charge, he was installed Tuesday, December 29. The installation services were as follows:--

Introductory prayer, by Reverend Seneca White, of Bath; sermon, by Dr. Tyler. of Portland; installing prayer, by Dr. H. Packard, of Wiscasset; charge, by Reverend Asa Mead, of Gorham; right hand of fellowship, by Reverend Jacob C. Goss, of Topsham; address to the church and to the people, by Reverend Benjamin Tappan, of Augusta; concluding prayer, by Reverend William Mittimore, of Falmouth.

On November 27, 1834, Thanksgiving day, the meeting-house, having been repaired and somewhat altered, was dedicated anew.

In 1835 the parish voted to receive an organ, in trust, for the church. Two years later the debt due upon this organ was assumed by the parish. On May 16, 1840, a motion was made in parish meeting to pay the organist fifty dollars. This motion produced an animated discussion. One individual remarked, "I don't wish to wound the feelings of any one. I have felt very unpleasant ever since the

organ came into the meeting-house. It is not acceptable to God. It is very offensive. It begins to make a noise after the hymn is read,- before they begin to sing. It has a very immoral tendency. It keeps our minds from other things."No objection to the motion was made by any one else, and the amount was therefore voted.

In 1812 a new bell was put in the tower in place of the old one. which had been cracked in consequence of ringing a fire alarm on the seventeenth of December of the previous year. The cost of this new bell was about one hundred and fifty dollars, and the sum was raised by subscription.

On February 15, 1845, the parish voted to have a new meeting-house built, and to dispose of the old one. Work was at once commenced on it, and it was finished early the next year. Its cost was $13,101.68. It was dedicated on March 18, 1846. The public exercises were as follows: A voluntary on the organ; an anthem by the choir; reading of Scripture by Reverend Ray Palmer, of Bath; prayer, by Reverend Jonathan Clement, of Topsham; hymn, by Reverend John O. Fisk. of Bath; sermon, by the pastor, Reverend George E. Adams; prayer, by Reverend John W. Chickering, of Portland; hymn, by Reverend E. G. Parsons, of Freeport; benediction, by Reverend James Drummond, of Lewiston.

Doctor Adams closed his ministry in August, 1870. When he went to Brunswick he was called from the Professorship of Sacred Rhetoric, in the Bangor Theological Seminary, and by experience and culture seemed unusually well endowed for the work of the ministry, which, with uninterrupted unanimity, was continued forty-one years. "With perhaps as few trials as have fallen to the lot of any of his contemporaries, he was permitted to witness repeated special manifestations of the Divine favor, and a large increase of the church and of the society. Having come to it when it was comparatively weak, he closed his long service when it had become one of the strong societies of the State. When at last, after an unusually prolonged pastorate, at his own request, moved to it by an inviting call to Orange, New Jersey, he asked to be released from this ministry, he received a united and costly testimonial from his whole people of their affectionate and grateful esteem and affection."1

Notwithstanding Doctor Adams's resignation was accepted by the parish, his formal connection therewith was never severed by any act of council, and he died the legal pastor of the society.

1. Church Manual.

In December, 1870, Reverend Ezra H. Byington (University of Vermont, 1852) was invited to supply the pulpit, and on January 10, 1871, he received a quite unanimous call to settle. He accepted and has remained to the present time, but no formal settlement has yet occurred.

To this history of the church and society we add a brief notice of their Sabbath school.

The following sketch of the origin and early history of the Sabbath school is obtained from the church manual. The particulars were obtained from a private journal of the late Deacon John Perry, for many years an active and efficient member and officer of the church:--

"In the winter of 1811-12 an account of a Sabbath school in England, in a newspaper, suggested to Mr. Perry the idea of attempting the same agency for good in this community. He consulted the minister, Reverend Mr. Bailey, and President Appleton, about the expediency of such a movement and the proper method of conducting it. They favored the project, but were not informed of the way in which such schools were managed. They, however, thought that nothing but reading of a religious character should be allowed. To the inquiry whether small children, abecedarians, should be admitted, after deliberation of some days, they decided in favor of it, on the ground that unless such children were taught to read, they could never read the Scriptures. Mr. Perry then, May, 1812, gathered some eighteen of his own and neighbors' children in the red school-house, School Street, during the hour before morning service. After the hour was spent, most of his school accompanied him to the church. The school was opened by Scripture reading and prayer; lessons were recited in the Bible and primer. Those that could read, read in the Bible at least once, and the portion read he explained as he best could. That first season, closing in October, passed without an assistant or a visitor; and so his service of love continued until in 1816, Mr. David Starret, a student in college (1819), was secured as an assistant, and more interest was taken in this humble work. President Appleton exhibited decided interest in the movement. At his suggestion, several of the church and parish met in 1817 to consider its claims, and the first formal organization of a Sabbath school, as an element in the work of the church, was made. A superintendent was chosen, teachers. were appointed, wider interest awakened, and the institution permanently established."

According to another account with which we have been favored.

"the first school of this kind was opened early in 1816, in the cloth-room of the factory, by Mr. Jacob Abbott, Mr Bourne, and Mr. Edwards, the credit of suggesting it belonging to the former gentleman. Deacon John Perry and several other gentlemen were invited to act as teachers. As the cold weather came on, the school was moved to the school-house near Miss Narcissa Stone's, and David Starrett and a Mr. Vance were the teachers. After a while it was moved to the red school-house." The writer of the above was connected with this school from its formation until 1826, and says that if one was formed earlier it certainly died out, as there was none in town when this school was formed, in 1816.

The following is a list of the settled pastors of the church, and of the deacons and members prior to the present century:-


Reverend Robert Dunlap, 1747-1760; Reverend John Miller, 1762--1788; Reverend Ebenezer Coffin, 1794-1802; Reverend Winthrop Bailey, 1811-1814; Reverend Asa Mead, 1822-1829; Reverend George Eliashib Adams, 1829-1870; Reverend Ezra Byington, 1871.

Samuel Stanwood, David Dunning, Samuel Clark, Isaac Snow.


(This list of members is supposed to be quite imperfect, but it includes all the names which can be found in the records.)

LIST IN THE HANDWRITING OF REVEREND JOHN MILLER, WHO WAS ORDAINED NOVEMBER 3, 1762. - John Miller, pastor; John Orr, Mair Point; Samuel Stanwood, deacon; Ebenezer Stanwood, died July 18, 1772; Thomas Adams, recommended to the church in Scotland, July, 1765; William Ross; David Dunning, deacon; William Simpson; Samuel Clark, deacon; James Hewey; Robert Given; John Given; Thomas Skolfield; John Gatchell, Senior; Isaac Snow, deacon; Peter Coombs, died January, 1768; Peter Coombs, Junior; Aaron Hinkley; James Thompson, renounced the church; Alexander Thompson; James Curtis, received May, 1763; Samuel Whitney, deacon, dismissed to a church to be gathered at St. John's River, eastward; Reverend Robert Dunlap; Enoch Danforth, received May, 1763, from church in Arundel; Benjamin Stone; George Hayden, or Headon, or Haddean, received September, 1765; Joseph Snow, received September, 1765; William Wilson, received December, 1762;

Samuel Snow, son of Deacon S., received October, 1765; Robin Miller (colored man); Robert Dunning, received May, 1772; ----------- Allen; Andrew Dunning, deacon, received July, 1772; William Cotton; Daniel Browne, received July, 1772; Thomas Pennell, Susannah Orr; Hannah Moody, removed to Falmouth; Hannah Minot, Catherine Smart, removed to Penobscot; Jane Rutherford, removed to Georges, eastward; Eliza Stanwood, wife of William; Jane Stanwood ; John Smart;1 John Minot;2 Jane Duulap, wife of Reverend Robert; Mary Spear, wife of Robert; Elizabeth Ross, wife of William; Mary Dunning; Hannah Harward; Agnes Simpson, wife of William; Martha Clark, wife of Samuel; Anna Given; Mary Skolfield, wife of Thomas; Mary Snow, daughter of Deacon S., received October. 1765; Mary Whitney, wife of Deacon S. W., dismissed to St. John's River, October, 1765; Sarah Gray, received September, 1765; Dorothy Gray, received September. 1765; Thompson; Thompson; Hinkley; Ham; Elizabeth Hayden, wife of G., received September, 1762; Dorcas Danforth, wife of E., received May, 1763; Sarah Gray; Mary Snow; Sarah Dunning, wife of Robert, received July, 1772; Mary Hunt; Margaret Miller, wife of Reverend John; Elizabeth Dunning, wife of Andrew, received July 1772; Mrs. William Cotton, received July, 1772; Mrs. Daniel Browne, received July, 1772; Alice Pennell, wife of Thomas; died 1839; Sarah Cary. Total number of members, seventy-two.

