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The town of Brunswick first received its name legally, in the year 1717, when it was incorporated as a township. This name was probably given to the town in honor of the house of Brunswick, to which family the then king of Great Britain belonged. The reason for this presumption is, that this town, being earlier settled and incorporated than any of the other nine or ten towns of the same name in the United States, could not have been named after either of them, and as there were, so far as known, no Germans among the earlier settlers here, it was hardly likely to have been named for the German city.


[1717.] The vote of the General Court, constituting Brunswick a township, was passed on the third of May, 1717, and provided "That ye Land Plotted for a Town from Pejepscot Falls to Maquoit in Casco Bay be Constituted A Township to be laid out the Quantity of Six miles Square as the Land will allow & to be Called by the name of Brunswick to be forth-with Settled in a Defensible Manner."1

This action of the General Court gave the settlers municipal rights similar to those of plantations of the present day. Thus, for instance, they held public meetings, raised money for their common welfare, and chose their own town officers. Records were kept by an officer styled the town clerk, who was the first time appointed by the proprietors, and afterwards elected by the people.

On the second of May, of this year, Lieutenant Joseph Heath was chosen by the proprietors "To be their Clark for the Town of Brunswick until the town is Qualified to make their own election and Sworn to the faithful Discharge of that Trust."2

The first meeting of the inhabitants was held November 3, 1717. The first election of town officers was in March, 1719, when Captain John Gyles, Thomas Wharton, James Starrat, John Cochran, and

1. Massachusetts Records, 1717.
2. Brunswick Records in Pejepscot Collection.

Joseph Heath were chosen selectmen for the ensuing year. Joseph Heath was also chosen clerk and town treasurer, and Peter Haines, constable.

At a regular meeting of the inhabitants, held May 8, it was voted to purchase a bos taurus for the common benefit. It was also at this meeting voted, "That whereas Some of the Inhabitants of this Town have already Brought on Cattle & others expect to have some come before Winter, Therefore our first rate to our Minister shall be raised on Lotts & poles onley."1

Other meetings were held at different periods, at which action was taken relating chiefly to the support of a minister. The doings of those meetings will be found in the chapter upon Ecclesiastical History.

[1735.] In the year 1735 the inhabitants of Brunswick had become so numerous and felt so great need of a more perfect system in the management of their common concerns, that they made application to the government of Massachusetts for an Act of Incorporation as a town. The petition was as follows:-

" To His Excellency Jonathan Belcher Esq. Captain General and Governour in Chief. The Honourable His Majesties Councill, and the Honourable House of Representatives of his Majesties Province of the Massachusetts-Bay In New England In General Court assembled May 1735.

" The Petition of us the Subscribers Inhabitants of the Town of Brunswick in the County of York Humbly Sheweth -That your Petitioners being arrived to a competent number to transact Town affairs & in Expectation of having others very soon added to us, having now a commodious Meeting-House chiefly erected at the charge of the Proprietors; and having also obtained a pious & othodox Minister to settle with us, we now find it necessary to be vested with Power to lay a Tax or assesment in order to raise money for his maintenance---Therefore your petitioners Humbly pray your Excelency and Honours that you will pleas to Erect us into a Township & vest us with the Power & authorities belonging to other Towns excepting only the Power of Granting & Disposing of Land, which we acknowledge to be in the Proprietors who placed us here - and your Petitioners as in Duty bound Shall ever pray &c." 2

This petition was signed by John Rutherford, Anthony Vincent, James Dunning, David Dunning, Richard Flaherty, - an Irish schoolteacher, - James McFarland, James Carter, William Gibson, Andrew

1. Brunswick Records, in Pejepscot Collection.
2. Pejepscot Papers.

Dunning, Ebenezer Stanwood, Samuel Stanwood, David Giveen, James Henry, William Spear, John Giveen, Robert Giveen, Thomas Neal, Thomas Washburn, Samuel Lindsey, Reverend Robert Rutherford, Benjamin Larrabee, Samuel Clarke, Nehemiah Giffen, - a stranger, -Robert Spear, Sr., Robert Spear, Jr., Robert Dunlap, William Woodside, Jonathan Dunlap, John Linsay.

The legislature, June 20th of this same year, granted the request of the petitioners and enacted a bill in accordance therewith. This bill for some reason, however, failed to receive the signature of the governor, and did not therefore take effect.1

[1737.] On the 25th of May, 1737, another petition for incorporation was presented to the General Court, by Benjamin Larrabee. in behalf of the inhabitants of Brunswick, which set forth the reasons urged in the former petition and stated the fact of a bill having been enacted, which had failed to be valid on account of its wanting the governor's signature. The prayer of this petition was granted in the House of Representatives on the 24th of June, and concurred in by the Senate three days later. A bill was accordingly prepared, and at the next session of the General Court, January 26, 1738-9, the following Act was passed, and received the sanction of the governor:-




For Erecting a Township in the County of York by the Name of Brunswick.

"Whereas there is a Competent Number of Inhabitants already settled upon a Tract of Land lying within the County of York hitherto called and known by the name of Brunswick containing the Quantity of about six miles square and lying convenient for a Township ; and whereas said Inhabitants have humbly petitioned this Court, that in order to provide a Suitable Maintenance for the Minister Settled among them, they may be Erected into a Township, and vested with the Powers and Authorities belonging to other Towns. THEREFORE for encouragement of the said settlement

"Be it Enacted by his Excellency the Governor, Councill and Representatives in General Court assembled, and by the authority of the Same. That the said Tract of Land described in a Plat now returned to this Court as follows :1

" Beginning at the mouth of a brook or Rivulet called Bungamunganock,

1. Pejepseot Papers.

running into Maquoit Bay where it touches upon North Yarmouth line, and from the mouth of said Brook to run upon a course north northwest, half westerly five miles into the wilderness leaving a wedge or strip of Land between said line and North Yarmouth,1 and from thence upon a course northeast four miles to the Second Falls of Amascoggin alias Androscoggen River from thence down said River by Fort George, and down Merry Meeting Bay so far as Stevens carrying Place including several small Islets lying in said River above Said Carrying Place, and over said Carrying Place to the head of the Creek or River that runs up to the other side of the said Carrying Place, thence down said creek or River to the mouth thereof, including an Island therein, and from the mouth of said River to run by the Waterside southwesterly to the Southwest point of a place called the New Meadows, thence to strike across the cove upon course north northwest, till it meets and intersects the upper end of Merryconeag Neck four rods above the Narrows of said Neck, commonly called the carrying place, thence to run along the Shore to a Neck of Land called Mair point, about a mile and a quarter down said Neck, thence to cross over said Mair point and Maquoit Bay, upon a course northwest till it comes to the place first above mentioned, be and henceforth shall be a Township to be called Brunswick and the Inhabitants thereof shall have and enjoy all such immunities, privileges and powers as Generally other Towns in this Province have and do by Law enjoy:-

"This Bill having been read three Several times in the House of Representatives Pass'd to be Enacted. "

"[Signed] J. QUINCY, Speaker.

"This Bill, having been read three several times in Council, Pass'd to be Enacted.

"[Signed] SIMON FROST, Dep'ty Sec'ry.

"By his Excellency the Governour.

I consent to the Enacting this Bill.

"[Signed] J. BELCHER.

°Janr. 26, 1738, Copy Examd.
"[Signed] SIMON FROST, Dep'ty Sec'ry."

