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PART II, CHAPTER 2.
|To Captain Dunlap||£6||8s.||0d.|
|" Captain Thompson||4||4||0|
|" Lieutenant Berry||1||4||0|
|" Mr. John Dunning||2||14||0|
The sum of three pounds was also voted to Jacob Anderson for services in carrying shirts, shoes, and stockings to Portland.
At a special meeting in August, the town voted its approval of the transactions of the convention held at Concord on the fourteenth of July preceding. The object of that convention was to establish a State price-current, and to adopt other measures to prevent monopoly, extortion, and unfair dealing, and spirited resolutions were passed, fixing the prices of several articles of merchandise.1
Aaron Hinkley, William Stanwood, Thomas Skolfield, Joseph Curtis, and Deacon Stanwood were chosen a committee "to set the prices on the articles in the town and carry the resolution into effect." They were also directed to inform the committee of the town of Boston concerning the action taken in this matter by Brunswick.
At a meeting on the ninth of November, an account of the proceedings of the convention held at Concord in the previous month was read, and it was thereupon unanimously voted, "to stand by the proceedings of said convention," and Aaron Hinkley, Deacon Stanwood, Thomas Skolfield, Captain Curtis, and Captain William Stanwood were elected a committee "to see said resolutions put into execution." The convention referred to was held at Concord on the sixth of October, at which a revision of the price-current adopted at the July convention was made, and resolutions were passed relating to trade, currency, etc. County and town meetings were recommended to carry these resolutions into effect.1
[1780.] At the annual meeting in March, 1780, the following appropriations were voted: The sum of $4,050 for highways, and to pay out of this thirty dollars per day for the labor of each man, twenty-five dollars for each pair of oxen, and five dollars for each cart, £12 to William Spear for his services for two years as sexton of the west meeting-house, and twenty-five dollars per day as compensation to the selectmen, "they to find themselves and paper."
The town at this time elected Brigadier Thompson as its agent to the General Court, in conformity with a resolve of that body, passed December 4, 1779.
At a meeting held May 15th, the town postponed voting in regard to a change of the State Constitution until the next meeting. Probably the next meeting of the town occurred too late for the vote of Brunswick to have any effect, since no vote of the kind was recorded at any subsequent meeting this year.
About this time. a circular letter was received from Jere Powell, President of the General Assembly of Massachusetts Bay, desiring, in urgent terms, the town to furnish its proportion of blankets needed for the army at once,2 as called for, amongst other things, by a resolve of that body passed the previous year.
The town accordingly voted to furnish the blankets and other articles and "to allow for each pair of good shoes, such as the agent will receive so much of the present currency as will purchase seven
At a meeting held September 4th, the town cast its first vote for governor of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, lieutenant-governor, and senator. Whom the town voted for as governor is not mentioned, but undoubtedly it was John Hancock. Honorable Samuel Adams received a majority of eleven votes as lieutenant-governor, and John Lewis, Esquire, fourteen votes as senator. Honorable James Bowdoin received three votes as lieutenant-governor.
At a meeting in October, Brigadier Thompson, Doctor Dunken, and John Given were chosen as a committee to procure the beef which had been demanded by the General Court for the supply of the army. They were instructed that, if they were unable to procure the whole amount, they should, with the selectmen, make known to the General Court the reasons why they were unable to furnish all, and were authorized to make up the deficiency in the amount, in money. The selectmen were instructed to assess sufficient to cover the amount paid out by this committee.
[1781.] At the annual meeting in March, 1781, the selectmen were directed to inform the General Court that the resolve of December 4, 1780, concerning beef, was not received in season for the town to comply with its requirements.
At a meeting held on the nineteenth of July , the town voted to comply with the last requisition of the General Court, in regard to furnishing beef for the army, and to raise £204, cash, to procure the beef. A committee was also chosen to obtain the beef.
At a meeting held on the twenty-fifth of December, Samuel Stanwood, Captain William Stanwood, Jr., William Woodside, Aaron Hinkley, Doctor Samuel Dunken, and Captain James Curtis were chosen a committee to prepare a petition to the General Court, "concerning our present circumstances and our inability of paying our taxes in specie, and to lay the petition before our March meeting, for approbation or amendment."
[1782.] The above-mentioned petition was presented to the town at its annual meeting in March, 1782, and adopted. At this meeting Samuel Woodward, Jacob Anderson, and Samuel Stanwood, Jr., were chosen a Committee of Correspondence, Inspection, and Safety. This was the last time such a committee was raised by the town.
At a meeting in June, it was voted that "the several classes in
this town procure the three men called for by the General Court without delay." To promote the enlistment of soldiers, the town was divided into districts, which are designated above as "classes."
Wolves must have become very troublesome at this time, for the town, at this meeting, offered a bounty of 20s. for each and every grown wolf killed within its limits, and 40s. to every person who would make pits or traps for their destruction.
On January 2, 1783, the following petition to have the town excused from paying a fine, for not furnishing the three men called for in 1782, was presented to the legislature by a committee of the town:-
"TO THE HONOURABLE THE SENATE & HONOURABLE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES OF THE COMMONWEALTH OF MASSACUSETTS in GENERAL COURT TO BE ASSEMBLED ON THE LAST WEDNESDAY OF JANUARY 1783.
"THE PETITION OF US SUBSCRIBERS (BEING A COMMITTEE CHOSEN BY THE FREE HOLDERS AND OTHER INHABITANTS OF THIS TOWN OF BRUNSWICK IN THE COUNTY OF CUMBERLAND REGULARLY ASSEMBLED),
Humbly Sheweth"That whereas the Inhabitants of this Town have exerted themselves to the utmost of their power, in answering all requisitions that has been required of them During the present warr, but could not procure the last three men which was required for want of money; and whereas we understand that we have been overated in our taxations for some years past, both for men, money, & Beef, we Humbly pray yr Honrs to Excuse us from the fine that is laid on us for said three men - Your Honrs cannot be Ignorant of our Circumstances in these parts - How our Coast is (almost continually) Invested with the Enemy Depriving us of our Vessels & Substance, So as we cannot gett to markett such commodities as we could spare. We are well assured that the farr Greater part of the Inhabitants here would be willing to suffer, and has suffered, in order to help on the present occation but for want of a Markett Cash is exceeding scarce among us -and many has & are moving back into the wilderness, because they cannot pay their taxes, therefore we Humbly pray that we may be eased of the above mentioned fine but as for the average, part we mean to endeavour to pay as soon as possible but If executions should be issued out against us suddently, it would (we fear) Discourage the poor Inhabitants very much, therefore Relying on your Honrs great wisdom, to consider our Circumstances, not Doubting but that you will Endeavour to promote our Wellfare & Happiness in these parts as well as in the other parts
of this commonwealth, And your Humble Petitioners as in Duty bound shall ever pray.1
"THOS. SKOLFIELD }
JAMES CURTIS } Committee
SAM'LL STANDWOOD }
NATH'L LARRABEE }
"BRUNSWICK, Jany 2d 1783."