The following names are found in a list of those admitted to the church during Mr. Miller's ministry, which are not found in the preceding one. This list is apparently also in Mr. Miller's handwriting.

Daniel Hunt, James Elliot, William Dunning, Ephraim Hunt, Samuel Dunlap, Joseph Morse, Joseph Haley, Janett Hunt, wife of Daniel, Ruth Elliot, wife of James: all received April 20, 1783.

A LIST OF MEMBERS WHO SIGNED A CHURCH DOCUMENT WHICH IS WITHOUT DATE, BUT IS AT LEAST AS LATE AS 1783, AS IT INCLUDES THREE NAMES ADMITTED IN 1783. -Judah Chase; Robert Dunning; William Stanwood; Samuel Stanwood, Junior; Samuel Stanwood, 3d; Lewis Simpson; Stephen Skolfield; William Woodside; Daniel Woodside, Junior; Anthony Woodside; David Dunning; David Dunning, Junior; Arthur Dunning; Samuel Stanwood; John Dunlap; William Stanwood, 2d; William Spear; Samuel Dunlap; John Swett; James Carey; William Stanwood, 3d.

1. Pejepscot Papers, 5, p. 311, et seq.
2. Ibid

In a list of church members during the ministry- of Reverend Ehenezer Coffin and subsequently, the following are not found in previous lists:--

William Owen; Patrick Kincaid, deacon, July, 1800; Tobias Still; James Curtis, deacon, removed to Lisbon; Mary Owen; Sarah Given; Martha Ross; Mrs. Eunice Harding: Mrs. Hannah Lunt, received August,1795; Jeremiah Minot, received August, 1796; Jane Dunlap, received August, 1796; Mrs. Goss, received May, 1801.

On account of the former connection of the First Parish with the town, an account is here inserted of the


The origin of the fund was this: The meeting-house, which was built in 1806, was built by individuals with the understanding that the pews should be sold at auction, and that all that was paid over the amount needed to reimburse the builders was to go to the parish as a ministerial fund, only the interest of which was to be available for parish purposes. This fund could be added to by donations and other-wise, but the principal was not to be used. In 1816 the overplus of the town Commons - one hundred and ninety-seven acres-was set off to the parish and was afterwards sold to Mr. John Given. The proceeds of the sale were added to this fund. This overplus of the Commons was the amount of land over the one thousand acres, which by the proprietor's deed of 1783 was to go to the First Parish. It was not the "ministerial lot" of one hundred acres laid out by the proprietors in 1741. What became of the proceeds of the sale of the latter, we do not know. It may have been expended in building the first two meeting-houses. It formed no part of the parish fund. This fund is said at one time to have amounted to $5,000 or more. At first it was loaned to individuals, and some of the loans were lost by the parties dying insolvent. Afterwards the trustees of the fund bought some thirty or more pews in the meeting-house, and loaned the balance of the funds to the parish. By bad management this fund has dwindled away, and nothing now remains but a small lot of land back of the church.


The first services in Brunswick by any preacher of the Baptist denomination were held in the year 1783. About this time Elders Case, Potter, and Lord preached here in some private houses, and though it is not known that they made any converts, the attention of

the people was thus drawn to their particular theological views. On October 21, 1783, Reverend Isaac Case arrived in town. The next afternoon he preached at the house of a Mr. Woodard, and on the afternoon of the following day, he preached at the house of Mr. Samuel Getchell.1

In 17892 or 1790,3 Samuel Woodard and others formed themselves into a Baptist Society and refused taxes to the First Parish. In May, 1790, Joseph Morse entered in the town records his protest against ever paying anything to any Congregational or Presbyterian preacher.

On June 20, 1794, Judah Chase, William Mariner, Aaron Snow, Samuel Mariner, John Getchell, John Mariner, Charles Cowan, Peter Jordan, Robert Jordan, Anthony Woodside, David Ferrin, John Ferrin, Robert Dunning, David Clark, Benjamin Getchell, Stephen Getchell, John Williams, George Williams, Philip Higgins, Reuben Higgins, Sylvanus Combs, Philip Higgins, Jr., Samuel Williams, William Thompson, Joseph O'Donehue, Joseph Morse, Richard Orr, William Stanwood, Samuel Dunlap, Daniel Brown, Philip Owens,4 Samuel Huey, Joseph Ross, John Mariner, Jr., Josiah Simpson, Michael Grows, Nathan Combs, George Winslow, Joseph Saint Combs, William Dunning, Samuel Woodward, Peter Woodward, William Gatchell, Jr., Ezekiel Spaulding, Ezekiel Spauldiug, Jr., John S. Gatchell, John Ridout, Samuel Gatchell, John Matthews, David Linscot, William Woodside, Jr., George Combs, and George Combs, Jr., were incorporated by the name of "THE BAPTIST RELIGIOUS SOCIETY IN BRUNSWICK, HARPSWELL, AND BATH."5 Previous to this time the society lead no legal existence.

In May, 1795, the town voted to pass by the fourth article in the warrant concerning allowing the Baptists to use the meeting-houses a part of the time.

The following is a list of the names of those who joined the Baptists in 1796:--

On March 4, David Whitney, Simeon Whitney, Samuel Bean, Joshua Purinton, Abraham Capelon, Lemuel Standish, Jonathan Osgood, Jr., Jonathan Osgood, Francis Winter, Benjamin Chefford, Charles Peterson, William Grace, John Grace, James Ward, Thomas Crawford, Thomas McKenny, Isaiah Crooker, Hannah Crooker, Elijah Williams, Thomas Williams, Jr.

1. Millett.

2. Greenleaf's Ecclesiastical sketches.
3. Pejepscot Papers
4. Said to have been the first person ever baptized by immersion in Brunswick.
5. Massachusetts Special Laws, 1, p. 529.

On March 10, William Swanton, Jr., John Lowell, Otis Little, Patrick Murray.

On March 12, Joseph West, James Wakefield.

> On March 14, John Whitmore, James Mitchell, Eliphalet Lowell, William S. Crooker, Samuel Lumber, Joseph Lumber, Birduck Berry, Thomas Mitchell.

On March 16, John McFarlan, John Eneos, Patrick Williams, Thomas Williams, John Williams, Joshua Williams, John Campbell, John Lemont, Stephen Combes, Stephen Combes, Jr., Thomas Combes, John Holbrook, John Sprague, Simeon Higgins, Jacob Low, James Low, Zedoc Lincoln, William Marshall, William Marshall, Jr.

On March 17, William Jackson, Edward Oliver, Christopher Daley.

On March 18, Samuel Davis, James Davidson, Samuel Todd, Simeon Tumor, Charles Lincoln, Jonathan Ryon, Benjamin Brown, Jr., Eliphalet Brown, David Coultson, Patrick Grace, Nathaniel Springot, John Sinclair.1

In 1798 the town voted "to allow the Baptist Society their extraordinary expense in the lawsuit between them and the other society in this town," which was to be in full of all demands. The object of this suit is nowhere stated, but the record of the Court of Common Pleas shows that at the October term of Court in 1795, "Samuel Woodward of Brunswick in the County of Cumberland, Clerk and Teacher of Piety, Religion and Morality," brought a suit against the inhabitants of Brunswick, one of whom was Thomas Thompson, a deputy sheriff, in a plea of the case that the inhabitants were indebted to the said Woodward in the sum of 10 17s. 6d. The plaintiff failed to recover, and costs were awarded to the defendants for nineteen dollars and eighty-six cents. The plaintiff appealed to a higher court. This was probably the lawsuit referred to, though we cannot be certain about the matter, since the original papers cannot be found. It is probable that there was an assessment of taxes made by the town, which was also the First Parish, upon property of some kind, to sustain preaching, and the suit was instituted by this society to obtain its share of the amount collected.

In 1799, Philip Owen, William Dunning, Daniel Brown, Judah Chase, Samuel Dunlap, Josiah Simpson, Anthony Woodside. Michael Grows, and Joseph Ross withdrew from this society and formed one at Maquoit.

1. Pejepscot Papers.

The meeting-house of the Brunswick, Harpswell, and Bath society was at New Meadows. The date of its erection, according to the inscription upon the present building, was about 1800. The records of this church are in existence, but we have not been able to procure the loan of them and are therefore unable to give any further account of it.