Brunswick thus became the eleventh corporate town in Maine. At the same time that the foregoing was passed, the General Court also

1. Known as the "Gore."

passed an Act authorizing and empowering Benjamin Larrabee, Esquire, " to warn the Inhabitants of said Town, qualifyed by Law to vote in Town affairs, to assemble and meet together in some Sutable Place on the first Monday of March next, to choose a Moderator, Town Clerk, and other Town Officers for the year then next ensuing." The date of the incorporation of the town, it, will be noticed, is given as Jan. 26, 1738. This is according to the old method of reckoning time. The date, according to the new style, would be Feb. 4, 1739.1

[1739.] There were six town meetings in 1739. The first meeting of this year, and the first under the Act of Incorporation, was held March 28th. At this meeting the following officers were chosen:-

Samuel Hinkley, Moderator and Town Clerk; Captain Benjamin Larrabee, Samuel Hinkley, John Getchell, James Dunning, and David Dunning, Selectmen; John Malkeon, John Barrows, Constables; Thomas Washburn, William Vincent, Samuel Whitney, and James Howe, Tything-Men; Captain William Woodside, Wimond Bradbury, John Whitney, and Joseph Berry, Surveyors of Highways; Robert Spear and Cornelius Thompson, Fence-Viewers; James Thompson, Town Treasurer; John MacGregor and John McFarlin, Hog Constables; Israel Mitchell and William Spear, Field-Drivers.

One hundred and fifty-three pounds and fifteen shillings were voted for town expenses for the year. At this meeting John Getchell, Robert Spear, Samuel Clark, James Thompson, Benjamin Parker, and Thomas Skolfield were chosen a committee to lay out highways for the convenience of the town.

Some proposition looking to the extermination of, or protection from wolves was doubtless made, as the town this year voted, " That the wolves should be left till further consideration."

In July it was voted, "That the Minister Shuld Preach att ye Southeast end of Sd Town (att a place cald Newmedows) according to what Rates and taxes they shall Pay towards the Support of the Ministry it being agreed upon by the whole Town."

Against this action of the town. however, a protest was entered by Benjamin Whitney, Jean Brown, and William Woodside.

A meeting held December 25th elected Captain Benjamin Larrabee a representative

"to go to answer the presentment commenced against this town at the general Sessions of the Peace." It does not, however,

1. Town Records, Vol. 1; also Pejepscot Papers.

appear from the records what was the nature of the action against the town or by whom it was brought. Possibly it may have been in consequence of their being no provision made that year for a school, as the law was then obligatory upon. all towns to make such provision.

On May 30, of this year, the inhabitants of Mair Point petitioned the General Court, since one half of that point was within the bounds of the township of North Yarmouth and was twenty-five miles distant from the meeting-house in that town, by land, and ten miles distant by sea, with two dangerous bays to be crossed, and since the northerly portion of the point was but two miles distant from Brunswick, that they might be set off from North Yarmouth and annexed to the town of Brunswick. An Act was passed, granting this privilege, which took effect, October 2d following.

[1740.] The total appropriation for defraying the expenses of the town in 1740 was £248 16s. 0d. Of this amount £150 was for the salary of Reverend Mr. Rutherford, and £80 for support of a schoolmaster, leaving but £18 for contingent expenses. It was also voted this year to raise £200 as a settlement for Mr. Rutherford, "if he lives and dies minister of Brunswick," and a little more than one fourth of this amount was to be raised that year. The town voted not to send any representative this year to, the General Court, and also voted to allow hogs to run at large, provided they were properly yoked and ringed.

Harpswell Neck was this year set off from North Yarmouth and annexed to Brunswick as an "adjacent," 1 but was soon after set back again.

[1742.] There were five meetings of the town this year. At the annual meeting in March, £246 was raised for current expenses, £150 of which was for the support and £66 for the settlement of the minister.

At a meeting held May 15th, Mr. Henry Gibbs, a freeholder and resident in town, was admitted as "an inhabitant thereof," and he was, at the same meeting, elected to represent the town at the General Court. This action was evidently not the will of a majority of the voters of the town, as another meeting for the choice of a representative was held on the 29th of June, and "it being put to vote whether to send one or not it was passed in the negative."

Several matters pertaining to the vacant lands came up for discussion this year, and at a subsequent meeting it was voted, " That all

1. Massachusetts Records, 1740, p. 351; also 303.

the vacant Land one the east side of the Maine Rode that buts one Brunswick falls Runing from sd falls a Loung the Shore till it comes to the south corner of the Cove near sd falls thence running a south Corse to the Rode that Leades to the Landing place; to lay common for convenency of Landing botes and cornews [boats and canoes] and for the Uce of the Inhabetence of the Town of Brunswick forever."

It was also, at the same meeting, voted "that all that corner of vacant land from the southwest corner of Fort George, thence running a west course till it comes to the river, thence down said river till it comes to the main road, thence along said road to the place of beginning." be left in common for the privilege of a grist mill and "for the Uce of the Inhabatence of the Town of Brunswick forever."

The selectmen this year petitioned the General Court for an abatement of the tax assessed upon the town. The reasons for this request are best given in the petition itself, which is as follows:-




Humbly Sheweth.

"That the Great and Generall Court were pleased to lay a tax of Thirty pounds (New tenner) upon the town of Brunswick which they are very unable to pay, and the Constables of Sd Town has Collected but a very small part by reason of their great poverty, for the Greater part of the Settlers have not been able, (as yet) to pay for their lots of land of one Hundred Acres Each which they have taken of the Proprietors tho at a Reasonable price, for the best lots do not exceed five shillings per acre, & other lots not above half so much, & tho some have lived upon Sd lots, more than ten years, & some near twenty, yet by Reason of our Great Poverty & being often allarmed with the Rumour of Warr, & being often disturbed by the Insulting Indians, and many times are oblidged to Garrison our houses, which is very expensive, and always obliged to be well provided with arms & aminition, or Retire to other places of Safety with our familys & Cattle, & so oblidged to neglect our Husbandry whereby our familys have greatly sufered & have been Impoverished, and many families not being able to raize their own Provisions, are beholden to other parts of the Province for them, & in these times of rumour of Warr do the

duty of Souldiers, in Defending ourselves & neighbours, we being a frontier town, & so of service to the Province, the fort being Remote from the greatest part of the Inhabitants which Cant be avoided, for the benefit of Husbandry, which Fort is a Great terror to the Indians and keeps them in some aw, yet they oftentimes Insults us in our private houses & when they are in any want of victuals, they kill our Cattle, which keeps us under fears & Discouragements. therefore your Petitioners Humbly pray that this Honourable Court would take the premisses into your wise Consideration and abate the tax laid upon the town of Brunswick for the year 1740, and Excuse Sd Town from paying Province taxes, for some time to come which will greatly incourage the Inhabitants to settle the remote parts of the Province where they can at present, (but with Great Difficulty) get a living, & Defend themselves & neighbours in these Exposed parts, tho the Greater part of the Inhabitants are not able to pay for the lots of land they are settled upon, The Honourable Courts compassion will greatly Incourage the Eastern Settlements, & by the smiles of Heaven, in a few years, may become a usefull part of the Province and by their Industry enabled cheerfully to pay such rates & taxes as shall be laid upon them for the future, and as in Duty bound your Petitioners shall ever pray.1

ROBERT SPEER.} -Selectmen."

[1742.] The town in 1742, for the first time, sent a representative to "the Great and General Court," and David Dunning was elected to fill the office.

[1743.] Two boards of selectmen were chosen in 1743. At the annual meeting held in March, Isaac Snow, Samuel Hinkley, and Wymond Bradbury were chosen selectmen. There was some informality, however, about this meeting, A protest was made against it as illegal, by Captain William Woodside, James Dunning, Robert Finney, Robert Spear, David Dunning, David Giveen, and Samuel Clark, and the General Court ordered another meeting to be held on the 30th of August. This latter meeting " being purged of all illegal voters," an election of town officers was had, and Captain John Minot, Eben Stanwood, and James Dunning were chosen selectmen and David Dunning, representative. At this meeting Wymond Bradbury was authorized to provide a pair of stocks for the town.

1. Pejepscot Papers, original document.

The decision of the General Court in regard to the illegality of the first meeting was based on the fact that the meeting was not legally warned, and that the assessors were not under oath when they took the valuation of the town.1

[1744.] The Court of General Sessions for the County of York, having decided that the special meeting of the town, held by order of the General Court in August, 1743, was likewise illegal, a new election was ordered and had, January 17, 1744, at which a new board of town officers was chosen to serve out the unexpired portion of the fiscal year. Thomas Skolfield, Ebenezer Stanwood, and James Dunning were elected selectmen.