In answer to this petition the legislature passed a resolve, which was approved by the governor, excusing the town from payment of any fine, provided they would pay into the treasury of the Commonwealth the sum of £185 4s 11/2d., which was the average price paid for the enlistment of three men.2
The town this year voted to pay Brigadier Thompson £30 16s. 3d. for his services as delegate to the Provincial Congress in the years 1774 and 1775. Reverend Mr. Miller, Nathaniel Larrabee, Thomas Skolfield, Deacon Dunning, and Captain Gross were chosen a committee to answer a letter which had been received from the Committee of Correspondence of Boston. Their answer was as follows:-
"At a legal Town meeting held in Brunswick, on Thursday, the 26th of June, 1783, in answer to your letter respecting the return of the Refugees and Conspirators who endeavored to deprive us of our rights and privileges by joining with the King of Great Britain, it is the unanimous opinion of this town that they ought never to be suffered to return but to be excluded from having lot or portion in any of the United States of America."
November 20th, of this year, the Pejepscot proprietors gave to the town a deed of the town Commons. (See chapter on Public Lands, Roads, etc. )
[1784.] At the annual meeting in March, 1784, the town voted to take no action upon the article in the warrant concerning paying Brigadier Thompson's demands for expenses incurred in hiring men to serve in the army in the year 1781. He had probably acted in the matter on his own responsibility, and the town did not consider itself legally bound to repay him. The selectmen were, at this time, instructed to take proper care of the town Commons, and to dispose of the lumber on them as they might think to be for the best advantage of the town.
[1785.] In 1785 William Owen was elected representative to the General Court, and it was voted that in case that body refused to receive him in that capacity, he was to act as the town's agent to
answer the Topsham petition. This petition was the renewal of a former one, to have the islands in the Androscoggin River annexed to Topsham.
[1786.] At a special meeting in January, 1786, a committee was chosen to petition the General Court for some abatement of the town's assessment in the next State tax. The town voted to hold every alternate town meeting at the east meeting-house. A resolution was adopted that it was the unanimous desire, of the town. that a canal be cut through from New Meadows River to Merrymeeting Bay. It was also voted to be the unanimous wish of the town that the counties of York, Cumberland, and Lincoln be made a separate State, and Aaron Hinkley was elected a delegate to a convention to be held at Portland (Falmouth) for the consideration of this subject.
[1787.] The town this year again voted in favor of making York, Cumberland, and Lincoln Counties a separate State.
At a meeting held on the eighteenth of December, the town voted - twenty-three to seven-"to accept of the proposed form of Government for the United States as it now stands," and Captain John Dunlap was elected a delegate to an assembly which was to meet at the State House in Boston, on the second Wednesday in January, 1788, for its adoption or rejection on the part of Massachusetts. This was the vote of Brunswick on the question of the acceptance, by the States, of the Constitution of the United States.
[1788.] At the annual town meeting in 1788, Captain John Peterson, Deacon Dunning, and Nathaniel Larrabee were chosen a committee to petition the General Court for a modification of the "Fish Act."
The town very injudiciously voted to lease one hundred acres of the Commons to William Marriner, and the selectmen were authorized to lease as much more to other parties as might be desired. A vote was passed this year, that all future town meetings should be held at the west meeting-house.
On the eighteenth of December, the town, for the first time, voted for Presidential electors, and Honorable Dummer Sewall and Samuel Freeman received a majority of the votes cast.
[1789.] The town this year decided to hold one annual meeting out of three at the east end of the town, and to hold all its other meetings alternately at the east and west ends.
[1790.] This year Benjamin Chase, his family and estate, were set off from the town of Freeport and annexed to the town of Brunswick.1
At the annual meeting this year, a committee was chosen to locate a canal from Maquoit Bay to the Androscoggin River, but the town afterwards reconsidered the vote.
An address from the senators and representatives in the district of Maine was read, and the town then voted -- seventy-one to twenty-five -- in favor of a separate State.
[1792.] The town, in 1792, voted against the separation of the District of Maine from Massachusetts, by a vote of sixty-one to sixteen.
[1793.] In 1793 the town voted that the selectmen should be instructed to take an account of the paper-money in Captain Stanwood's hands, and direct him to dispose of it in the best manner he could, and deposit the proceeds in the town treasury.
The town also voted to dismiss the article in the warrant, concerning building a new meeting-house.
[1794.] In 1794, the question of making the District of Maine into a State was again voted on. The vote stood four in favor and thirty-five against so doing.
The town also voted "to allow Nathaniel Larrabee five pounds in full for his past service as town clerk, which is twenty-eight years."
The town this year voted, unanimously, "in favor of revising the Constitution." Whether it was the State or national Constitution is not specified. It was, perhaps, the latter, as the eleventh article of the Constitution of the United States was offered in Congress in 1794, and probably was not presented to the State, for ratification or rejection, much earlier than this.
[1795.] The town again, in 1795, voted - sixty-three to twenty-three - against the formation of a new State.
[1796.] "At a very full and respectable meeting of the town of Brunswick, legally assembled the fourteenth day of May, 1796, for the sole purpose of taking into consideration the state of our public affairs with respect to the treaty between Great Britain and America, voted unanimously to support the Constitution of the United States."
[1797.] The town, in 1797, again voted against the formation of a new State.
[1798.] In 1798 it was voted by the town that the selectmen should give a deed of the two hundred acres of land which the town
A committee was also chosen "to settle some accounts disputable between the Baptist and Congregational societies in this town."
At a meeting held in October to consider in regard to the formation of a new county from several of the towns in Cumberland and Lincoln Counties, the town voted to send Nathaniel Larrabee as a delegate to a convention to be held in Hallowell, with instructions to vote against the project of a new county, unless Brunswick could be made the shire town.
[1799.] In 1799 the town, although there was no war, raised one fifth as large an amount of money for gunpowder as it did for schools ; thirty pounds being appropriated for the former and one hundred and fifty pounds for the latter.
[1802.] Appropriations by the town in 1802 were $1,000 for schools, and three hundred and fifty dollars for contingent expenses. This year men were allowed for labor on the highway one dollar per day, and sixty-six cents per day for each pair of oxen.