[1799.] A small number of persons having been led to embrace "Believers' Baptism," thought it might conduce to the glory of God and their comfort to be embodied together in church order. They therefore applied to the church in North Yarmouth and the church in Harpswell, of the Baptist order, for their assistance. Agreeably with this request the elders and messengers from those churches, together with Elder Williams, met at the Baptist meeting-house at Maquoit, on the second week in September, 1799. Elder Woodward preached a sermon in the forenoon on the nature of church order.

The brethren and sisters who met to be embodied were examined with regard to their articles of faith and covenant, and it appearing that they had adopted the same which is embraced by the Bowdoinham Association, a summary of which is printed in their minutes, the council decided to give them the hand of fellowship as a distinct Baptist church. The names of those thus embodied were, Judah Chase, Samuel Dunlap, William Stanwood, Sarah Woodside, Philip Owen, Mrs. Ross, wife of William Ross, and J. Merrill.

Mr. Merrill was dismissed from the Bowdoin church and the others from the Harpswell church in order to form this new church in Brunswick.

William Woodside was baptized, and then the church made choice of Samuel Dunlap as deacon.

Elder Williams having for some time preached to the Baptist society in Brunswick and in Topsham, they mutually requested him to remove his residence among them and preach for the two societies alternately. The invitation was accepted, and he moved with his family to Brunswick, January 24, 1800, preaching half the time for the Baptist society in Brunswick, and half for the Baptist society in Topsham.

On the fifteenth of April, 1800, an arrangement was made by which Elder Williams should preach for the ensuing year for the societies of Brunswick and Topsham, each society paying one hundred dollars for his services.

In April, 1801, Elder Williams was engaged to preach for the Brunswick society alone at a salary of two hundred dollars, and in April, 1802, he was engaged to supply the pulpit for another year. In the spring of 1803 he removed to Beverly, Massachusetts, haying preached his farewell discourse on the twenty-fourth of April. "After Elder Williams left us, a Brother Kendall providentially fell in here and preached for us."1

On the twenty-second of February, 1803, Philip Owen, William Dunning, Daniel Brown, Judah Chase, Samuel Dunlap, Josiah Simpson, Anthony Woodside, Michael Grows, Joseph Ross, Samuel Stanwood, William Woodside, Andrew Blake, Abraham Toothaker, William Starbird, David Curtis, James Stanwood, Adam Woodside, David Dunning, William Ross, Frederic French, Nathaniel Chase, James Chase, William Swett, Shimuel Owen, Abner Melcher, William Low, Charles Ryan, Ephraim Hunt, William Lunt, Andrew Dunning, William Hunt, Anthony Chase, Gideon Toothaker, John Given, David Given, and Uriah Elliot were incorporated as the BAPTIST SOCIETY IN BRUNSWICK.

The following is a list of the members of the church in 1803 Deacon Samuel Dunlap, Judah Chase, Philip Owen, John Merrill, Esquire, Wm. Woodside, Mrs. Sarah Woodside, Mrs. Ross, wife of Wm. Ross, Abraham Toothaker and his wife, Betsey Owen, Molly Toothaker, Jane Curtiss, Molly Merryman, Mr. Browning and Mrs. Browning, Elisha Snow, Jean Dunning, Betsey Alexander, Martha Hunt, Jane Martin, Mrs. Snow, wife of Elisha Snow, Mrs. Brown, wife of Daniel Brown, Sarah Alexander, Mrs. Sparks, Hitty Hasey, Abner Melcher, Nabby Atherton, Katharine Willson, Andrew Blake, Heziah Blake, Peggy Stanwood, Ann Chase, and Shinuel Owen.

On September 8, 1804, Elder Titcomb, of Portland, at the request of the church and society, agreed "to minister to them in holy things." This invitation was formally extended by the society on August 29, 1805, and was accepted by him on the first of the following September.

On June 2, 1821, Elder Titcomb was dismissed at his own request, and received a letter of recommendation to other churches. The church was destitute of a settled pastor for some time, but had occasional preaching from Elder Titcomb and others.

On January 23, 1822, Benjamin Titcomb, Jr., was ordained, the churches in Topsham, Portland, North Yarmouth, Bath, Harpswell, and Freeport assisting. On November l1 of the same year a committee

1. All of this account is from the church and parish records.

consisting of David Given, John O'Brien, and Ephraim Brown was chosen "to provide a suitable place in the village and also another at Maquoit,1 to meet in the winter for worship, and to take into consideration our present difficult situation in regard to making a selection of a teacher for the present year."

On the eleventh of March, 1824, it was voted that Elder Benjamin Titcomb continue his labors in the church as usual.

On the ninth of August of that year Shimuel Owen, a member of this church, was ordained as an evangelist. In November, a committee was appointed to ascertain the minds of the individual church members as to whether they were satisfied with the labors of Elder Titcomb.

It appears from the records that the church had been somewhat divided, and on the sixth of April, 1825, it was voted that "this church views with abhorrence and detestation their present state as a church, and feeling desirous to walk together in the faith and fellowship of the gospel, we do hereby unitedly agree to bury forever in oblivion all hardness which we may have felt or do now feel in our minds against any of our brethren or sisters, and that we will, with the help of the Divine Spirit, freely and voluntarily forgive all that may have trespassed against us." Up to this time the whole membership of the church was about one hundred and fifty.2

On the tenth of April the following members requested to be dismissed to form themselves into a church, or to join some other church, and the request was granted:--

Aaron Dunning, Philip Owen, Catharine H. Putnam, Mary Humphreys, Sarah Owen, Margaret Donahue, Elizabeth Gould, Nancy Swift, Elizabeth Dunning, Mary Blake, Mary Chase, Betsey Petingill, and Sarah Stanwood.

At the same meeting the church refused to grant permission to two of its members to withdraw and join the church of the Second Society, and a committee was chosen to prepare a statement of facts relative to the conduct of the other church since its formation.

On the twenty-sixth of June. 1826, a petition was addressed to Peter O. Alden, Esquire, a justice of the peace, requesting him to issue his warrant to one of the subscribers, directing him to call a meeting of those persons who were desirous of being incorporated into a religious society, to be called the FIRST BAPTIST RELIGIOUS SOCIETY OF BRUNSWICK.

1. There was no chimney in the Maquoit meeting-house, and there was therefore no way of heating it.
2. Millet.

In accordance with this petition, Esquire Alden issued his warrant to Ephraim Brown, directing him to call a meeting of the petitioners on the eighth day of July. 1826. At this meeting the society was organized by the choice of the following officers:--

John Brown, moderator; Jonathan Snow, clerk; David Given, John Brown, and Captain John Given, Jr., assessors; David Given, collector and treasurer; John Brown, David Given, Ephraim Brown. and Samuel Given, standing committee; Ephraim Brown. William H. Morse, William James, wardens ; Nathaniel Melcher, sexton.

This organization was virtually the same as that incorporated in 1803 as the "Baptist Society in Brunswick." Many of its members had withdrawn and had established themselves as a society in the village, called the "Second Baptist Society." It is quite probable that the officers of the old society were among those who seceded, and being thus left without an organization, the remaining members applied to a justice of the peace under the laws of Maine, for authority to reorganize under a slightly different name.

In July the society voted to raise two hundred dollars for the ensuing year.

On September, 1826, the churches of the First and Second Societies met to discuss their differences. The church of the First Society claimed that the other church had no right to admit as members those who were excluded from the former, until they had been restored to fellowship and regularly dismissed by it. The church of the Second Society claimed that they had a right to admit such members, so long as the other church had nothing against the Christian character of these individuals. No agreement was reached between the two. In November, Adam Wilson was invited to preach one half the time.

On January 8, 1827, it was voted to join in fellowship with the Second Church, which had acknowledged some irregularities in receiving members who were excluded from the First Church.

On February 23, Elder Benjamin Titcomb asked permission to preach to those of the society who resided in the village, or to hold meetings in that part of the town, and it was voted "that it is the opinion of this church that Elder Titcomb is at liberty to preach anywhere in this town where he views it to be his duty." In April some of the members of the old society complained that many members absented themselves and attended Mr. Titcomb's meeting in the village instead of their own.

It had been the practice for some years to hold the meetings of the society in the village in the winter, and at the old meeting-house at

Maquoit in the summer. This year, on June 1, the village members requested that the meetings might continue in the village through the summer, but it was voted not to do so. A few days later thirteen members petitioned for liberty to attend meeting in the village, as it would be more convenient for them, but their request was not granted. In October, Elder Titcomb asked a dismissal, which was granted him, and also to Mary, his wife, and to Elizabeth Titcomb, Ephraim Brown, and Rebecca, his wife, Thomas Stanwood and wife, Thomas Noyes, Joanna Moore, and Mary R. Dunlap; and on the third of November, Joshua Bishop, David Wilson, William Randall. Mary Perkins, Patience Bishop, James Wilson, Isabelle Merryman, and Ruth Skolfield, of Harpswell, were dismissed to form a church in that town.