At the annual meeting in March, a new board of selectmen was chosen for the ensuing year. No representative to the General Court was chosen. A committee was chosen at this meeting, to examine all the accounts of the town since its incorporation, and to settle all its affairs, and it was voted to raise no money for town purposes until the committee had reported. The committee were Deacon Samuel Hinkley, Captain William Woodside, James Thompson, and Robert Finney, and they were authorized to call in to their assistance, if necessary, Mr. Samuel Dinne (Denny?), of Georgetown. This committee, in December, brought in a full and detailed report of all moneys which had been received by the town treasurer, and of what had been disbursed by him, together with a statement of what was due the town from all sources ; with recommendations for the payment of various sums claimed from the town for services rendered, etc. Among these items was one of six pounds due Deacon Samuel Hinkley "for ten days going after a minister to supply the town," and another of £3 10s. for a "constable's staff." The report of the committee was accepted.

At a special meeting of the town in May, a committee was chosen to secure "a schoolmaster upon as reasonable terms as possible." At this meeting Deacon Samuel Hinkley was chosen "a commissioner to appear at the Great and General Court held at Boston, to prefer a petition or petitions in behalf of the town." He was to receive his instructions from a committee consisting of the selectmen, and David Dunning, Ebenezer Stanwood, and Robert Finney. His compensation was to be 12s. per day and £5 for expenses. For what object a petition was to be presented does not appear from the records. It was, however, in all probability, in reference to an unfortunate differ-

1. Massachusetts Records, 1743, p. 99.

ence that had arisen between the town and the proprietors. The latter were exempt from taxation, and refused to assist in making the county roads which passed through their lands.1 The result was that the passions of the people were excited in relation to the matter, and the town, believing that unoccupied land might be taken and sold for public purposes, very injudiciously granted one hundred acres of land each to Deacon Samuel Hinkley, Timothy Tibbets, Cypron Cornish, and Aaron Hinkley, it being stipulated in each grant, "Provided, that he make improvement on said land in defiance of the proprietors, Henry Gibbs & Company, and begin said settlement in three years from date hereof by building, fencing and improving, except he or they (his heirs) be put off by an enemy." This trouble between the town and the proprietors was after some years amicably adjusted.

The taxation bore so heavily upon the people at this time that the town voted not to exempt even the "listed soldiers of the inhabetence" from payment.

[1745.] The town this year voted to pay an annual salary of fifteen shillings to the town treasurer, as a compensation for his services.

The committee appointed in 1744 to receive the town money from the constables, and to settle all the accounts of the town, having made no report of their doings subsequent to the report of December of that year, the selectmen were directed to call them to an account, and to ascertain what money had been received and disbursed by them and what remained due to the town, and to report at the next town meeting.

[1746.] The selectmen were unable to make any settlement of the financial affairs of the town with the committee who had been appointed as receivers, and accordingly in February, 1746, "Robert Finney was elected a Commissioner to the next Court of General Sessions in order to get the Report of the Committee chosen to end all debates and adjust all accounts appertaining to the town since it has been erected into a town." Finney was to be allowed twelve shillings per day for his services. The purpose for which he was appointed, as stated in the vote of election given above, may have been to obtain a writ of mandamus against the town committee to compel them, to do their duty, or it may have been to have a decision upon the merits of the question made by the Court.

At this same meeting, David Dunning was elected a commissioner to appear at the General Court in Boston, to prefer a petition in

1. Pejepscot Papers.

behalf of the town. He was to receive his instructions from a committee consisting of Robert Spear, David Giveen, and Robert Finney, and was to receive £5 for his services and to be allowed £4 for his expenses. In the absence of any evidence in the matter, it is to be presumed that the object of the petition was the same as of the one presented the next year, and that, for some reason, this petition was never presented, or if presented was not acted upon.

The town also voted at this meeting to raise no money for current expenses, until that already assessed had been paid in by the constables to the receivers appointed by the town.

[1747.] At the annual meeting in March, 1747, the town voted "to apply to the General Court for protection " against the Indians, and David Dunning was chosen to prepare a petition in behalf of the town, under instructions from Ebenezer Stanwood, John Getchel, and Thomas Skolfield. He was to receive £9 for his services. This petition was, in all . probability, favorably considered by the General Court, as the whole region from Wells to Topsham was at this time infested with savages.1 At all events, it was either considered and acted upon, or else previous action on the matter had already been taken, for in May following, Captain Jordan was stationed at Topsham with thirty men.2

[1748.] The town, at its annual meeting in March, 1748, voted to send a petition, signed by the selectmen in behalf of the town, to the General Court, requesting to have Western men sent there for soldiers, instead of calling upon the inhabitants of Brunswick and its vicinity.

The financial affairs of the town were still in an unsettled condition, and consequently a committee was chosen at a special town meeting held in May, "to shew3the Receiver and -Treasurer that refuse to pay in the town's money according to vote of the town, and said committee is instructed to make up accounts with all or any person who have any legal demands on the town."

The town, moreover, at this meeting chose Deacon Samuel Hinkley, Lieutenant Ebenezer Stanwood, and Robert Finney a committee to appear in behalf of the town at the quarter sessions for the county of York, to be held in October following, "to recover the town's legal debts and prosecute any person in,whose hands the town's money may be found not paid out in the town's legal debts."

In October of this year the selectmen assessed £50 on the citizens as a town fund, and to pay a premium for wolves' heads.

1. Williamson, History of Maine, 2, p. 252.
2. Smith's Journal, p. 129.
3. i, e., to instruct.

[1749.] The town, at a special meeting in January. 1749, appointed Ensign William Vincent to inspect the fishery at Brunswick and to regulate the same according to instructions from the selectmen.

A proposition was also made at this time to petition the General Court for the annexation to Brunswick of the precinct of Topsham. The question was laid on the table for consideration at a future meeting.

[1750.] At the annual meeting in March, 1750, the town voted a present of £40, old tenor, to Reverend Mr. Dunlap, and voted to take up a contribution four times a year for the support of the Widow Mitchell. In May the town voted to raise £40, lawful money, for Reverend Mr. Dunlap. £26 13s. 4d. of this amount was to pay his salary and the balance to be a gratuity. It was also voted to raise £21 6s. 0d., lawful money, of which £13 6s. 8d. was for Mr. Dunlap's settlement, £5 6s. 8d. to make good the town stock of ammunition, and £2 13s. 4d. for other town expenses. The town declined this year to raise any money for a schoolmaster.

[1751.] At a town meeting in February, 1751, a committee was appointed to have the care and control of the common lands of the town, with authority to assess damages upon trespassers and to prosecute all such claims should recourse to law become necessary. It was also voted to add £13 6s. 8d. lawful money, to the salary of Reverend Mr. Dunlap, "providing he will take his pay in such specie as the town can pay him in at the market price, otherwise Mr. Dunlap must adhere to his first agreement with the town."

A bounty of £1 was offered by the town for each wolf killed by traps or pits within the limits of the town. It was also voted to raise £40, lawful money, in such specie as the town can produce in lumber, at the market price, and also to raise £8 in cash, to pay the minister's salary, £3 6s. 8d. for "Granny Mitchell," and £4 13s. 4d. for town expenses.

[1752.] At the annual town meeting £4 was voted to Robert Smart "for building a pair of stocks and whipping-post at our meeting house."

This year the town records begin to be double dated, in consequence of an Act of Parliament adopting the new style of reckoning time. As the difference between the old and new methods of reckoning time is now so generally understood, it is unnecessary here to enter into any explanation of the matter. The records appear to be double dated from the first, but this is probably due to the interpolation of the second dates by some later town clerk. The previous

dates in this book have all been old style, but what follow will all be according to the new style.