[1806.] The town, in 1806, appointed a committee to consult with the towns of Durham and Freeport, to see if they would join with Brunswick in building a workhouse or a poorhouse, and upon what terms they would do so.
[1807.] The records do not state what the decision of these towns was, but it may be inferred from the vote of Brunswick, in 1807, to build a house for the town poor, which should be thirty-six feet long, twenty feet wide, and two stories high. The town voted to have it located in the vicinity of Samuel Beals's1 and appropriated two hundred and seventy-five dollars to finish the outside.
[1808.] In 1808 the town voted that at the annual meetings in March, April, and May, every legal voter should take his seat in the meeting-house, and there remain until the moderator of the meeting should by name call upon him to come forward and put in his vote. This rather dilatory method of voting was, undoubtedly, tried as a remedy for the disorderly conduct so often prevalent at municipal meetings.
A committee was chosen this year to apply to the Pejepscot proprietors for permission to sell and dispose of the town Commons, ministry and school lots, "and marsh," the interest of such sales to be appro--
priated for the use of schools, or in such other way as the town should think proper. As no answer to any request of this kind can be found in the town records, or in the Pejepscot Papers or Records, it is sufficiently evident that no such permission was ever granted.
The effect of the Embargo Law, passed in Congress, on the previous December, was severely felt throughout New England, and Brunswick formed no exception. The town therefore voted to present a respectful petition to the President of the United States praying him to suspend the law laying an embargo, either wholly or in part.
The selectmen were also requested to transmit to the selectmen of the town of Boston a copy of the proceedings of the town of Brunswick, and to assure them of their cordial co-operation with the inhabitants of that metropolis in any constitutional measures necessary to obtain a removal or alleviation of the grievances they suffered from a suspension of commerce.
[1809.] On January 23. 1809, the town adopted the following resolutions:-
"1st. Resolved, That the inhabitants of this town do consider the Act of Congress laying a permanent embargo as directly repugnant to the spirit of the Constitution of the United States and the several supplementary acts, but especially the act passed on the sixth of January inst., as alarming violations of the express provisions of that Constitution ; that they tend directly to the annihilation of the revenue, while they greatly increase the expenses of the United States; to produce and daily aggravate distress among the great body of the people, and if long continued to excite domestic convulsions.
"2d Resolved, That the last act of Congress designed to enforce the embargo, when its utter inutility either as a measure of precaution or as a measure of coercion, upon those belligerents whose decrees and orders effect our commerce, is acknowleged by all, forces upon us the apprehension that the embargo originated in the will of that Emperor who has declared that he will compel the United States to take part in the war either as friends or allies.
"3d. Resolved, That we believe it is the intention of the administration to unite with France in a war against Great Britain, a war which we deprecate as neither just, necessary or wise; since we are persuaded that all matters of dispute between the United States and that government might by sincere and honorable negotiation be amicably settled and a friendly commercial intercourse re-established on principles mutually advantageous.
"4th. Resolved, That the organization of a large military force in
a time of peace, for purposes concealed from the people, excites in our minds the most alarming apprehensions, while the unlimited powers vested in the President and in officers of his appointment for enforcing the Embargo Laws present to our astonished view the monstrous image of a military despotism, erected by the rulers of a free republic and the property, the liberty, and even the lives of citizens placed under the control of numerous petty tyrants in defiance of the express provisions of the Constitution of the United States and in contempt of the Constitution and laws of this Commonwealth.
"5th. Resolved, That deeply afflicted by the evils incident to the embargo, but infinitely more distressed by these violations of our dearest rights, we will by every constitutional and peaceable measure seek the redress of our wrongs, declaring at the same time our deter-mination to refrain from all violent opposition to the laws under which we suffer, and to discountenance such opposition in others.
"6th. Resolved, That we despair of obtaining relief from our distress and our fears by any further application to the President or the Congress; and that we will therefore present a respectful petition to the legislature of this Commonwealth praying that they would specially pursue such measures as they in their wisdom may judge most conducive to the redress of individual wrongs and best adapted to the portentous crisis of our public affairs.
"7th. Resolved, That we are ready to make any sacrifice of property and life for the preservation of the honor, the peace, and the liberty of our country.
"8th. Resolved, That whereas several merchants in this town have loaded their vessels by permission of the President of the United States, we do highly approve of their determination to refuse compliance with the law requiring them to unload their vessels or give heavy and unreasonable bonds."
The following Memorial was at the same time sent to the General Court of Massachusetts:-
Humbly Shews:"That, possessing the right to express their sentiments on the measures of government, and the state of public affairs, they are impelled by a strong sense of duty to themselves and to their posterity to exercise that privilege of freemen in the present distressed and alarm-
ing situation of the United States; considering silence at such a crisis as has now arrived as approbation of those measures which have produced it and an indication of stupid insensibility to the aggravated evils resulting from their operation.
"Your memorialists presume not to point out to your enlightened and honorable body the grievous sufferings inflicted, or the essential rights violated by the Acts of Congress laying a permanent embargo, and especially by the Act for enforcing the several embargo laws ; but deeply impressed with an awful sense of the dangers in which their liberties are involved, they address you as their deputed guardians praying protection from that ruin in which those Acts, if not speedily revoked, must overwhelm them.
"Your memorialists see in those Acts no equivocal proofs of a subservient attachment to one of the belligerents and an inveterate enmity to the other, alike inconsistent with the dignity and injurious to the interests of an independent nation. That the embargo was the result of a necessity imposed by the decrees of France or by the orders in council of Great Britain we can never admit; since it was laid thirteen months after the decree of Berlin and a considerable time before the knowledge of orders in council reached the administration, and it has been acknowledged by Mr. Pinckney, Minister of the United States at London, that these orders made no part of the motives to that measure.
"Your memorialists are persuaded that had the administration been animated by that spirit and guided by that wisdom which pervaded the councils of the nation in 1794 and 1798 in respect to our foreign relations, the same happy result would have followed; but unhappily the reverse has been realized and our government have discovered a fixed determination to reject every proposal of accommodation with one of the belligerents and disposition to submit with astonishing [alacrity?] to gross and wanton violations of a solemn treaty and [to] unceasing insults from the other [belligerent.]
"Your memorialists disdain to be the apologists for the aggressions or insults of any nation, but justice compels them to declare what they fully believe that Great Britain has manifested a disposition to adjust in an amicable manner our differences with that nation, while France has not only disregarded the obligations of a treaty, but has declared her determination to compel the United States to take part in the war either as friends or allies.