On January 4, 1828, a resolution was passed that Elder Titcomb, Ephraim Brown, John O'Brien, and others, "having asked dismission for the purpose of uniting with some other church, and having joined the First Church at Bath, and under their patronage have established a meeting in the village while there is already one church of this faith there, causes us grief, and we feel in duty bound to express disfellowship with such a procedure."

During the summer of this year, thirty-eight were added to the church.

In consequence of the action of the First Baptist Church in Bath in sustaining the new movement in Brunswick village, a council was held February 29, 1829, to settle the difficulties between that church and the First Baptist Church in Brunswick, but the action of the council is not recorded. On May 31, however, the Bath church sent a confession of their wrong-doing in having set up a branch church in Brunswick without consultation with the churches already existing there. This action of the Bath church evidently reconciled this church to the formation of the new one in the village, for on October 11, Jonathan Snow and Thomas Ward were chosen delegates to assist in organizing the branch of the Bath church, known as the Federal Street Church, in Brunswick, into an independent church.

The pulpit of the Maquoit or First Baptist Church had been supplied during the past three years by Elders Samuel Mariner, Adam Wilson, Shimuel Owen, and Henry Randall. 1

On May 22, 1830, it was agreed to try to raise money by subscription for the support of the gospel.

On the twentieth of August, 1831, it was voted that

1. Millett.

Elder John Bailey, formerly of Wiscasset, take the pastoral care of the church. He resigned his pastorate in June, 1833.

Elder William Johnson became pastor of the church in 1836, and continued in that capacity until 1840. In July, 1836, Elder Noah Norton and wife were received by letter from the Baptist Church in Bowdoin. In 1838 the parish voted to raise by tax one hundred and fifty dollars for the ensuing year's expenses.

In April, 1840, it was voted to engage Elder Noah Norton, and to raise one hundred and fifty dollars by tax, and fifty dollars by subscription.

It was voted this year that all pew-owners should give up their pews, and that thereafter they should all be free.

On May 1, 1841, it was voted to build a new meeting-house, and that it should stand on the west side of the twelve-rod road, near the road leading to Harpswell; and Captain William Stanwood, Jonathan Snow, Jacob Skolfield, and William Stanwood, 2d, were chosen a building committee. Although there is nothing further upon the subject in the records, it is known that instead of building a new meeting-house, the one on Federal Street, belonging to the Universalists, was, about 1846, purchased and moved to a lot near the junction of the old Harpswell and Mair Point roads, and it was thereafter known as the "Forest Church."

From 1841 to 1845, Elder Norton was annually chosen preacher.

Elder Joseph Hutchinson was chosen pastor in 1848, and in 1852 was dismissed at his own request.

Meetings seem to have been held in the years 1853, 1858, and 1866, but there is no record of any settled pastor, or of any important transactions.

On May 19, 1867, Grenville M. Atkins was invited to become their pastor, and accepted the invitation. He was ordained June 13, 1867. He preached a few days over a year, resigning his charge on May 31, 1868. Since then there has been no settled pastor of this church.

The last entry in the records, is dated April 29, 1867, and is to the effect that the parish met on that day and reorganized, and voted "to raise all we can for the support of the gospel."

Connected with the history of this church is the following anecdote which is told of William Woodside. He became "converted" under the preaching of Elder Potter, and at one of the meetings related his "experience," and, as was the custom in those days, he had much to say derogatory of himself. He was in reality a very good man, but in his remarks he called himself a bad man, one who was wholly evil,

whose every act was wicked, and whose imaginations were all vain. When he sat down, a relative arose and with becoming gravity said that he could vouch for the truth of all William had said!


On Tuesday, May 5, 1825, a church was regularly constituted in this place, agreeably to the Baptist platform, by a council assembled for the purpose, under the title of the "Second Baptist Church in Brunswick." The council consisted of delegates from eight churches, who were unanimously agreed in giving the right hand of fellowship. The records of this church have not been found, and it is not positively known who were its members. It is probable, however, that Aaron Dunning, Philip Owen, Catharine H. Putnam, Mary Humphreys, Sarah Owen, Margaret Donahue, Elizabeth Gould, Nancy Swift, Elizabeth Dunning, Mary Blake, Mary Chase, Betsey Pettingill, Sarah Stanwood, Heman Pettingill, and Stanwood Dunning were among the first members. All of these persons were previously members of the First Baptist Church, and were dismissed from that church on the tenth of April of that year in order "to form themselves into a church, or to join some other church." The Second Baptist Society was not formed for a year later.

In 1826 a meeting-house was erected on School Street. Elder Shimuel Owen was pastor of this society from 1827 until it dissolved, in 1840. 1 The building was then sold to the Congregationalists, and has been used by them ever since as a vestry.


In 1828, Elder Benjamin Titcomb, Ephraim Brown, John O'Brien, and a few other members of the First Baptist Society, asked and received dismission from that church and united with the First Baptist Church of Bath, under whose patronage they established meetings in the village of Brunswick. Notwithstanding there was at the same time another Baptist society in the village (the Second Baptist), and notwithstanding the opposition made toward this new movement by the First Baptist Society, it was successful, and in 1829 it was organized as a church. In April, work was begun upon a meeting-house. and the building was completed on the twelfth of the following September. It was situated on Federal Street, at the corner of what is now Franklin Street.2 This church, it is said, was under the pastoral

1. Millet
2. It is now the Catholic Church.

care of Elder Titcomb during the whole period of its existence. It was dropped from the association of Baptist churches in 1839. No records of the church having been found, we are unable to give a more complete and accurate sketch.


In the early part of 1840 a very extensive revival took place in Topsham and Brunswick. In October, twenty-four persons from the church in Topsham, who resided in Brunswick, were organized into a church. The society was formed in the same year, and a meeting-house, containing seventy-five pews, was erected on Maine Street, a few rods north of Lincoln Street.1 The Reverend Paul S. Adams, from South Berwick, was the first pastor, from January 3, 1841, to 1843. He was succeeded by Reverend Dudley C. Haynes, whose pastorate lasted between two and three years.

Reverend John Hubbard, Jr., was chosen pastor January, 1846, at a salary of two hundred dollars per annum. His pastorate ended October 4, 1851. Reverend J. W. Coburn was pastor from March 15, 1852, until June 2, 1853; and in November of the latter year he was succeeded by the Reverend Charles Ayer, who remained until September 1, 1856. Reverend E. Andrews, an evangelist, then supplied the pulpit for a few months, and was succeeded by the Reverend James D. Reid, in October, 1857. In 1859, Reverend Charles Ayer again supplied the pulpit.

In June, 1860, the Reverend George Knox was installed as pastor of the society. In June, 186l, Mr. Knox was granted a leave of absence to act as chaplain of a Maine regiment, and Reverend S. W. Taylor was engaged to supply the pulpit during his absence. The former was discharged from his pastorate, at his own request, November 17, 1.361. He was afterward killed by a fall from his horse.

In 1862, Reverend T. J. B. House was chosen pastor, and remained with the society three years. In 1865, Reverend C. M. Herring was chosen pastor. During his pastorate a vestry was built and the meeting-house was repaired and remodelled.

Mr. Herring resigned his pastorate July 26, 1868, and was succeeded, the next spring, by Reverend S. W. Emerson, who remained but one year.

Reverend B. F. Lawrence became pastor in June, 1870, and

1. The present Baptist Church.

remained for four years. Reverend E. S. Small, the present pastor, began his pastorate February 20, 1876.

The foregoing sketch of this parish is made from notes furnished by the parish clerk. It is not so full as could be wished, but is as complete as possible from the notes furnished.


There has never been any organized society of Friends in Brunswick, but about 1772 several Quakers moved into town and settled not far from the line between Brunswick and Durham. Some of them had previously been living in Harpswell.1 Others joined them, and there are now a number of excellent people in the west end of the town who belong to this denomination. Their meeting-house is in the town of Durham, and they belong to the society of that town.


About 1793, Elder Pelatiah Tingley, of Waterboro', formerly of Sanford, began, with others, to hold religious meetings in Brunswick. These meetings were usually held at the house of William Alexander.2 About 1799 the FIRST FREE-WILL BAPTIST SOCIETY, or as it was sometimes called, the "CHRISTIAN CHURCH IN BRUNSWICK AND FREEPORT," was formed. The first church meeting was held at James Elliot's on October 23. The members were Obadiah Curtis, Adam Elliot, William Alexander, Anthony Morse, Joseph Ward, John Coombs, Susannah Morey, Hannah and Margaret Coombs.