[1753.] At the annual town meeting in March, 1753, a vote was passed to petition the General Court for power to tax the lands in town belonging to non-resident proprietors, unless they should speedily grant some satisfactory assistance to the inhabitants to enable them "to finish the Meeting house, settle the Minister and defray other publick charges." This vote was reconsidered at the October meeting, and it was then voted to delay action upon it until the following spring. At this October meeting Captain David Dunning was appointed a commissioner, in behalf of the town, to join the other towns in the county in signing a petition to have the county divided.

The town also voted to raise £10, in lawful money, for a supply of ammunition and £20, old tenor, for the relief of Widow Mitchell.

The ratable polls in Brunswick at this time were about eighty.1

[1754.] The town, in 1754, voted to raise £55 for current expenses, "to be paid in lumber landed in Boston on or before September 1st."

At the annual meeting in March, the question of taxing the lands of non-resident proprietors again came up, but the town then voted not to petition the General Court, at that time, for power to assess these lands, on account of the anticipation of a war. In September, however, the town voted that their representative should prefer such a petition to the General Court, and suitable instructions were accordingly given, October 1st, to John Minot, Esquire, by a committee consisting of Samuel Hinkley, David Dunning, James Thompson, and Samuel Stanwood, who were appointed for that purpose.

Those instructions were, in brief, that he should, with the assistance of an able lawyer, draw up a petition to the General Court, in which it should be stated that the town had undergone much difficulty and its settlement been retarded by reason "of the wars and incursions of the enemy"; that the town had not equal privileges with other towns, which could sell or grant vacant lands for public uses, whereas those who were settled upon lands derived from proprietors could not do so. For this reason, the petition was to state further that the town prayed "for power to rate the non-resident Proprietors' land for the sum of £200 for the following uses."

1. For finishing the meeting-house.
2. For the settlement of their minister.
3. For establishing aschool in the town.

1. Memorandum on cover of Brunswick Records, in Pejepscot collection.

4. To help clear and keep good the county road through the proprietors' lands; which, "if it should be insisted upon to make it a complete road would take the bigger part of said money."

The representative was also instructed that in case the proprietors would give security for the payment of £100 for the above-mentioned uses, he was authorized to withdraw his petition.1

[1755.] In 1755 the town passed the following votes:-

To pay John Orr £1, lawful money, "for collecting the Province rate at Topsham for 1752," and to pay William Spear an annual salary of 6s. "for sweeping the meeting-house, locking doors, and taking care of the key."

The town decided not to petition the General Court for the annexation of Topsham this year.

The vote of the town in 1744, in regard to taxing soldiers, seems not to have been fully enforced, as instructions were this year given to the former constables of the town to proceed according to law to collect the taxes which had been assessed upon the officers and soldiers belonging to Fort George. Against this action of the town John Orr, John Smart, James Ellet, Samuel Clark, and Thomas Skolfield entered their dissent and protest.

The selectmen this year sent the following petition to the General Court, applying for military relief:-




Humbly Sheweth,

"That in Consequence of a Memorial presented to this Court at their Sessions in May last representing the exposed circumstances of said Town by reason of the Enemy, this Hond Court was pleased to order 14 men out of Capt. Samuel Goodwin's Company to scout on the back of the Inhabitants from Fort George to Maquoit untill the further Order of this Court ; the Benefitt of which they enjoyed but a very short time, not more than two weeks, when the aforesaid Order was superceeded on the Petition of Thomas Hancock Esq and others and

1. Pejepscot Papers.

on the 7th July it was ordered by this Court that said 14 men be returned to said Company again by which means the Inhabitants at this Critical Season of their Husbandry are greatly exposed to the Incursions of the Indian enemy. As the former Memorial was in behalf of a Garrison situate near the meeting house on the main road from Maquoit necessary for the entertainment of Expresses, or any other Travellers in time of Warr kept by Mr Robert Speer who is greatly advanced in age, and very decrepid, the support of which Garrison would be a kind of Barrier to the Inhabitants, and a great Security to the House of Publick Worship, these & many other reasons that might be urged in favour of said Garrison, induced your Memorialists then to apply to this Hond Court for such Relief as should in their Wisdom seem meet.

"And we now again humbly apply ourselves to this Hond Court in behalf of said Town, and the aforesd Garrison that they would be pleased to give such further Direction for their Relief as that they may be enabled to pursue their Husbandry without that Danger to which they might otherwise be exposed.

"And your Memorialists as in Duty bound Shall ever pray &c 1

" THOMAS SKOLFIELD, } Selectmen of
SAM'L STANWOOD, } Brunswick."

[1757.] In February, 1757, John Getchell and Captain David Dunning were appointed commissioners "to represent to the Colonel of this Regiment the difficult circumstances of this town, and to try for an abatement of the men he has sent for." This regiment was Colonel Ezekiel Cushing's at Falmouth.2

The first set of weights and measures for sealing purposes was purchased this year.

The number of polls in Brunswick at this time was ninety-two, and in the adjacent region it was eighty-one, of which number thirty-two were in that portion of Harpswell included within the boundary lines of North Yarmouth and Brunswick, and forty-nine were in Topsham.3

[1758.] This year the selectmen were instructed by the town "to acquaint the Honorable Board for levelling the province tax, concerning the adjacents that are taken of us." Harpswell was this year incorporated as a distinct town.

[1760.] In compliance with an order of the General Court, a committee was chosen by the town, in 1760, to communicate to the session

1. Pejepscot Papers.
2. Massachusetts Records, Vol. 21.
3. Pejepscot Papers.

of the legislature to be held in Boston, on the first Tuesday of May, 1761, their desire that Brunswick might be comprehended in the new county of which it was desired that Falmouth might be the shire town. The various petitions sent in had the desired effect, and on June 19th, of this year, the county of York was divided into three counties, the most western one retaining the name of York, and the other two being named Cumberland and Lincoln, of which the latter was the most eastern. The dividing line between these two last commenced at the mouth of the New Meadows River, extended up that river to Stevens's Carrying-Place at its head, thence to and upon Merrymeeting Bay, and up the Androscoggin thirty miles. Owing to this division, Topsham came into Lincoln County.

It was voted this year that hereafter the eastern and western portions of the town "repair their own roads, and that the eastern end of the great pitch pine plains be the partition between each end of the town." Three shillings per day was allowed for men, and two shillings for each yoke of oxen employed upon the roads. £26 13s. 4d. was raised this year for the schoolmaster, and £45 for a town stock of ammunition.

[1761.] John Minot was requested by the town this year to urge upon the General Court the propriety of taxing the lands of non-residents, but he was unable to accomplish anything, because, as he says in a letter to "Gentlemen and neighbors," dated May 22, "upon the Carpet there was nothing but the Bloody Sword drawn forth by our bitter enemys & no man living then could give any judgment where or how things would end."1

The petition of the selectmen in 1760, desiring the General Court to include Brunswick in the new county to be established, was considered in courcil, June 16, and dismissed, it appearing that the whole town was already in the county of Cumberland.2

[1762.] A petition from a number of the residents at New Meadows, for separation from the western part of Brunswick, was this year presented to the General Court, and the following letter was sent to the proprietors:-

"BOSTON, May ye 14th, 1762


"I with a number of the Inhabitance of Brunswick Have Pettitioned the Court to have that Part of said town Called New Meadows, made

1. Pejepscot Papers.
2. Ibid.

into a seperate Distrect -for we find by Longe expereance that it is Imposable for us to Injoy the preaching of the Gosple while togather - We likewise want to be Joyned to the Lower County as we can then attend Court with Greater ease and less Charge -as we have had our Lands from you, gentlemen, and as I Have endevored to serve the Intrest of your Company so far as it was in my power ; and am ready still to do so -and tho' it was but Lettel I Could or Can do to serve you -yet Gentlemen I have some reason to Hope that you will look on my Honest Intentions to serve you to be equal to the thing, shall therefore request of you Gentlemen who have a Seat in the general Court to use your Intrest in favor of said Pettition, and you Gentlemen that Have no Seat in that Honourable House, I must also beg of you not to say anything to its predigue. In the mean while Gentlemen I remain

"Your most obedient Humble Servant



       Clerk of the Pejepscot Company
              be communicated"

[1763.] The town in 1763 again voted to petition the General Court to have the lands of non-resident proprietors taxed, and also that this petition should be signed by the selectmen and town clerk, and that some gentleman in Boston should be employed to present it and to speak in behalf of the town. It was also voted to set off and sell thirteen pews on the floor, and sixteen pews in the gallery, of the west meeting-house, the oldest inhabitants that have no pews to have the preference in buying said pews," and the proceeds of the sale to go towards defraying the expenses of repairing and finishing the meeting-house.