"Your memorialists see with extreme [solicitude?] the organization of an extraordinary military force in a time of peace, the object of
which is concealed from the people; and we declare our utter detestation of the Act of the sixth instant, designed to enforce an embargo, which even its advocates on the floor of Congress acknowledged to have produced no effect as a measure of coercion against the belligerents, while the evils affecting the people of the United States have been incalculably severe and are still increasing; and we do consider the provisions of that Act as unconstitutional, tyrannical, and oppressive in the highest degree, and are bound by the strongest obligations to resist them in every legal and constitutional way.
"We pray your Honorable Body to adopt such measures as you shall deem wise and expedient in this singularly awful crisis of public affairs." It was also voted that the foregoing memorial should be signed by the moderator and town clerk, be presented to the legislature of the Commonwealth by the representative of the town, and that he be instructed to use his best endeavors to promote the object contained in said memorial. A proposition was made this year to purchase the old meeting-house for a town-house, but it was defeated.
A committee was chosen to ascertain the limits of the 1,000 acres of town Commons, in order that the overplus, if any, which was given to the First Parish, might be determined.
[1811.] In 1811, the town elected Isaac Gates, Esquire, and Peter 0. Alden, Esquire, as special agents to petition the legislature, in behalf of the town, for permission and authority to divide, set off, and convey to the President and Trustees of Bowdoin College the two hundred acres of land which was granted to them by a vote of the town passed May 2, 1791, and afterwards approved or confirmed by a vote of the Pejepscot proprietors.
[1812.] At a meeting held on the seventeenth of August, 1812, Jacob Abbot, Henry Putnam, Isaac Gates, Robert D. Dunning, and Jacob Anderson were chosen a committee to draft, and submit to the town, resolutions concerning "the present alarming state of national affairs." The committee reported the following, which were adopted, and the moderator and clerk instructed to sign and forward a copy of them to the President of the United States, and also one to the Portland Gazette for publication:-
"The people at all times, under an elective government, have the right of peaceably assembling to consult for the public good. When doomed to experience the most awful calamities that can afflict a nation, the right is not only unquestionable, but essential to the exist-
ence of liberty and expressly sanctioned by the Constitution. The freedom of speech and the liberty of the press and the undisturbed privileges of an individual, or united expression of sentiment, are the vital principles of a pure republic. The electors of rulers have a right to examine their conduct, and when measures are adopted bringing poverty and ruin in their train, and death and wretchedness in their consequences, under a pretext that the people demand them, it is the duty of every citizen to raise his voice to convince the deceived of their error and arrest the progress of destruction.
"Therefore, Resolved, That we view the union of the States as an inestimable blessing while the government is administered agreeably to the original compact, but we fear that a cruel and oppressive course of measures, and admission of new States into the Union whose inhabitants in habits and education are adverse to republican principles, will tend to disaffect the people and eventually dissolve the compact which has heretofore been a source of so much wealth and happiness to these States.
"Resolved, That we consider the declaration of war as premature, unjustifiable, and groundless. That it was produced by an undue attachment for the greatest tyrant and most sanguinary monster that ever disgraced the civilized world. That we consider it as directed by the finger of the same hand which has not ceased for years past to impose restrictive measures upon the commerce of the United States; in short, that we consider the declaration of war as merely the promulgation and approbation of an edict of the Court of St. Cloud.
"Resolved, That a treasury without money, an exposed commerce without naval protection, an army without soldiers, and a war without adequate and just cause, show the weakness or wickedne s of our rulers, and tend to a direct sacrifice of everything dear to free men.
"Resolved, That William Widgery, member of Congress from this district, in voting for war contrary to the known wishes of his constituents and to the destruction of great maritime interests of New England, has added shame and disgrace to the good people of this district, without injury to his own moral or political reputation.
"Resolved, That we fully approve of the minority in Congress upon the question of war, and we pride ourselves upon having one representative from Maine who preferred the interests of his constituents to the mandates of the executive.
"Resolved, That we view with abhorrence and detestation the late daring and sanguinary attack upon the liberty of the press at Balti-
more by a lawless and cannibal mob, and the assassination of the veterans of the Revolution and the voluntary defenders of liberty.
"Resolved, That we cordially approve of the sentiments expressed by our brethren in Boston, at their late town meeting, upon the same subject, and of the measures by them adopted, for the purpose of aiding the civil authority in the prevention and suppression of similar outrages.
"Resolved, That the liberty of speech and of the press is the bulwark of freedom, and the most glorious prerogative of free men, and that we will never relinquish this liberty but with our lives.
"Resolved, That we cordially approve of the moderate, firm, and dignified conduct of our excellent governor, whose measures have always tended to promote the interests of the State and individual happiness, and we rejoice in again having a chief magistrate who will not sell himself to a party, who holds the scale of equal justice and is above the reach of venalty.
"Resolved, That the districting of the Commonwealth for the choice of State senators and representatives to Congress under the administration of Elbridge Gerry, so that twenty-nine senators are chosen by a less number of votes than were necessary to choose the other eleven, is a most tyrannical and wicked exertion of power, a violation of the spirit of the Constitution, and a prostitution of the rights of the people, and must have originated in a desire to deprive them of their constitutional privileges.
"Resolved, That the senators so chosen, by refusing the various equitable modes for the choice of electors proposed by the House of Representatives, have evinced their approbation of this iniquitous system and have rendered themselves totally unworthy of the confidence of a free people.
"Resolved, That we will hold ourselves in readiness to obey the orders of our commander-in-chief in repelling any invasion of our shores or to aid the civil authority in executing the laws.
"Resolved, That we will exert ourselves by every constitutional and honorable measure to effect a change of our national rulers, that peace, commerce, and free trade may be enjoyed with all liberal and civilized nations, and all possible means be used to secure and preserve the union of the States.
"Resolved, That from the foregoing considerations, and from a belief that only when life or liberty are jeopardized the rulers of a nation are completely justified in declaring war, and as the great ostensible causes of the present one are removed by Britain herself, and as
amicable adjustment of the only remaining difficulty is now offered, it is the imperious duty of our government to suspend hostilities without delay, and restore the blessings of peace to a brave but abused and suffering people.
"PETER O. ALDEN, Moderator.
DAN'L GIVEN, Town Clerk."
The following address was also adopted:-
"To the Hon. Eleazer W. Ripley, Jonathan Page and Ebenezer Poor, senators of the district of Cumberland and Oxford"
After having seen the various modes offered by the committee of conference from the House of Representatives to the Senate through their committee for the choice of electors of President and Vice-President of the United States, we are alarmed at the pertinacious adherence of the Senate to a partial and unequal mode of choosing electors, whereby a majority of the people are liable to be overruled by the minority, contrary to the spirit and letter of the Constitution and the principles of republican liberty.