In 1807 the records state that there was considerable contention in the church, but the cause thereof is not given. On August 27, of this year, the church numbered forty members. In 1809 there was a "considerable want of union and many backsliders."

In 1810 the church was more prosperous, and many converts were made. This year their meeting-house was built. It was a one-story building, and was situated near Noah Melcher's, on the old Freeport road. It was, it is said, the second meeting-house of this denomination in the State.

In 1813, on December 16th, Elder Adam Elliot, who had been settled about August, 1803, died, and the pulpit became vacant. In 1816, Elder George Lamb was settled. The whole number of members up to June 1, 1817, was one hundred and fifty.

On May 2, 1818, a division occurred in the church, on the question

1. Pejepscot Papers.
2. Stewart's Free-Will Baptists.

of washing of feet after the manner of the early disciples, and a few members withdrew because the rite was not observed.

On February 22, 1823, owing to the small number of members and the low state of interest existing, the society was declared dissolved. On January 17, 1826, the church was reorganized by a committee from the Quarterly Meeting. The first meeting after the reorganization was held on the fourth of February. On November 14, 1827, the Union Meeting-House at "Growstown" was finished, and the future meetings of this society were held in it.

In 1831, June 25, the church voted to use a bass-viol with their singing. A resolve to use no ardent spirits, except as a medicine, was passed at this meeting. On February 22, 1834, it was voted to deal with all church members who had taken the pledge of temperance and had violated it. Elder Lamb resigned his pastorate on September 25, 1835. He died in Brunswick, December 14, 1836, having served as pastor nineteen years. August 12, 1837. Elder Andrew Rollins was received as pastor of the church. The whole number of members, between 1826 and 1839, was one hundred and ninety-three.

On May 16, 1840, it was voted to increase Elder Rollins's salary from three hundred to three hundred and fifty dollars. February 20, 1841, it was voted to recognize singing as a means of worship, and to make regulations in regard to the same. On July 22, 1842, Amos Lunt, Amos Lunt, Jr., Thomas Coombs, George Cobb, and Phineas Collins were dismissed, to organize the Freeport and Brunswick Church. On June 30, Elder Ezra Crowell was ordained.

June 8, 1844, Elder E. G. Eaton was elected as pastor. He was dismissed February 12, 1847. During the latter year Elder E. F. Page officiated. On February 12, 1848, Elder Almon Libby was settled. He was dismissed February 14, 1852, and in May of that year Elder Rollins was again settled. The whole number of members up to 1851 was three hundred and sixty-eight, of which two hundred and twenty-five were females.

February 12, 1853, the church repealed the old covenant and adopted the New Testament as a covenant. On September 20, 1856, Elder D. Waterman was settled. In 1859, Elder Chaney was settled over the church, but his pastorate was a short one, as he resigned in the October following. On February 16, 1860, Elder Hutchinson was settled.

The FREE BAPTIST SOCIETY OF BRUNSWICK VILLAGE was originally composed of members of the church at Topsham who resided in Brunswick, and who, on account of the distance, resolved to form a church of their own.

The first sermon was delivered in McLellan Hall, by Reverend Doctor Graham. No step had at that time been taken to form a society, though the matter had been somewhat discussed. On the evening of October 25, 1865, five men met at the house of Mr. Ezekiel Thompson to form a society. Church officers were appointed to serve six months, and on the next Sabbath Reverend A. H. Heath, then of Bates College Theological School, was invited to preach at the Good Templars' Hall. The Sunday school was organized at the second meeting of the society, November 5, 1865. Mr. Heath continued to preach until the spring of 1876, when he returned to his studies at the Theological School, and Reverend E. C. B. Hallam, a returned missionary, was engaged to preach in his stead.

On the afternoon of April 12, 1866, a council of ministers met at McLellan Hall, --- to which place the society had moved its meetings,---to formally organize the church. Forty persons, including five converts, composed the society at this time. The council approved the course that had been taken, accepted the letters of recommendation that were presented, and extended the right hand of fellowship to the new society. Mr. Hallam was then installed as pastor. On the third of June following, the first communion service was held. Mr. Hallam was requested by the Missionary Board to return to India, and in consequence of his acquiescence, he was obliged to preach his farewell sermon on Sunday eve, November 11.

In 1867, Reverend S. D. Church was called to the pulpit, and preached for two years. During his pastorate eleven persons were received into the church. Reverend W. F. Smith commenced to preach to this society on August 22, 1869. The church at that time had sixty-five members and a growing congregation. Upon the completion of Lemont Hall, in 1870, the majority of the society desired to occupy it, and it was accordingly engaged for the Sabbath services. This change of place met with earnest opposition, however, from a few members, who refused to enter the new hall and withdrew their support to the society. Consequently, upon the eighth of June, nine persons, including both deacons, were excluded from church membership. During Mr. Smith's pastorate forty-three persons were added to the church by baptism or by letter.

On November 30, 1872, the resignation of Reverend Mr. Smith was accepted. He was succeeded by Reverend H. P. Lamprey, who preached for one year, then by Doctor Heath, of Hallowell. The time of the latter was divided between two churches and the practice of medicine.

In the early part of 1875, Reverend B. M. Edwards, the present pastor, was settled. The society had for some time desired a house of worship, and in 1874 a lot of land upon O'Brien Street was purchased for the site of one. In the autumn of 1875 the building was commenced. The vestry on the lower floor was finished before the middle of the following summer, and on the ninth of July, 1876, the first sermon in the new house was preached by Mr. Edwards. It was owing largely to the efforts of the pastor that the building was erected.

This church in its first years was unfortunate in losing many of its leading members by death, among whom were Deacon Dresser, Mr. Ezekiel Thompson, and Mrs. Smiley. "Aunt Smiley," as she was called, had prayer-meetings at her house for more than thirty years, and when this society was formed, their weekly prayer-meetings were held there until after her death. Mr. Thompson was elected a deacon after Mr. Dresser died, and served faithfully up to the time of his own decease. Deacon Dresser was one of the most active members in forming the society and was always zealous in its support.

A good degree of religious interest has always been kept up in this society, and the church shared largely in the revival work of the past winter. There are now one hundred and twenty-nine members. The Sunday school has been well supported, and there are now connected with it nine teachers and one hundred and thirty scholars.1


The records of the UNIVERSALIST SOCIETY, previous to its uniting with the Unitarians in 1850, having been lost or destroyed, a perfectly accurate history of the society is impossible. It is believed, however, that the following sketch is substantially correct, and it is as complete as could be made from the material at our disposal.

The first movement toward sustaining Universalist preaching here was made in the year 1812. The nature of that movement is best shown by the following agreement, the original of which is now in the possession of Mr. Harvey Stetson, son of the Harvey Stetson who is named in the agreement:--

"Brunswick, January 20th, 1812.

"We, whose names are here under written, Do Profess to believe in the Doctrine of Universal Salvation by our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ: And feeling it our Duty as well as our privilege and

1. For the particulars of the foregoing sketch, we are indebted to the pastor and to the parish clerk.

highest happiness to worship the one living and true God in Christ Jesus: Do hereby agree and enter into Solemn Covenant to assemble together as a Religious Society on the Sabbath as often as we can conveniently to worship the most high God: And that we will pay our proportion towards the expense of procuring a convenient place for convening together for publick and social Worship: and for the support of Publick Teachers of Piety, Religion and Christian Morality in Our Society:


They were incorporated in October of that year as the FIRST UNIVERSAL CHRISTIAN SOCIETY IN BRUNSWICK. Mr. Dean Swift is probably the only one of the signers of the foregoing paper who is now living.

Soon after this agreement was made, arrangements were made with the Reverend Thomas Barnes, of Norway, to preach here once a month. The meetings were held in Washington Hall. Mr. Barnes came here on Saturday, on horseback, and returned on Monday. After the cotton-mill was built, in 1812-13, he received a good part of his pay in cotton yarn, which he carried home in his saddle-bags. He preached here for, probably, a year and a half. Mr. Barnes was called the "Father of Universalism in Maine." He came to Maine from Massachusetts in 1799 as an itinerant preacher. He was ordained over the united societies of Norway, New Gloucester, Falmouth, and Gray, January 6, 1802. He died in Poland in 1814.