[1766.] January 13, 1766, John Miller, his wife Jane, and his daughter Margret. and their families, were warned to leave town, in accordance with law, to prevent the possibility of their coming upon the town for assistance. Since this was, doubtless, the Reverend Mr. Miller who was settled three or four years before over the First Parish, it shows that the town paid no respect to persons in this matter, but served all alike who had no visible pecuniary means of support. This law was enforced here as late as 1792.

[1767.] The town this year voted to pay Mr. Hunt three dollars for building a new pair of stocks. This is the first mention made of dollars in the town records.

1. Pejepscot Papers.

The town also voted sixteen shillings per year for a sexton for the west meeting-house, and two dollars per year for one for the east meeting-house.

[1768.] At a meeting held September 22d, Aaron Hinkley was elected a delegate from Brunswick "to join the committee at Boston in order to consult and advise such measures as should be thought best for the peace and safety of his Majesty's subjects in this Province," and Thomas Skolfield, Isaac Snow, Captain Dunning, Samuel Thompson, and William Woodside, Jr., were appointed a committee to furnish him with instructions. By the term "committee" in the above extract from the records must be meant the Provincial Convention of delegates, which commenced its session that very day at Boston, in place of the General Court, which the governor had refused to convene without the consent of his Majesty, the king. The invitation to send a delegate from Brunswick was not received until two days before the convention met.1

[1771.] In 1771 Aaron Hinkley, Isaac Snow, and Thomas Skolfield were chosen a committee "to answer the petition that the selectmen of Topsham put into the General Court in May last." This petition was to have the boundary line between the two towns so defined as to give the islands in the river to Topsham.

[1774.] The selectmen were instructed, in 1774, to lay out the 1,000 acres of Commons, and have a plan made of the same, in order that a deed of it could be obtained from the proprietors.

It was voted, at the annual meeting, to again petition the General Court for power to tax land belonging to non-residents.

At a meeting held August 3d, "the town took under consideration the difficulties of the Province, and unanimously agreed to the nonimporting of English goods, until the matter in dispute between Great Britain and her colonies be reconciled."

The selectmen were directed to ascertain the quantity of ammunition the town had in stock, and to purchase, if necessary, a new supply. The port of Boston having been closed by Act of Parliament on account of the seizure of the tea, it was thought best to assist that town by subscription.

At a meeting held on the seventeenth of September, Captain Moulton, Samuel Stanwood, and Samuel Thompson were chosen a committee "to meet the Falmouth committee that are to meet at Falmouth, on Wednesday, the twenty-first day of September, instant, to consider

1. McKeen, Manuscript Lecture.

what measures will be best to adopt for the good of the country and town."

At a meeting of the town held on the seventeenth of November, the proceedings of the Continental Congress and of the Provincial Congress were read. The Provincial Congress had passed a resolution which was, in substance, that the inhabitants of the Province should immediately provide themselves with arms and ammunition, and should use their utmost diligence to perfect themselves in military skill; and if any town was not provided with a full stock of ammunition, according to law, that the selectmen of such town should take effectual care without delay to provide the same.1 The Provincial Congress also appointed Henry Gardner, Esquire, of Stow, receiver-general of all moneys for the use of the Province.2

The town, accordingly, adopted a resolution, "that it be our opinion that it is very proper to choose Militia officers in this town forthwith and act agreeably to the directions in the Provincial Congress." An election of militia officers then took place; Samuel Thompson being chosen captain, Robert Dunning, lieutenant, Thomas Thompson, ensign, and Stephen Getchell, clerk. A resolution was also adopted,

"That the money voted in May last by our representatives be paid in to Henry Gardner, Esq., of Stow, and that, if any other or former collectors have any Province money in their hands that they pay the same to the said Henry Gardner, Esq."

Brunswick was represented in the Provincial Congress by Samuel Thompson.

The Continental Congress at Philadelphia, on the twentieth of October, entered into an association or agreement, providing for the nonimportation of goods, wares, or merchandise from Great Britain, Ireland, or other of the British possessions; also, providing for the non-consumption of such articles, and for the non-exportation of home products. There were also articles abolishing the slave-trade; providing for improvement in the breed of sheep, and to prevent their being killed, unnecessarily, for food, encouraging frugality, economy, and industry, and looking to the promotion of agriculture, the arts, and manufactures in this country, and discountenancing every species of extravagance; guarding against extortion on the part of traders on account of the scarcity of goods, etc. The eleventh article, to which allusion is made below, was, in substance, that a committee should be chosen in every town to observe the conduct of all persons, and when

1. American Archives, Fourth Series, Vol. 1, p. 852. 2. Ibid, p. 851.

the committee were satisfied that any person had violated the provisions of the agreement, the truth should be published in the Gazette, "to the end that all such foes to the rights of British Americans may be publicly known & universally contemned, as the enemies of American Liberty : and thenceforth we will break off all dealings with him or her."1 These proceedings having been read in full to the meeting, the town resolved, "that the proceedings of the Grand Congress be adopted and much applauded by this town, quite unanimous," and Tobias Ham, Nathaniel Larrabee, James Curtis, Samuel Stanwood, Ebenezer Stanwood, and Thomas Thompson were elected "a committee to see to the due observance of the eleventh article in the proceedings of the Grand Congress."

There is on file a warrant of this year, in his Majesty's name, calling the voters to choose a representative to the legislature at Salem, but no meeting was held, as the citizens no longer recognized the royal authority.2

[1775.] At a meeting of the town held January 10, 1775, the proceedings of the Provincial Congress, at Concord, in December, were unanimously approved, with the exception of the article relating to "storing the goods after the tenth of October next," in regard to which article the vote was seventy-nine yeas and twelve nays.

A vote was also passed "that if a Number out of the several companies of militia should list as minute men,"then each town ought "to make them such reasonable satisfaction as shall be thought proper by the town where they belong " Samuel Thompson, who was now a colonel, was elected as delegate to the Provincial Congress.

At a meeting held March 9, Benjamin Stone, Nathaniel Larrabee, James Curtis, Deacon Stanwood, and Aaron Hinkley, Esquire, were elected "a Committee of safety to consult what they shall think best at this crisis and make report at the adjournment of this meeting."

At a meeting held six days later, in the west meeting-house, the town voted "to pay Henry Gardner Esq. all the Province Money in the hands of the collectors of the town, agreeable to the advice of our Congress."

At a meeting held April 27, Aaron Hinkley, Deacon Samuel Stanwood, Benjamin Stone, Captain Curtis, and Captain William Stanwood, Jr., were chosen a Committee of Correspondence and also a Committee of Supplies, to provide ammunition and whatever else was thought necessary for the safety of the town.

1. American Archives, Fourth Series, Vol. 1, p. 915.
2. Pejepscot Papers.

At a subsequent meeting, Reverend John Miller, Benjamin Rideout, Gideon Owens, Joseph Melcher, Joseph Allen, Colonel Samuel Thomson, David Brown, George Hayden, Benjamin Hinkley, and Benjamin Larrabee were added to "the Committee of Inspection," as the Committee of Safety was also designated. Samuel Thompson was elected delegate to the Provincial Congress, from Brunswick and Harpswell, and he was to serve for one year after the last Wednesday in the following May. The selectmen were instructed to inform the Committee on Supplies why the town did not comply with their request in regard to coats, etc., for the army.

At a meeting held on the fourth Tuesday in May, it was voted that the powder and flints provided by the town should be equally divided to each man in town, and the town was to pay the cost of procuring the powder; and "if the men who enlist under Captain Curtis should be called away, for them to carry their ammunition with them." A patrol was established this year, under the direction of the officers of the militia.