"That this Commonwealth may have a voice in the next election of President and Vice-President a manly and just concurrence of the Senate with the House of Representatives is wanting, and this town hereby calls upon you to co-operate with them by your best exertions and procure a concurrence of the Senate with the House in some one of their propositions.
"In this day of peril and difficulty for the public good your best services are required. To stifle the voice of the people and deprive them of their elective rights would be a stride at usurpation too alarming for us to behold in silence and too flagrant to be borne.
"We consider the proposition made by the House fair, honorable, and constitutional, and we are sorry to assert that the Resolves of the Senate do not appear to us to be of that character.
"If our liberties, so dearly purchased by the blood and treasure of our fathers, must be lost, we most sincerely hope and fervently pray that they may never be destroyed under the forms of judicial nor legislative proceedings."
The town voted that four attested copies of the above address be made out by the town clerk, and that one be forwarded to each of the above-named senators, and one to the president of the Senate, to be laid before that body.
[1814.] Nothing especially worthy of record occurred in 1813, but at a meeting held in February, 1814, the town appointed a committee to write an address, setting forth "the present most unjust and
iniquitous restrictions upon our trade." It was also voted to have this address published in the Portland Gazette. No copy of it appears on the records of the town, and the number of the Gazette supposed to contain it has not been found by the compilers of this work.
An article in the warrant, "to see if the town will accept of the Engine belonging to individuals of this town," was dismissed.
Some of the town officers elected at the annual meeting, not presenting themselves to take the oath of office, a warrant was issued to John Owen, constable, to notify them to appear at a specified time and take the oath, as required by law. Owen, on his return, certified that he had notified all "except Roger Toothaker [one of the fence-viewers] who ran off and would not hear me notify him, and Abraham Locke, whom I missed by mistaking his place of residence, and Silas Goddard."
At a meeting held in August, the selectmen were authorized to hire money, to meet the expense occasioned by the military movements."
It was voted to dismiss the article in the warrant "to see if the town will afford any assistance to the unfortunate sufferers by the freshet," which occurred that spring and did a great deal of damage.
[1815.] In 1815 the selectmen were directed to collect the resolves, maps, etc., belonging to the town, and to deposit them in their office.
[1816.] The town, at its annual meeting, in 1816, gave Russell Stoddard and others permission to place some hay-scales1 between the road that went by Mrs. Robson's and that going by John Pollard's.
At a meeting held May 20, a majority of twenty-two votes was cast by the town against a separation of the District of Maine from the State of Massachusetts. At this meeting a committee was also appointed to provide a code of by-laws for the town.
At a meeting held September 2, the town again voted against the formation of a new State by a majority of fifty-one votes. The town also at this meeting chose Robert Dunning, Doctor Jonathan Page, and Joseph McKeen, delegates to a convention to be held in Brunswick on the last Monday in September following, to count the votes cast in the District upon this question, and if a majority of the votes cast were favorable, to form the draft of a constitution for a new State.
[1818.] The town, at its annual meeting in 1818, authorized the selectmen to purchase a hearse at a cost not exceeding one hundred dollars.
At this meeting it was voted inexpedient to build a poorhouse. The one built in 1807 was sold by the town in 1812.
An article in the warrant of this meeting, in regard to a separation of the east and west parts of the town, was dismissed. Its insertion in the warrant was probably owing to some slight disaffection in one of these sections.
[1819.] At a meeting held May 3, the representative from the town was instructed to use all fair and honorable means towards effecting the separation of the District of Maine from the State. This act shows an evident change on the part of the citizens of Brunswick in regard to this question. The representative was also instructed to use all fair and honorable means to oppose the passage of a law allowing Wingate and others the exclusive right of navigating the Kennebec River with steamboats. Apart from all questions of propriety or of constitutional right, Brunswick and Topsham both had a special interest in opposing a law which would affect the navigation of their own river.
At a special meeting on July 26, the town voted, by a majority of one hundred and thirty-three votes, in favor of a new State, and at a subsequent meeting; held September 20, Robert D. Dunning, Doctor Jonathan Page, and Reverend Benjamin Titcomb were chosen delegates to the convention to be held in Portland on the second Monday in October, for the purpose of forming a Constitution for the new State.
At a meeting held December 6, the town voted its approval of the Constitution framed by that convention.
[1820.] On March 15, 1820, the State of Maine was, by act of Congress, admitted into the Union. At the annual town meeting this year, the selectmen were authorized to provide a place for the hearse, which they had been authorized to purchase two years before. Whether the hearse had been kept out of doors or in somebody's barn, or whether it was not purchased until this year, does not appear. At this meeting Doctor Jonathan Page bid off the care of the town's poor for six hundred dollars.
At the first election for governor of Maine, held this year, the vote of Brunswick stood : for Honorable William King, 195; for Stephen Longfellow, Esquire, 23 ; scattering, 9.
At a meeting in May, the selectmen were directed to petition the legislature to incorporate the town of Brunswick, together with a number of other towns in the counties of Cumberland and Lincoln, into a new county.
The selectmen were also, at a meeting held in November, directed to petition the legislature to make a deduction from the valuation of the town, as taken by the selectmen in August, in consequence of the loss of property occasioned by the great freshet of October previous.
[1821.] At the annual meeting in 1821 the town passed a resolve that the public good required the formation of a new county, to be composed of the towns of Brunswick, Bath, Phipsburg, Durham, Harpswell, Freeport, Pownal, Danville, Topsham, Bowdoinham, Bowdoin, Litchfield, Lisbon, Lewiston, and Wales; and the representative from Brunswick was instructed to endeavor to effect the object at that session of the legislature. This attempt was, however, unsuccessful.
The town this year, instead of building a poorhouse, instructed the overseers of the poor to hire suitable houses and land to accommodate the poor of the town and to appoint a person to take charge of them. This was for the purpose of making available, for the benefit of the town, the labor of the paupers.
[1822.] At a meeting of the town, held September 9, 1822, the representative to the legislature was directed to endeavor to obtain the passage of a law granting compensation from the State treasury to the soldiers of the militia.
[1823.] At a town meeting held January 20, 1823, it was voted to be inexpedient to make any offer to the legislature to induce that body to fix the seat of government in Brunswick. What effect a different vote might have had upon the prosperity of the town is a matter of some doubt, though had such an offer been accepted, there is no doubt but that it would greatly have benefited the community. The town, also, at this meeting, directed its representative to oppose in the legislature the erection of any new county which should include Brunswick within its limits.