Reverend Jacob Wood, of Saco, succeeded Mr. Barnes, preaching here occasionally, but for how long a time is uncertain. Probably

other itinerants visited the place from time to time. In 1826, Reverend Sylvanus Cobb1 preached here several Sabbaths.

On the twenty-seventh of January, 1827, Major Burt Townsend,2 Captain Roger Merrill,2 Captain Joseph McLellan,2 Thomas Taylor,2 Colonel Andrew Dennison,2 Joshua Lufkin,2 Harvey Stetson,2 James Derby,2 A. C. Raymond, Joseph Lunt, John L. Swift, and others whose names we cannot ascertain, formed a society under the name of THE UNIVERSALIST SOCIETY OF BRUNSWICK AND TOPSHAM.

Arrangements were at once made with Reverend Mr. Cobb to preach once in three or four weeks. The meetings were held in Washington Hall. This engagement continued until February, 1828 (about one year), when it terminated.

In April of that year Reverend Seth Stetson (Father Stetson, as he was called in later years) came East on a missionary tour. and preached here, for the first time, on Thursday evening, April 17, 1828. On the following Sunday, as he says in his diary, he "preached in a large hall to a good number of men." The next day he went to Topsham, where he was the guest of Major William Frost, and in the evening he preached in the court-house. From Topsham he went to Bowdoinham and other places in the vicinity, and soon after returned to Boston, where he then resided.

About the first of June following, he received an invitation to remove to Brunswick, and preach in the three towns of Brunswick, Bath, and Bowdoinham. alternately. He accepted the invitation, and on the twenty-second of June, 1828, he preached in Brunswick, and continued to preach there every third Sabbath until May 10, 1829, when his engagement closed.

A meeting-house for this parish was erected in 1829. It was situated on Federal Street. directly opposite the present high-school building. Reverend Mr. Stetson was invited to preach in the new meeting-House during the winter, for which he received eight dollars a Sabbath. After the twenty-first of February, 1830, he preached a few Sabbaths for what he could get, a collection being taken up each Sabbath. The amount collected being too small for his necessities, he gave up the field and went on a missionary tour, and in May following removed with his family to Buckfield.

1. He was afterwards settled at Malden, Massachusetts, where he died. He was a prominent clergyman in the denomination.
2. Deceased.

From this time until 1835 the Universalists were without preaching, and their meeting-house was occupied by the


On the eleventh of December, 1829, a meeting of Unitarians was held, and it was decided to form a society for the establishment and maintenance of Unitarian preaching in Brunswick. The organization was effected on the third day of January, 1830, under the title of THE SECOND CONGREGATIONAL SOCIETY OF BRUNSWICK,1 and was composed of twenty-three members, all of whom were avowed Unitarians. No records having been kept, we are unable to give a complete list of the members. Among them, however, were the following: Benjamin Weld, Charles Weld, Governor Dunlap, Professor Henry W. Longfellow, Ebenezer Everett, John Coburn, John S. Cushing, Humphrey Purinton, and Major William Frost.

A subscription paper was soon after circulated to raise funds to support preaching. This list numbered fifty-five, and included some Universalists who sympathized with the Unitarians, and were willing to aid in support of Unitarian preaching.

The Universalists gave the use of their meeting-house, and in June, 1830, the first Unitarian sermon was preached in Brunswick. Reverend Andrew Bigelow was the preacher.

From June, 1830, to June, 1835, there was regular Unitarian preaching, but there was not any of this time a settled minister. Of those who supplied the pulpit, Mr. Wiswell remained the longest.2 He preached here from 1832 to 1834,--- a little more than two years.

The other ministers supplied for a longer or shorter time, varying from two to ten or twelve Sundays each. The meetings were well attended, the building being generally well filled, but seldom or never crowded. Professor Longfellow conducted a Bible class for several years, which was largely attended, and which is spoken of by members of the class as having been exceedingly interesting and instructive.

1. This society had, however no legal existence.
2. The ministers supplying the pulpit after Mr. Bigelow, were: H. Edes, Allen Put-nam, Caleb Stetson, William Newell, John H. Williams, Alonzo Hill, Sidney Willard. A. B. Muzzey, John Goldsbury, William D. Wiswell, William A. Whitwell, Jabez Whitman, R. A. Johnson, A. Davis, and Charles A. Farley.

A part of the congregation was composed of Topsham people, and after a time the meetings alternated between Brunswick and Topsham to accommodate them. Finally it was agreed between the Universalists and Unitarians that the former should maintain preaching in Brunswick and the latter in Topsham. (See sketch of Unitarian society of Topsham.) In 1835 the


Made a third engagement with Reverend Seth Stetson to supply their pulpits. Accordingly he again removed to Brunswick with his family, and ever after resided here. His engagement began on the twenty-eighth of June, 1835, and ended on the twenty-eighth of February, 1836.

Early in June, 1836, Reverend Stephen A. Sneathen came here from Massachusetts, and preached occasionally during the months of June, July, and August. Reverend G. M. Quinby, then settled at Yarmouth, also preached here occasionally during the same period. On the tenth of August, in this year, Mr. Sneathen entered into an engagement to preach every other Sabbath, a part of the time in Topsham. This arrangement was continued during the remainder of the year. On the twenty-fifth of January, 1837, Mr. Sneathen was ordained, and became the first settled minister of the society. He was a young man, physically a cripple, but said to be a speaker of more than ordinary ability. His pastorate ended in the spring of 1838.

Mr. Sneathen was succeeded by Reverend Sidney Turner, whose pastorate commenced in June or July, 1838, and lasted until about the first of September, 1840. Father Stetson says of him in his diary, "He was a young Congregational minister who turned Universalist, but after a year or two he turned back again. He married a minister's widow in Bingham, where be was settled in 1849"

In October, 1840, "Father" Stetson began his fourth and last engagement, preaching every other Sunday until April, 1842.

He was succeeded by Reverend Giles Bailey,1 who began a supply of the pulpit in April, 1842. In July he removed here from Winthrop, the place of his first pastorate, and where he

1. Now pastor of the Universalist Church in Reading, Pennsylvania, and to whom we are indebted for many of the facts contained in this sketch.

was ordained. He preached regularly during the year, but was not formally installed until January 7, 1843. The installation sermon was preached by Reverend Mr. Gardiner, of Waterville. The pastorate of Mr. Bailey continued until September, 1848, when he resigned to enter upon the duties of the missionary agency of the Maine Universalist Convention. The society was, during the pastorate of Mr. Bailey, in its most flourishing condition. The officers of the society at that time were Colonel Andrew Dennison, and Anthony Raymond (or "Father" Raymond, as he was called), deacons; Isaac Center, clerk; Nathaniel Badger, collector and treasurer. During this pastorate the Mason Street Church was built. It was dedicated in December, 1846.

After the resignation of Mr. Bailey the church was without a pastor for several months. Early in the year 1849, Reverend W. C. George was called to the charge. He remained only a year, when the society was again without a pastor.

The Universalist Society of Brunswick and the Unitarian Society of Topsham were both at this time in a feeble condition, the result chiefly of deaths and removals. It was therefore proposed to unite the two societies in one organization, to be known as


The necessary arrangements were made, and went into effect on the first Sunday in November, 1850. Reverend Amos D. Wheeler, of Topsham, Unitarian, was the pastor.

There was a debt of one thousand dollars upon the house, six hundred dollars of which was procured by the pastor from prominent Unitarians in Boston, and the balance was paid by individual subscriptions in the society.

The engagement of Reverend Doctor Wheeler was for five years only, and the salary was to be raised in equal proportions by the members of the society from the two towns. Doctor Wheeler's engagement was renewed from time to time, so that his services were not discontinued until October 1, 1865, at which time he delivered his farewell discourse, having been appointed by the American Unitarian Association to act in a missionary capacity in the State of Maine.

During Doctor Wheeler's pastorate the ladies of this society formed an association, the object of which was:-

"First, the promotion of kind, social, Christian intercourse and

feeling among its members and generally throughout the society with which it is connected; and secondly, to aid in the accomplishment of any religious or benevolent purpose from its funds or otherwise as a majority of its members may determine."

Doctor Wheeler was succeeded by Reverend William Ellery Copeland, who was ordained on Thursday, July 26, 1866. The services were as follows:--

Introductory prayer, by Reverend Casneau Palfrey, D. D., of Belfast; reading of Scripture, by Reverend John Nichols, of Saco; anthem, by choir; sermon, by Reverend George Putnam, D. D., of Roxbury, Massachusetts; hymn; ordaining prayer, by Reverend A. D. Wheeler, D. D; charge, by Reverend Edward E. Hale, of Boston; right hand of fellowship, by Reverend Charles C Salter, of West Cambridge, Massachusetts; address to the people, by Reverend Charles C. Everett, of Bangor; hymn; benediction, by the pastor.