In consequence of the public distress and the grievousness of the taxes, Reverend Mr. Miller and Mr. John Farren, the schoolmaster, voluntarily gave up a portion of their salaries, and Thomas Skolfield and Nathaniel Larrabee, two of the selectmen, served the town in that capacity gratuitously.

[1776.] At the annual meeting in March, 1776, James Curtis, Samuel Stanwood, Thomas Thompson, Andrew Dunning, and Nathaniel Larrabee were chosen a Committee "of Correspondence, Inspection and Safety."

At a subsequent meeting, held May 27, it was voted "to send a petition to the Great and General Court," and the selectmen, together with the Committee of Correspondence and Samuel Thompson, now a brigadier-general, Thomas Skolfield, and Thomas Cotton, were elected a committee to draft the petition. What the object of this petition was has not been ascertained. Deacon Samuel Stanwood was chosen a commissioner to present this petition at the General Court.

A meeting was held May 31st at which "It was unanimously voted that if the Honourable Congress should, for the safety of the United Colonies, Declare themselves Independent of the King of Great Britain, that they will solemnly engage with their lives and fortunes to support the Congress in that measure." The selectmen were instructed to deliver the powder that was brought by Brigadier Thompson to the captains of the militia, for them to deliver to the men, when necessary. Brigadier Thompson received fifty, and Deacon Samuel

Stanwood thirty-nine votes for representative to the General Court, and the town then voted to send them both, - they agreeing to serve for half-fees.

At a meeting held December 24th, "after due consideration on a Resolve of the Great and General Court of this State, dated September 17, 1776," it was voted, "That the present House of Representatives of this State, with the Council, should consult and agree on some form of Government that shall most conduce to the safety, peace, and happiness of this State in all after generations."

Brigadier Samuel Thompson was chosen to represent the wishes of the town at the General Court, agreeably to the above-mentioned resolve.

[1777.] At a special town meeting, held in February, 1777, Deacon Snow and Captain Robert Dunning were elected to fill the places of Deacon Stanwood and Captain Curtis, and at the annual meeting, March 4, Major Nathaniel Larrabee, Doctor Samuel Dunken, Captain Robert Dunning, Robert Spear, and Andrew Dunning were chosen a Committee of Correspondence, etc.

At a meeting held May 22, Thomas Skolfield was elected a recognizee, i. e., an officer empowered to take recognizances. The selectmen were instructed to execute the law "concerning monopoly and oppression." Notwithstanding the exciting and trying circumstances connected with the war of Revolution then going on, the citizens were not unmindful of the interests of education, for the town voted to have a school this year and to pay a schoolmaster £30. A committee was at this time appointed to procure a teacher.

At a meeting held on the twenty-seventh day of November, in pursuance of an Act of the General Court, entitled "An Act for supplying the Families of the Soldiers in the Continental Service," the town voted to supply the families of the men thus engaged, agreeably to the aforesaid resolve. For this purpose, £20 were voted and Benjamin Stone, Samuel Stanwood, James Curtis, Nathaniel Larrabee, and Robert Dunning were elected a committee to attend to its disbursement.

[ 1778. ] At the annual meeting of the town in March, 1778, it was voted to allow Mr. Josiah Simpson eight pounds and four shillings for his service in carrying the baggage of twenty-two men from Brunswick to Boston the previous year. It was also voted "to supply the wives of those men that went for this town into the Continental army, by way of subscription, - they to be allowed the market price for sd articles that they shall find for sd use." Lieutenant Thomas Berry, Nicholas Rideout, Captain Robert Dunning, John Dunning, and

William Woodside were elected as Committee of Correspondence, etc.

The proprietors made an agreement with Aaron Hinkley for him to survey the town Commons. This he had done, but the survey differed so much from the plan made by James Scales, "and the inhabitants made so much uneasiness about it," that it was laid one side, and the Scales plan was accepted. The proprietors complain, however, of the neglect of the selectmen in the matter.1 This explains why, at a subsequent meeting, held May 12, the town voted to have the Commons surveyed, but laid upon the table till the next meeting the clause in the warrant relative to applying to the proprietors for a deed. At this meeting, Aaron Hinkley, William Stanwood, and Andrew Dunning were chosen to consult as to the best method for supporting the families of soldiers.

"Then the votes were brought in for the proposed form of government, and there appeared to be for said form three, and against said form seventy five." This vote was in regard to a proposed new constitution for the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, which was not ratified by the towns in consequence of several serious defects contained in it.

At a meeting held June 2, Aaron Hinkley, William Stanwood, Jr., and Captain Curtis were chosen "to give our Representative Instructions." What these instructions were has not been ascertained. A vote was also passed at this meeting that the one hundred and fifty-eight dollars given, as an additional bounty, to the five men who went into the service, agreeably to a resolve of the General Court, of April 20, 1778, should be paid by a tax on the polls and estates of the west end of the town. The only explanation of this vote which we can suggest is, that the east end of the town may have furnished the five men called for, and should therefore be exempt from paying any bounty.

At a meeting held on the tenth of June, the town voted "to lay out the Commons agreeable to the minutes that were read, viz., Sd Commons to be bounded on the head of Middle Bay lots and to extend northerly between and adjoining upon the lots that front upon the twelve rod road and the lots that front upon Mericonege marshes, and upon the lots that front upon New Meadows river, until 1,000 acres be completed." Captain James Thompson protested against this vote, probably for fear lest the Commons might encroach upon his lot. A committee was chosen, however, to lay out the land in conformity with this vote, and Stephen Getchell was chosen surveyor.

1. Brunswick Records, in Pejepscot Collection.

At a meeting held on the 10th of September, it was voted "that such shirts as are fit to be sent to our brethren in the army be 48/ each; that good shoes for said service be 54/ , each pair; that good stockings for said service be 30/, each pair."

At a meeting held December 25, the town voted to accept of the survey of the Commons as laid out by the committee chosen the previous May, but not to accept a deed of them from Noyes, if made according to Hinkley's survey. A committee was chosen to consult with the proprietors' agent in regard to the matter.

[1779.] Brigadier Thompson, William Stanwood, and Doctor Dunken were chosen a committee to supply the families of those men who went from this town into the Continental service with such necessaries as they might need. The town also voted an appropriation of £200 for that purpose. James Elliot, Jr., Samuel Dunlap, Samuel Stanwood, Jr., Thomas Godfrey, and Stephen Pennell were chosen a Committee of Correspondence, Inspection, and Safety.

The selectmen were, at this meeting, instructed to procure a deed of the Commons, and the committee chosen to lay out the Commons were directed to complete their work as speedily as possibly. The selectmen were also instructed to take effectual means to secure, for the benefit of the town, the growth of lumber on the Commons.

Thomas Pennell was allowed £4 8s., "it being for so much Counter-feit Money he took in part of his tax in the year 1776."1

Four prisoners - probably British soldiers - were taken care of in Brunswick this year, and the town consequently voted the following sums as compensation to those having charge of them:-
To Captain Dunlap£6 8s.0d.
" Captain Thompson440
" Lieutenant Berry140
" Mr. John Dunning2140

The sum of three pounds was also voted to Jacob Anderson for services in carrying shirts, shoes, and stockings to Portland.

At a special meeting in August, the town voted its approval of the transactions of the convention held at Concord on the fourteenth of July preceding. The object of that convention was to establish a State price-current, and to adopt other measures to prevent monopoly, extortion, and unfair dealing, and spirited resolutions were passed, fixing the prices of several articles of merchandise.1

1. History of Concord, Mass., p. 122.

Aaron Hinkley, William Stanwood, Thomas Skolfield, Joseph Curtis, and Deacon Stanwood were chosen a committee "to set the prices on the articles in the town and carry the resolution into effect." They were also directed to inform the committee of the town of Boston concerning the action taken in this matter by Brunswick.