The annual meeting in March was adjourned to the first Monday in April, "in consequence of the severity of the cold and the small number present."
[1824.] At a meeting held the fifth of April, 1824, the selectmen were authorized to receive all money or other property that may have been raised by subscription for the sufferers by the great fire in Brunswick, which occurred the previous year, and to divide the same among them according to their necessities. The selectmen were also authorized to pay twenty cents to each soldier of the militia, in lieu of rations, if the application for the same was made as the law prescribed.
At a meeting held September 6th, the town passed resolutions inviting General Lafayette to visit Brunswick while on his tour
through New England, and a committee of eleven gentlemen, in addition to the selectmen, were appointed as a committee of arrangements for his reception, if he accepted. He was also invited by the authorities of the college, but was obliged to decline both invitations.
[1825.] At a meeting held January 1, 1825, the town voted an appropriation of one hundred and fifty dollars towards defraying the expense of exchanging the bell then hanging in the steeple of the new meeting-house for a larger one. A committee was appointed to purchase a fire-engine, and eight hundred dollars was appropriated for the purpose. $1,500 was appropriated this year for schools.
The selectmen were authorized to settle with Joseph Storer for damages suffered by him in crossing the bridge on Federal Street1 with a horse and chaise.
A committee of fifteen was chosen to solicit aid for the relief of the sufferers at the late fire.
[1826.] The town, in 1826, voted to purchase the house, barn, out-buildings, and farm, near the lower landing, then owned by Roger Merrill,2 and which contained about forty acres of land, at a price not exceeding $1,500. The town also voted to raise six hundred dollars per year, for three years, to meet the above expense.
The selectmen were authorized, this year, to furnish blank car-tridges for the use of the militia of the town, when at reviews.
[1827.] At a meeting of the town, held January 4, 1827, the representative was instructed to use all fair and honorable means to prevent the passage of any legislative act which would deprive the town of Brunswick of any of its territory or in any way disturb the line established between the counties of Cumberland and Lincoln. This action was taken upon an article in the warrant to see if the town would consent that the islands below the falls should be set off, with their improvements, to Topsham, agreeably to a petition to the legislature of George F. Richardson and others.
The town voted, November 3, that the bills incurred in consequence of depredations on the Indians, the previous August, by Jere O'Brien and John McKeen, should be accepted to the amount of seven dollars and twenty cents. It seems that this year a party of Indians had encamped near "the landing," in Brunswick, and that a number of evil-disposed young men made a raid upon them, tore down their tents, and drove them off. O'Brien and McKeen entered a complaint
against the rioters, and the above vote was intended to compensate them for their legal expenses.
[1828.] In the year 1828, five gentlemen were chosen as agents of the town to oppose any division of the town that might be urged upon the legislature, which was then in session at Portland. One hundred dollars was appropriated for keeping in repair the two fire-engines, for ringing the bell, and for such other purposes as might tend to the security of the town against fire.
[1829.] The same amount was appropriated for the same purpose, in 1829, and the town voted to have the bell rung at nine o'clock on Sunday evenings.
The town voted to hold its future meetings in the village, provided a house could be obtained without expense to the town. Accordingly the next meeting, September 14, was held in the Baptist meeting-house on School Street.
At the September meeting of the town, a code of By-Laws was adopted. The provisions of these By-Laws were, in brief, as follows:-
Article 1. Provided against injury or loss of fire apparatus.
Article 2. Against the building of bonfires in the streets, and against the careless use of lights in houses, barns, and stables.
Article 3. Against coasting on or across the streets, and also against obtaining rides by taking hold of or getting upon vehicles, without the consent of persons riding therein.
Article 4. Against the wanton or unnecessary discharge of fire-arms near any dwelling-house, shop, or store.
Article 5. Against playing ball within ten rods of any dwelling, throwing snow-balls, playing with kites, or doing anything in public streets to annoy passengers.
Article 6. Against the assembling of noisy crowds in the night, and against rude or disorderly behavior, indecent or profane language, or the injuring of trees, fences, or buildings. The penalty for the violation of this article was five dollars.
Article 7. Against allowing geese to go at large. The penalty in this case was six cents per goose.
These By-Laws were approved by the Court of Appeals in the December following, and the town voted to have them printed, and one copy furnished to each family.
[1831.] In the year 1831, the town authorized the selectmen to appropriate a piece of land near the poorhouse for a paupers' cemetery. Also, that future town meetings should be held in the old west meeting-house.
[1832.] In 1832 the town appointed a committee to draw up some resolutions expressing the opinions of the inhabitants of Bruns-wick "in relation to the alarming modifications of the tariff now pro-posed to be made by the Congress of the United States." Another committee was also appointed to report suitable resolutions expressing the opinions of the citizens in regard to the sale of the disputed terri-tory on the northeast boundary.
The reports of both committees were read and accepted, and the selectmen were instructed to furnish copies of them for publication to the Portland Advertiser and Kennebec Journal. The selectmen were this year instructed to sell the "poor lot" on Federal Street, by auction or by private sale as they might deem best.
The dividing line between Brunswick and Freeport was this year defined. There seems to have been some doubt as to its location before this, for on October 15, 1828, the selectmen of the two towns met at the house of Samuel Chase, and proceeded to perambulate the line. Robert D. Dunning was the surveyor for Brunswick and Barstow Sylvester for Freeport. The line surveyed by them appears from the record to have been the same, or nearly the same, as that previously established.
For some reason, however, the line was not satisfactory to some of the citizens of the two towns. Depositions were taken in January, 1832, from various residents, testifying as to the location of the original line. Depositions were made by David Curtis, William Alexander, and Daniel Given.
On the seventh of February, 1832, the legislature appointed Joseph Sewall of Bath, William Bradbury of New Gloucester, and William Cummings of Cape Elizabeth, a committee to establish the dividing line between Brunswick and Freeport.
On the eleventh of June following, the committee met and viewed the premises on that day and succeeding days, closing their labors on the twenty-third of June.