Mr. Copeland, like his predecessor, was a Unitarian in his views. The society, however, owing to the various causes which usually com-bine to weaken any religious association, became gradually feeble, and as it became so, the Universalist element preponderated. Mr. Copeland gave good satisfaction while pastor, though he laid himself open to the objection that was made, that he cared more for the temperance cause than he did for the success of this church. He resigned his charge in 1869, and in 1870 Reverend William R. French, a Universalist, was chosen to fill his place, and continued as pastor of the society until 1875, when he resigned. During his pastorate Mr. French labored faithfully and well for the interests of the society. Since his resignation no regular services have been held by either the Universalists or Unitarians.


This society was legally organized on the fifth day of August, 1874. The incorporators numbered fifty-three. Stephen J. Young, W. B. Purinton, A. G. Poland, Emeline Weld, and Harriet Tebbets were elected a standing committee; Henry W. Wheeler, clerk; A. V. Metcalf, treasurer; Humphrey Purinton, collector; H. P. Thompson and Alonzo Day, assessors.

A code of by-laws was adopted and a committee chosen to present, at some future time, plans for a chapel suitable for the accommodation of the society, and to take measures to secure a suitable lot.

In March, 1875, a lot was purchased on the corner of Federal and Pearl Streets for $1,500, the amount having been subscribed by members of the society. The society has not yet erected a church edifice, but the organization is maintained.


The first Methodist preaching in Brunswick, of which we have any account, was in the year 1821. At that time Melville B. Cox, while laboring on a circuit approaching within eight miles of this place, came here and, securing the use of the school-house near the colleges, commenced a course of Sunday-evening lectures. His devout appearance and the pathos of his words interested his hearers and soon drew a considerable congregation, among whom were many students. One family in the place kindly opened their doors for his entertainment. After he had continued his appointment for some time, he came one Sabbath evening, wearied with the labors of the day and a long ride, from his place of preaching during the day, and called at the house of his host. He saw no signs of any one in the house, and knocked at the door several times, when at length the man came to the door and said that he was very sorry to inform him that he must turn him away from his house or be turned away himself. The preacher repaired to the place of meeting without a supper, preached his last sermon in Brunswick, and then rode eight miles to find a lodging; such was the opposition at that time against the Methodists.

In the latter part of 1828, or early in 1829, Reverend William H. Norris, then stationed at Bath, preached a few times in this place, after which meetings were held occasionally by local preachers from Bath. At the Maine Annual Conference, held in July, 1829, Reverend Benjamin Bryant was appointed to the Bath circuit, including the upper part of Bath, New Meadows, and Brunswick. He spent a few Sabbaths in this village and formed a "class" of five members, namely, Mrs. Snowden, Miss Jane Blake, Miss Eunice McLellan, Miss Margaret Todd, and Miss Maria Walker. The last two are still living.

The encouragement was so small that the place was abandoned, and at the succeeding Conference the circuit was merged in the Bath station.

Soon after the above-mentioned class was formed, two Methodist students entered Bowdoin College (in 1828 and 1829). One of these, John Johnston (afterwards Professor of Natural Science

in Wesleyan University), manifested a firm attachment to Methodism and cordially identified himself with the humble society at Brunswick. The other, Charles Adams, was a licensed preacher, and preached in the neighborhood of Brunswick as occasion offered during his college course. Under his direction the small class increased in numbers, strengthened by occasional recruits from the college students.

In the fall of 1833 the class consisted of about fourteen persons, of whom five were students in college.

In the winter of 1834 an arrangement was made with a number of preachers in neighboring towns to supply preaching one half the time on the Sabbath, until the session of the Conference in the following July. The preaching was gratuitous, the society paying the travelling expenses of the minister.

At this Conference (1834) an application was made for a preacher to be supported in part by funds of the Missionary Society. But the condition of the funds would not allow such an appropriation. The services of Reverend James Warren, a very acceptable local preacher, were obtained one half of the time. The request for a preacher was renewed the next year, 1835, and Mr. Warren was appointed to Bowdoinham and Brunswick circuit. In consequence. of ill-health, Mr. Warren retired from the circuit in two or three months, and Asahel Moore, who had just graduated at Bowdoin College, and who had always been warmly interested in the society, was engaged to take charge of it and visit it once in two or three weeks, being then engaged in teaching school at Gardiner. Early in the spring of 1836 he closed his school and devoted his whole time to the society in Brunswick. At this time there were about forty members in the society, including seven college students.

These meetings were held on the Sabbath in the Congregational conference-room, or in the Universalist meeting-house, which was hired for this purpose.

On the sixteenth of April, 1836, Eliphalet S. Bryant, Daniel Smith, Charles Evans, Rufus Rich, Ebenezer Stockbridge, and Albert Merrill requested Moses E. Woodman, Esquire, a justice of the peace, to issue a warrant to one of the applicants, directing him to call a meeting of the applicants for the purpose of organizing a religious society or parish, by the name of the Methodist Episcopal Society, in Brunswick. The warrrant was issued, and on the twenty-fifth of April the applicants referred to met at the Baptist Meeting-House on Federal Street, and after appointing Asahel Moore,

Sandford K. Ballard, Stephen M. Vail, and Samuel G. Lane to be their associates, organized by the choice of Sanford K. Ballard, chairman, and Stephen M. Vail, clerk. A constitution was then adopted, and a board of trustees was elected, consisting of Honorable Allen F. Cobb, of Durham, John Wilkinson, of Bath, Ebenezer Moore, of Gardiner, John Moore, of Gardiner, Eliphalet Bryant, of Brunswick, Ephraim Sturdivant, of Cumberland, and Samuel G. Lane, of Brunswick.

In September following, the meeting-house on the east side of Federal Street, called the "Baptist Branch Meeting-house," previously occupied by the society of which Reverend Mr. Titcomb was pastor, was bought by the trustees of the Methodist Episcopal Society for the sum of $1,900, and the lot upon which the building stood was purchased for fifty dollars additional. In payment the trustees gave notes payable at the expiration of one year. Something more than one half the amount was paid during the year, and new notes were given for the balance.

On the tenth of January, 1838, the house was paid for, and on the seventeenth of April following the society was entirely free from debt. The whole pecuniary responsibility in the purchase of the meeting-house was assumed by Mr. Sturdivant. Some help was received from abroad, but in order to relieve Mr. Sturdivant from his heavy burden the parsonage (which had been built mostly by the generosity of Thomas Knowlton) was deeded to him, and the debt due to him mostly paid.

At the annual Conference, held in August, 1836, the Reverend Mark Trafton was appointed to Brunswick. He remained with the society about three months, and left in the apprehension that he could not receive a support. The society was thus thrown into great discouragement. In this emergency the pulpit was supplied by Isaiah McMahon, a student in college.

In 1837, Reverend C. P. Bragdon took charge of the society. His labors were quite successful, and a considerable number were added to the church. From 1838 to 1840, Reverend C. C. Cone was the preacher in charge. His labors were quite successful, and the society was increased from seventy-five to one hundred and twenty-seven. He was succeeded by Reverend A. P. Hillman. During the two years' appointment of this preacher the society was reduced to ninety-three members. No cause for this diminution of membership is given in the society's records.

In the year 1841, Reverend Asahel Moore was appointed to

Brunswick. The society was laboring under great embarrassment from its feebleness, but was considerably improved under the labors of Mr. Moore, there being one hundred and fifteen members at the close of his two years' labor.

Reverend Cornelius Stone was the preacher in charge in 1844. A few conversions occurred during the year, but the number of deaths and removals was more than sufficient to offset the gain.

In 1845, Reverend Daniel Fuller was appointed to Brunswick. During the second year of his labors his health broke down and he did not long survive. His last sermon was preached in January, 1857, his subject being the Eternal World. He was a good preacher and a faithful pastor.

His successor, Reverend John W. True, was appointed at the Conference held in Saco the same year. The church at this time was much enfeebled by removals and in consequence of being deprived of their pastor most of the year. The pastor was considerably interrupted in his work by sickness and other embarrassments, and the society hardly held its own during these two years.

During the year 1849 the society was without a preacher.

In the spring of 1850 the society raised the sum of two hundred dollars and repaired the meeting-house. Reverend Ezekiel Robinson was the preacher in charge.

Reverend Charles Munger was pastor in 1851-2, and Reverend Joseph Hawkes in 1853.