At a meeting on the ninth of November, an account of the proceedings of the convention held at Concord in the previous month was read, and it was thereupon unanimously voted, "to stand by the proceedings of said convention," and Aaron Hinkley, Deacon Stanwood, Thomas Skolfield, Captain Curtis, and Captain William Stanwood were elected a committee "to see said resolutions put into execution." The convention referred to was held at Concord on the sixth of October, at which a revision of the price-current adopted at the July convention was made, and resolutions were passed relating to trade, currency, etc. County and town meetings were recommended to carry these resolutions into effect.1

[1780.] At the annual meeting in March, 1780, the following appropriations were voted: The sum of $4,050 for highways, and to pay out of this thirty dollars per day for the labor of each man, twenty-five dollars for each pair of oxen, and five dollars for each cart, £12 to William Spear for his services for two years as sexton of the west meeting-house, and twenty-five dollars per day as compensation to the selectmen, "they to find themselves and paper."

The town at this time elected Brigadier Thompson as its agent to the General Court, in conformity with a resolve of that body, passed December 4, 1779.

At a meeting held May 15th, the town postponed voting in regard to a change of the State Constitution until the next meeting. Probably the next meeting of the town occurred too late for the vote of Brunswick to have any effect, since no vote of the kind was recorded at any subsequent meeting this year.

About this time. a circular letter was received from Jere Powell, President of the General Assembly of Massachusetts Bay, desiring, in urgent terms, the town to furnish its proportion of blankets needed for the army at once,2 as called for, amongst other things, by a resolve of that body passed the previous year.

The town accordingly voted to furnish the blankets and other articles and "to allow for each pair of good shoes, such as the agent will receive so much of the present currency as will purchase seven

1. History of Concord, Mass, p. 122.
2. Pejepscot Papers.

pecks of Indian corn, and for stockings of the like quality, the value of five pecks of corn, and for shirts the same price as of shoes, and for blankets - them that are good - the value of four bushels in said currency."

At a meeting held September 4th, the town cast its first vote for governor of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, lieutenant-governor, and senator. Whom the town voted for as governor is not mentioned, but undoubtedly it was John Hancock. Honorable Samuel Adams received a majority of eleven votes as lieutenant-governor, and John Lewis, Esquire, fourteen votes as senator. Honorable James Bowdoin received three votes as lieutenant-governor.

At a meeting in October, Brigadier Thompson, Doctor Dunken, and John Given were chosen as a committee to procure the beef which had been demanded by the General Court for the supply of the army. They were instructed that, if they were unable to procure the whole amount, they should, with the selectmen, make known to the General Court the reasons why they were unable to furnish all, and were authorized to make up the deficiency in the amount, in money. The selectmen were instructed to assess sufficient to cover the amount paid out by this committee.

[1781.] At the annual meeting in March, 1781, the selectmen were directed to inform the General Court that the resolve of December 4, 1780, concerning beef, was not received in season for the town to comply with its requirements.

At a meeting held on the nineteenth of July , the town voted to comply with the last requisition of the General Court, in regard to furnishing beef for the army, and to raise £204, cash, to procure the beef. A committee was also chosen to obtain the beef.

At a meeting held on the twenty-fifth of December, Samuel Stanwood, Captain William Stanwood, Jr., William Woodside, Aaron Hinkley, Doctor Samuel Dunken, and Captain James Curtis were chosen a committee to prepare a petition to the General Court, "concerning our present circumstances and our inability of paying our taxes in specie, and to lay the petition before our March meeting, for approbation or amendment."

[1782.] The above-mentioned petition was presented to the town at its annual meeting in March, 1782, and adopted. At this meeting Samuel Woodward, Jacob Anderson, and Samuel Stanwood, Jr., were chosen a Committee of Correspondence, Inspection, and Safety. This was the last time such a committee was raised by the town.

At a meeting in June, it was voted that "the several classes in

this town procure the three men called for by the General Court without delay." To promote the enlistment of soldiers, the town was divided into districts, which are designated above as "classes."

Wolves must have become very troublesome at this time, for the town, at this meeting, offered a bounty of 20s. for each and every grown wolf killed within its limits, and 40s. to every person who would make pits or traps for their destruction.

On January 2, 1783, the following petition to have the town excused from paying a fine, for not furnishing the three men called for in 1782, was presented to the legislature by a committee of the town:-



Humbly Sheweth

"That whereas the Inhabitants of this Town have exerted themselves to the utmost of their power, in answering all requisitions that has been required of them During the present warr, but could not procure the last three men which was required for want of money; and whereas we understand that we have been overated in our taxations for some years past, both for men, money, & Beef, we Humbly pray yr Honrs to Excuse us from the fine that is laid on us for said three men - Your Honrs cannot be Ignorant of our Circumstances in these parts - How our Coast is (almost continually) Invested with the Enemy Depriving us of our Vessels & Substance, So as we cannot gett to markett such commodities as we could spare. We are well assured that the farr Greater part of the Inhabitants here would be willing to suffer, and has suffered, in order to help on the present occation but for want of a Markett Cash is exceeding scarce among us -and many has & are moving back into the wilderness, because they cannot pay their taxes, therefore we Humbly pray that we may be eased of the above mentioned fine but as for the average, part we mean to endeavour to pay as soon as possible but If executions should be issued out against us suddently, it would (we fear) Discourage the poor Inhabitants very much, therefore Relying on your Honrs great wisdom, to consider our Circumstances, not Doubting but that you will Endeavour to promote our Wellfare & Happiness in these parts as well as in the other parts

of this commonwealth, And your Humble Petitioners as in Duty bound shall ever pray.1 "THOS. SKOLFIELD }
JAMES CURTIS } Committee

"BRUNSWICK, Jany 2d 1783."

In answer to this petition the legislature passed a resolve, which was approved by the governor, excusing the town from payment of any fine, provided they would pay into the treasury of the Commonwealth the sum of £185 4s 11/2d., which was the average price paid for the enlistment of three men.2

The town this year voted to pay Brigadier Thompson £30 16s. 3d. for his services as delegate to the Provincial Congress in the years 1774 and 1775. Reverend Mr. Miller, Nathaniel Larrabee, Thomas Skolfield, Deacon Dunning, and Captain Gross were chosen a committee to answer a letter which had been received from the Committee of Correspondence of Boston. Their answer was as follows:-

"At a legal Town meeting held in Brunswick, on Thursday, the 26th of June, 1783, in answer to your letter respecting the return of the Refugees and Conspirators who endeavored to deprive us of our rights and privileges by joining with the King of Great Britain, it is the unanimous opinion of this town that they ought never to be suffered to return but to be excluded from having lot or portion in any of the United States of America."

November 20th, of this year, the Pejepscot proprietors gave to the town a deed of the town Commons. (See chapter on Public Lands, Roads, etc. )

[1784.] At the annual meeting in March, 1784, the town voted to take no action upon the article in the warrant concerning paying Brigadier Thompson's demands for expenses incurred in hiring men to serve in the army in the year 1781. He had probably acted in the matter on his own responsibility, and the town did not consider itself legally bound to repay him. The selectmen were, at this time, instructed to take proper care of the town Commons, and to dispose of the lumber on them as they might think to be for the best advantage of the town.

[1785.] In 1785 William Owen was elected representative to the General Court, and it was voted that in case that body refused to receive him in that capacity, he was to act as the town's agent to

1. Pejepscot Papers.
2. Massachusetts Records, Vol. 44. p. 413

answer the Topsham petition. This petition was the renewal of a former one, to have the islands in the Androscoggin River annexed to Topsham.

[1786.] At a special meeting in January, 1786, a committee was chosen to petition the General Court for some abatement of the town's assessment in the next State tax. The town voted to hold every alternate town meeting at the east meeting-house. A resolution was adopted that it was the unanimous desire, of the town. that a canal be cut through from New Meadows River to Merrymeeting Bay. It was also voted to be the unanimous wish of the town that the counties of York, Cumberland, and Lincoln be made a separate State, and Aaron Hinkley was elected a delegate to a convention to be held at Portland (Falmouth) for the consideration of this subject.