Their report, which we give below, furnishes the result of their labors:-
"Pursuant to the foregoing Resolve for establishing the line between Brunswick and Freeport, we the subscribers, the Committee therein appointed, having been duly sworn, and having given due notice to the parties, and having met them by their committees and counsel at. the house of Alexander Moorhead, in Brunswick, the eleventh day of June in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirty-two, and by adjournment from day to day until this twenty third day
of said June, and having heard all their pleas, proofs and arguments, and having viewed the premises, and maturely considered the same, have determined and established the dividing line between the towns of Brunswick and Freeport, in the County of Cumberland, agreeably to the Acts of Incorporation of said Towns, to be as follows to wit Beginning on the Western shore of Maquoit Bay at the mouth of Bungamunganock so called at a ledge which we have marked B, thence North twenty eight and one eighth degrees West, passing by a hemlock tree in Vincent Mountfort's pasture, and through said Vincent Mountfort's house, and by a beach stump one rod , and two links westerly of an ash tree in William Alexander's pasture by a stone in the wall on the western side of the county road on David Curtis' land marked + and over a ledge in said Curtis' pasture marked FB and by a spruce tree, a yellow birch tree, a ledge in Grouse's field marked +, a ledge in Skolfield's pasture marked +, a maple tree, a yellow birch tree, a stone set in the ground on the easterly side of the county road, twelve rods & sixteen links from the corner of Thomas Pennell's house, marked FB, a beach tree, a ledge in Samuel Sylvester's pasture marked FB, a stone in the wall on the westerly side of the Story road so called, a ledge in John Field's field marked FB, a beach tree, a hemlock tree, a spruce tree, a pine tree five miles & seventy rods to a stone marked FB at the middle of the Quaker road so called, and one rod and a half from William Jordan's wall, thence North East one hundred & ninety six rods to a stone marked DB at the corner of Durham and including within the town of Brunswick all Mair Point so called, and to include within said town of Brunswick all the estate of the late Benjamin Chase which was annexed to said Brunswick by virtue of an act of the Legislature of Massachusetts passed in 1790, entitled an Act setting off Benjamin Chase, his family and estate from the town of Freeport and annexing them to the town of Brunswick.
The same committee also established the Durham line.
According to McKeen the survey of the west part of the town was made by John Merrill while B. Ring lived in Brunswick, though the plan of the "Great Lots " was never laid down by any actual survey. According to the same authority, if Merrill's plan had been regarded
and the boundaries preserved, the line would have gone farther south upon Freeport than was established by the committee in 1832, and would have taken sixteen rods on to what Durham now holds.1
[1833.] The town appropriated for schools in 1833, $2,000; for support of poor, $700; for highways, $2,500.
The town clerk was this year directed to procure all plans and papers, of every description, of the Pejepscot Company, which might be of use to the town hereafter, and which related in any way to the settlement of the town, at as moderate an expense as possible. The papers of the Pejepscot Company were, at this time, in the hands of Josiah Little, Jr., of Newburyport (or of Amesbury), Mass. By a sworn statement by John McKeen, the then town clerk, it appears that Mr. Little placed the Pejepscot Papers in his hands upon condition that they should be finally placed in the library of the Maine Historical Society, where they now are. This was certainly the best disposition that could have been made of them, particularly as many of the papers relate not only to Brunswick but to the whole region embraced in the Pejepscot purchase, and it would be difficult, if not impossible, to separate from them those relating exclusively to Brunswick.
The selectmen were this year authorized to grant licenses to retail ardent spirits, on condition that no spirits should be drank in or about the premises of the retailer.
John Coburn was appointed an agent to appear before a committee of the legislature, and to use his best endeavors to carry into effect the vote of the town in favor of the formation of a new county from parts of Cumberland and Lincoln Counties.
[1834.] At a meeting of the town, held July 4, 1834, a lengthy report of the Committee on Town Commons was read and accepted.2 A committee was also chosen to consider the practicability and advisability of having the town farm upon the Commons, and to estimate the expense of removing the buildings thereto.
At a meeting held August 30, the Report of the Committee on Town Commons, Poorhouse, etc., was read, but its consideration was postponed to a further meeting. The selectmen were instructed to have the report printed and also to have the Commons surveyed.
The selectmen were also directed to petition the legislature for permission to use the Commons for agricultural purposes or to dispose of them at some future day, should the town ever so direct. They were,
moreover, directed to procure the same permission from the Pejepscot proprietors; and also to demand a rent from all parties occupying the Commons, and to remove all persons refusing or neglecting to pay the rent.
[1835.] At a town meeting, held April 27, 1835, it was voted to build a town-house without unnecessary delay.
The village school district this year applied for an Act of Incorporation, for certain municipal purposes, and an Act to this effect was passed by the legislature and received the approval of the governor, January 28, 1836.
At the annual meeting this year the town appropriated seven hundred dollars to pay for the town-house, and the Building Committee were authorized to borrow the needed balance of three hundred dollars. The town-house was completed this year.
[1837.] The town met at the town-house for the first time on January 16, 1837. The town, at this meeting, voted to receive its proportion of the money deposited with the State by the United States, in pursuance of "an Act to regulate the deposits of the public money," on the condition specified in the Act of this State entitled "An Act providing for the disposition and repayment of the public money apportioned to the State of Maine, on deposit, by the government of the United States." James F. Matthews was appointed the agent of the town to receive this money. The revenue of the United States had for some years been in excess of the demands of government, and this Act of Congress was to distribute the surplus to the States.
At a meeting of the town in April, the selectmen were authorized to loan the town's share of the surplus revenue to citizens of the town, on good personal security, in sums not exceeding two hundred dollars to any one individual.
At a meeting held in July, the selectmen were directed to collect what had been loaned, as it became due, and to deposit the amount, together with the remaining portion of the surplus revenue, with the citizens in the following manner:-
The sum total was to be divided into as many shares as there were inhabitants of the town at the last enumeration, and each male head of a family, and each female head of a family where there was no male head, should be entitled to receive, on deposit, one share for each member of his or her family actually resident at home in the family on the first day of the preceding March, including the heads of the family, the daughters, the sons, under the age of twenty-one years, and the
regular apprentices. Each male above twenty-one years of age, without a family, was entitled to receive one share.
The receipts, which were to be taken in all cases, were to contain a promise of repayment, without interest, of the sum given, whenever the town should be required to repay it to the treasury of the State.
At a meeting held in September, the preceding vote was so amended as to entitle all who were residents of the town on the first of March previous to a share of the surplus money, and that persons since, but not then, residents should not be entitled to it.
[1838.] At the annual meeting in April, 1838, the town voted to relieve those who had received shares of the surplus revenue money from all obligation to return it, since the legislature had passed an Act releasing towns from a similar obligation.
The town voted to refer to the Building Committee the deeds of the gifts from Reverend William Allen and David Dunlap, Esquire. The above vote refers to the deeds of the land upon which the town-house was built.
[1841.] The overseers of the poor were authorized in 1841 to sell the poorhouse and farm whenever they could do so for a not less sum than $1,500.
In regard to several proposed amendments to the Constitution of the State, the town voted as follows:-
In favor of increasing the number of representatives, but against establishing the number at one hundred and fifty-one; in favor of electing the governor for two years instead of one, and in favor of having the legislative meeting but once in two years.