Reverend J. C. Perry was appointed to Brunswick in 1854, and a considerable revival occurred during the year.

In 1855, Reverend Parker Jaques was the preacher.

In 1856-59, Reverend Charles W. Morse spent three years and ten months at Brunswick with varied success.

From 1845 till 1854 Brunswick was a missionary station. There was no appropriation subsequent to that time. Mr. Morse was retired from active duties, but, on account of the protracted sickness of his wife, he had charge for the fourth year at Brunswick.

In 1860 and 1861 no material change occurred in the condition of the society. Reverend John Cobb was pastor.

In 1862-3, Reverend Josiah H. Newhall was preacher in charge. During the second year there was considerable religious excitement in the village, caused by the labors of the revivalist, Reverend Mr. Hammond, and a considerable revival occurred in the Methodist Society. Mr. Newhall was a fine scholar, a native of Lynn, and a graduate of Wesleyan University. He died suddenly of paralysis in 1866.

In 1864, Reverend W. W. Baldwin, an energetic young man, was preacher in charge and had considerable success. The following year he went to Montana as a missionary.

Reverend John B. Lapham was appointed to Brunswick in 1865 and 1867. Under his labors there was considerable revival and accession to the strength of the society. In 1866 the old meeting-house was sold and the present one erected. In 1868 furniture for a parsonage was purchased. and a new communion service was bought.

Reverend Stephen Allen was preacher in charge for two years, 1867 to 1869. Under his pastorate there was a gratifying gain in membership, and he left his charge with good prospects for the future. Mr. Allen was a graduate of Bowdoin College, class of 1835. He is a fine scholar, an interesting preacher, and is one of the leading men in the denomination. He was succeeded by Reverend James McMillan, who had charge of the parish for three years, 1869 to 1872. There was an extensive revival during his second year, resulting in large additions to the church.

Reverend H. C. Sheldon, a graduate of Yale College and a ripe scholar, succeeded Mr. McMillan, remaining here two years, 1872 to 1874. He is now a professor in the Boston University. He was succeeded, in 1874, by Reverend C. W. Morse, who was also pastor here from 1856 to 1859, and who has won the sincere respect, not only of the members of his parish, but of the citizens of the town generally.

Reverend W. S. Jones is the present pastor.


The first Episcopalian service ever held in Brunswick was held in the college chapel in 1842. The Reverend J. Cook Richmond, on his way from Gardiner to Portland, was obliged to stop over night at Brunswick. Wishing to improve the opportunity to present the services of the church to the people of the town and the students of the college, he asked the consent of the Congregational minister to such a service, which he failed to receive. He then appealed to the president of the college (Doctor Woods), who said to him, "There is one place in this town over which I have control, and you can hold a service in the college chapel." Timely notice was given, and at half past seven in the evening a large congregation was gathered to hear (many of them for the first time) the evening service of the Prayer-Book. Mr. Richmond then preached and held the attention of his hearers for nearly two hours.

This was the first step towards introducing the services of the

church here, and doubtless suggested and encouraged the idea of the permanent establishment of a parish. The next service of the church was held in the Congregational vestry on School Street, by the Right Reverend J. E. K. Henshaw, Bishop of Rhode Island and Provisional Bishop of Maine, on his first visitation to this State, in October, 1843. He was accompanied by the Reverend Messrs. James Pratt of Portland, and Thomas F. Fales of Rhode Island, and after evening prayer "preached to a respectable and attentive audience." Mr. Fales afterwards returned as a missionary, and on the fifth of November, 1843, being Sunday, he began regular services in what was then known as the Pleasant Street Seminary, nearly opposite the present Methodist Church, but which has since been removed to Maine Street, and is now used for business purposes.

Mr. Fales thus became the first rector of this parish. He was educated for the ministry at the General Theological Seminary in New York City ; was ordained deacon by Bishop Griswold in Rhode Island, July 22, 1810, and priest by the same bishop in 1841; and on the same day of the same month, July 21, he received the degree of B. A. from Bristol College, Pennsylvania, and M. A. from the University of New York.

Mr. Fales continued to hold meetings in the school-house from November, 1840, until the completion of the church in July, 1845. There was at first considerable opposition to the establishment of this church, but it soon passed away. This parish has from the first been a mission, supported mainly by the "General Board " and by the "Diocesan Board of Missions." Up to 1848 no contribution had been made by the parish towards the support of the, rector, and then it only amounted to a small sum. At the time Mr. Fales's labors began, the number of Episcopalians was very small. There were only three communicants, Daniel R. Goodwin, Mary R. Goodwin, and Isabella McDoagal.

The families of Professor Goodwin, of the college, and of Mr. Samuel Harris, of Topsham, were the only entire households which identified themselves with the church. Five or six of the students were Churchmen. The attendance on the services, however, increased, and on the eighth of January, 1844, a parish was duly organized according to the laws of the State. There were seven original members, namely, Professor D. R. Goodwin, Joseph Badger, Samuel Harris, George Earle, John 0. B. Dunning, Ebenezer M. Johnson, and Samuel Dunning.

The first officers elected were, for wardens, D. R. Goodwin and

Joseph W. Sargent; for vestrymen, Abner B. Thompson, Joseph Badger, George Earle, Samuel Dunning, John O. B. Dunning, Ebenezer M. Johnson, and Samuel Harris.

It was then voted that the parish assume the name of St. Paul's, and that the Reverend T. F. Fales be invited to settle as rector of the church. The invitation was accepted on the twelfth day of February, 1844.

From the very organization of the parish, the Ladies' Society has been most faithful and most efficient in raising and supplying all that was needed. Nothing except the improvements made by Mr. Taylor has been done without them. In fact, if it had not been for the self-sacrificing labors of the ladies of the parish, it might never have lived for thirty years. In 1845 they furnished the church with the reading-desk and pulpit, altar and chairs. In 1848, chiefly through their exertions, an organ was procured and placed in the gallery. Previously stringed instruments were used.

The communion set used from the first till now was presented by Mrs. Griswold of the "Eastern Diocese," as it was called. The stone font was given in 1861 by a number of persons, chiefly graduates of Bowdoin College. The organ was removed from the gallery to the east transept in 1867, and was replaced by a new one in September, 1873.

There have been six rectors. The Reverend Thomas F. Fales, the first, remained here just six years. He has since been rector of Christ Church, Waltham, Mass.

The Reverend Andrew Croswell was here three years and five months. He now resides in Cambridge, Mass.

The Reverend Professor D. R. Goodwin supplied services for six months, when there was a vacancy for ten months with only occasional lay-reading.

The Reverend William Stone Chadwell was the third rector, and remained here three years and eight months. He is now rector of Grace Church, Brooklyn, Long Island, New York.

The Reverend Edward Ballard immediately succeeded him, and was rector of the parish for twelve years and seven months (See Biographical Sketch.)

After a vacancy of six months. during which time there were occasional services, Reverend Joseph Pemberton Taylor entered on the charge of the parish, and remained here two years and four months. He was immediately succeeded by Reverend Frederick S. Sill, M. A., and is now residing in Camden, New Jersey.

Reverend Mr. Sill was succeeded by Reverend H. P. Nichols, who was ordained to the priesthood, May 27, 1877.

In this parish, since its formation, one hundred and thirty individuals have been baptized, eighty-three confirmed, sixty-three buried, and thirty married. The present number of communicants is about twenty-nine; of individuals, about seventy-five.


The formation of a society of believers in the doctrines of the Church of Rome was begun in this town about 1860, or a short time previously. Services were at first performed by the priest stationed at Bath. The society, however, gradually increased in numbers, and in 1866 purchased their present church building on Federal Street, of the Methodist Society, and Father Powers was soon after sent to them. This society is now, numerically, by far the largest in town. About five sixths of the congregation are French Canadians. They number about eight hundred. The present priest, Father Noiseux, is a French Canadian.


In 1873, Mr. Charles Hill, agent of the Brunswick Bible Society, canvassed the town and collected statistics relative to the number of church-goers, etc. The following is a summary of his report, and shows the religious views of the citizens as well as such a canvass can, but it is not, probably, absolutely correct.

Number attending church (nominally)3,056
 " not attending church1,001
 " children attending Sabbath school794
 " children not attending Sabbath schools122
 " Catholics (French 477; Irish 131; colored, 59)667
 " Protestants2,389
 " Congregationalists (Orthodox)598
 " Free Baptists574
 " Methodists361
 " Baptists306
 " Friends159
 " Universalists151
 " Adventists82
 " Unitarians61
 " Episcopalians56
 " For Union of Churches39
 " Spiritualists2

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