[1842.] In 1842 a petition from Isaac Lincoln and others, to have the town house sold or else to have it moved to the village, was dismissed.
[1844.] The town in 1844 voted in favor of an amendment to the Constitution of the State, changing the meeting of the legislature to May.
[1845.] A new hearse was purchased in 1845, by order of the town, and the old one was repaired and fitted with runners for use in the winter season.
[1847.] At the annual meeting in 1847 the selectmen were instructed to have the bell on the Universalist Church rung daily, for the ensuing year, at the expense of the town.
The town also at this meeting appropriated two hundred dollars towards the purchase of a clock to be located in the tower of the Universalist Church.
The town this year voted in favor of so amending the Constitution of the State as to prohibit the loaning of the credit of the State to any amount exceeding $300,000 in the aggregate ; and also, against an amendment providing that the governor, senators, and representa-tives should be elected by a plurality instead of majority vote.
[1849.] In 1849 the town voted to dispose of Engine No. 1 and to purchase a new one, and for that purpose the sum of three hundred dollars was appropriated. The town this year refused, by a vote of one hundred and fourteen to sixteen, to adopt an Act of the legislature, which was passed July 16, 1846, and was entitled "An Act for the License and Regulation of Stationary Steam-Engines."
[1850.] The town voted in 1850 in favor of a constitutional amendment, which provided for a meeting of the legislature in January instead of May.
At a subsequent meeting this year the town voted to accept an Act of the legislature authorizing certain cities and towns to grant aid in the construction and completion of the Kennebeck and Portland Railroad, and also voted to loan its credit to that company for the sum of $75,000, according to the conditions and for the security provided in the Act. The vote was five hundred and eighty-eight in favor, and two hundred and fifty-two against the measure.
The inhabitants changed their minds in regard to stationary steam-engines, and the town accordingly voted this year to accept the Act in reference to the same, which was approved July 16, 1846.
[1851.] A protest, signed by one hundred and thirty-five of the inhabitants of Brunswick, was presented to the town in 1851. This protest was against the vote to loan money to the Kennebec and Portland Railroad, and was made on the ground that the Act of the legislature authorizing it was illegal, unconstitutional, and not binding upon the town.
[1856.] In 1856 the town authorized the selectmen to grant the use of the town-house to the Brunswick Light Infantry for an armory.
[1857.] The Act of the legislature, approved March 13, 1855, granting authority to cities and towns to adopt ordinances or by laws for sidewalks, was accepted in 1857, and a committee, consisting of the selectmen and Richard Greenleaf, Esquire, was appointed to lay out and determine the width of the different sidewalks in Brunswick, and to prepare some by-laws in reference to the same, which they were to report at a future meeting.
Another committee was also appointed this year, consisting of Messrs. Abner B. Thompson, John C. Humphreys, William G.
Barrows, Samuel R. Jackson, Richard Greenleaf, and John McKeen, to investigate all matters relating to the town Commons; to ascertain what title the town had to them, and the boundaries thereof; to ascertain what encroachments had been made upon them, and all other facts relating to the subject, and to make a report at some future meeting.
Some time between March 16 and the first Monday in June, the town-house was destroyed by fire. The June meeting met -by adjournment -at the ruins of the town-house, and adjourned to McLellan's Hall.
The committee on sidewalks reported at this meeting the names of the streets upon which they had constructed sidewalks, the widths of the walks, and a code of by-laws in regard to the same.
The selectmen were authorized to dispose of the materials of the town-house which remained after the fire, and of the lot upon which it stood.
[1858.] At a meeting of the town, held January 18, 1858, to see what measures the town would adopt for the purpose of obtaining a charter for a city government, it was voted to appoint a committee of nine, - three from the village, three from the east, and three from the west part of the town, - to consider the matter and to report in one week. This committee reported, January 25, that the east and west portions of the town were opposed to a city form of government, but that the village was strongly in favor of it. A motion to petition the legislature for a charter as a city was lost by a vote of twenty-six majority. It was, however, voted that the village school-district should have leave to petition the legislature for a city charter for said district, under the name of the city of Brunswick, and the selectmen and town clerk were directed to petition the legislature to that effect. This they did, and upon February 10, a committee of the legislature reported a bill to incorporate the village district as the city of Brunswick. This bill was laid on the table and ordered to be printed. It was afterwards passed, and was approved by the governor. March 29. The bill provided for its acceptance by the whole town within thirty days, or to be null and void. At a meeting of the town, April 27, the charter was read, and rejected by a majority vote of one hundred and one.
At the annual meeting in March, the sum of seven hundred dollars was appropriated for a night watch. The committee on town Commons reported at this time. The report was accepted, and it was voted that the town agent be empowered and directed to communicate with the several parties whose lots abutted on the Commons, and in case any of
them should decline to give the matter to referees, he was instructed to institute legal proceedings against them, that the rights of the town might be maintained and protected. The selectmen were also instructed to cause permanent stone monuments to be erected, in order to mark clearly the boundary lines of the Commons, whenever these lines should be authoritatively ascertained.
At a meeting held June 7, the town voted almost unanimously for the Prohibitory Liquor Law of 1858, there being but one vote for the License Law of 1856. This vote shows either an unparalleled sentient in the town in favor of prohibition, or else that those in heart opposed to a temperance reform believed that its advocates had overshot the mark and that there would be a speedy reaction.
The town this year voted against granting State aid to a proposed Aroostook Railroad, and in favor of exempting future manufacturing establishments from taxation for a period of ten years.
[1860.] A committee was appointed in 1860 to consider the propriety of building a new town hall. They recommended the erection of a building on the corner of Maine and Pleasant Streets, at an estimated cost of $5,000. The town, however, refused to build.
[1862.] In 1862 the town lines between Brunswick and Freeport, Brunswick and Durham, Brunswick and Harpswell, and Brunswick and Bath, were perambulated by the selectmen of Brunswick and the authorities of the other places named, and monuments were erected to mark the line.
[1866.] An article in the warrant for a special meeting in November, 1866, in relation to petitioning the legislature to set Brunswick off from Cumberland County, was dismissed.
A new hearse was this year procured.
[1869, 1870.] In 1869, and again in 1870, propositions were made looking to the erection of a town hall, but they were defeated, and none has yet  been erected.
[1872.] In 1872 a proposition was made for the erection of a monument in memory of the fallen heroes of the Rebellion. A committee was appointed to consider the subject, and at a subsequent meeting reported in favor of such a monument, but the town decided adversely to its erection.
All important acts of the town not embraced in this chapter will be found in other connections.
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