[1787.] The town this year again voted in favor of making York, Cumberland, and Lincoln Counties a separate State.

At a meeting held on the eighteenth of December, the town voted - twenty-three to seven-"to accept of the proposed form of Government for the United States as it now stands," and Captain John Dunlap was elected a delegate to an assembly which was to meet at the State House in Boston, on the second Wednesday in January, 1788, for its adoption or rejection on the part of Massachusetts. This was the vote of Brunswick on the question of the acceptance, by the States, of the Constitution of the United States.

[1788.] At the annual town meeting in 1788, Captain John Peterson, Deacon Dunning, and Nathaniel Larrabee were chosen a committee to petition the General Court for a modification of the "Fish Act."

The town very injudiciously voted to lease one hundred acres of the Commons to William Marriner, and the selectmen were authorized to lease as much more to other parties as might be desired. A vote was passed this year, that all future town meetings should be held at the west meeting-house.

On the eighteenth of December, the town, for the first time, voted for Presidential electors, and Honorable Dummer Sewall and Samuel Freeman received a majority of the votes cast.

[1789.] The town this year decided to hold one annual meeting out of three at the east end of the town, and to hold all its other meetings alternately at the east and west ends.

[1790.] This year Benjamin Chase, his family and estate, were set off from the town of Freeport and annexed to the town of Brunswick.1

1. Massachusetts Special Laws, 1, p. 277

[1791 ] The vote for representative to Congress in November, 1790, seems to have been in some way illegal, as a special meeting was called January 25, 1791, for the purpose of another election, at which General Lithgow received a majority of eighteen votes.

At the annual meeting this year, a committee was chosen to locate a canal from Maquoit Bay to the Androscoggin River, but the town afterwards reconsidered the vote.

An address from the senators and representatives in the district of Maine was read, and the town then voted -- seventy-one to twenty-five -- in favor of a separate State.

[1792.] The town, in 1792, voted against the separation of the District of Maine from Massachusetts, by a vote of sixty-one to sixteen.

[1793.] In 1793 the town voted that the selectmen should be instructed to take an account of the paper-money in Captain Stanwood's hands, and direct him to dispose of it in the best manner he could, and deposit the proceeds in the town treasury.

The town also voted to dismiss the article in the warrant, concerning building a new meeting-house.

[1794.] In 1794, the question of making the District of Maine into a State was again voted on. The vote stood four in favor and thirty-five against so doing.

The town also voted "to allow Nathaniel Larrabee five pounds in full for his past service as town clerk, which is twenty-eight years."

The town this year voted, unanimously, "in favor of revising the Constitution." Whether it was the State or national Constitution is not specified. It was, perhaps, the latter, as the eleventh article of the Constitution of the United States was offered in Congress in 1794, and probably was not presented to the State, for ratification or rejection, much earlier than this.

[1795.] The town again, in 1795, voted - sixty-three to twenty-three - against the formation of a new State.

[1796.] "At a very full and respectable meeting of the town of Brunswick, legally assembled the fourteenth day of May, 1796, for the sole purpose of taking into consideration the state of our public affairs with respect to the treaty between Great Britain and America, voted unanimously to support the Constitution of the United States."

[1797.] The town, in 1797, again voted against the formation of a new State.

[1798.] In 1798 it was voted by the town that the selectmen should give a deed of the two hundred acres of land which the town

had previously voted for the benefit of Bowdoin College, and they were instructed, if necessary, to petition the General Court for the requisite authority.

A committee was also chosen "to settle some accounts disputable between the Baptist and Congregational societies in this town."

At a meeting held in October to consider in regard to the formation of a new county from several of the towns in Cumberland and Lincoln Counties, the town voted to send Nathaniel Larrabee as a delegate to a convention to be held in Hallowell, with instructions to vote against the project of a new county, unless Brunswick could be made the shire town.

[1799.] In 1799 the town, although there was no war, raised one fifth as large an amount of money for gunpowder as it did for schools ; thirty pounds being appropriated for the former and one hundred and fifty pounds for the latter.

[1802.] Appropriations by the town in 1802 were $1,000 for schools, and three hundred and fifty dollars for contingent expenses. This year men were allowed for labor on the highway one dollar per day, and sixty-six cents per day for each pair of oxen.

[1806.] The town, in 1806, appointed a committee to consult with the towns of Durham and Freeport, to see if they would join with Brunswick in building a workhouse or a poorhouse, and upon what terms they would do so.

[1807.] The records do not state what the decision of these towns was, but it may be inferred from the vote of Brunswick, in 1807, to build a house for the town poor, which should be thirty-six feet long, twenty feet wide, and two stories high. The town voted to have it located in the vicinity of Samuel Beals's1 and appropriated two hundred and seventy-five dollars to finish the outside.

[1808.] In 1808 the town voted that at the annual meetings in March, April, and May, every legal voter should take his seat in the meeting-house, and there remain until the moderator of the meeting should by name call upon him to come forward and put in his vote. This rather dilatory method of voting was, undoubtedly, tried as a remedy for the disorderly conduct so often prevalent at municipal meetings.

A committee was chosen this year to apply to the Pejepscot proprietors for permission to sell and dispose of the town Commons, ministry and school lots, "and marsh," the interest of such sales to be appro--

1. It stood on the lot in the. rear of Mrs. Frances Owen's residence, on Federal Street.

priated for the use of schools, or in such other way as the town should think proper. As no answer to any request of this kind can be found in the town records, or in the Pejepscot Papers or Records, it is sufficiently evident that no such permission was ever granted.

The effect of the Embargo Law, passed in Congress, on the previous December, was severely felt throughout New England, and Brunswick formed no exception. The town therefore voted to present a respectful petition to the President of the United States praying him to suspend the law laying an embargo, either wholly or in part.

The selectmen were also requested to transmit to the selectmen of the town of Boston a copy of the proceedings of the town of Brunswick, and to assure them of their cordial co-operation with the inhabitants of that metropolis in any constitutional measures necessary to obtain a removal or alleviation of the grievances they suffered from a suspension of commerce.

[1809.] On January 23. 1809, the town adopted the following resolutions:-

"1st. Resolved, That the inhabitants of this town do consider the Act of Congress laying a permanent embargo as directly repugnant to the spirit of the Constitution of the United States and the several supplementary acts, but especially the act passed on the sixth of January inst., as alarming violations of the express provisions of that Constitution ; that they tend directly to the annihilation of the revenue, while they greatly increase the expenses of the United States; to produce and daily aggravate distress among the great body of the people, and if long continued to excite domestic convulsions.

"2d Resolved, That the last act of Congress designed to enforce the embargo, when its utter inutility either as a measure of precaution or as a measure of coercion, upon those belligerents whose decrees and orders effect our commerce, is acknowleged by all, forces upon us the apprehension that the embargo originated in the will of that Emperor who has declared that he will compel the United States to take part in the war either as friends or allies.

"3d. Resolved, That we believe it is the intention of the administration to unite with France in a war against Great Britain, a war which we deprecate as neither just, necessary or wise; since we are persuaded that all matters of dispute between the United States and that government might by sincere and honorable negotiation be amicably settled and a friendly commercial intercourse re-established on principles mutually advantageous.

"4th. Resolved, That the organization of a large military force in

a time of peace, for purposes concealed from the people, excites in our minds the most alarming apprehensions, while the unlimited powers vested in the President and in officers of his appointment for enforcing the Embargo Laws present to our astonished view the monstrous image of a military despotism, erected by the rulers of a free republic and the property, the liberty, and even the lives of citizens placed under the control of numerous petty tyrants in defiance of the express provisions of the Constitution of the United States and in contempt of the Constitution and laws of this Commonwealth.

"5th. Resolved, That deeply afflicted by the evils incident to the embargo, but infinitely more distressed by these violations of our dearest rights, we will by every constitutional and peaceable measure seek the redress of our wrongs, declaring at the same time our deter-mination to refrain from all violent opposition to the laws under which we suffer, and to discountenance such opposition in others.

"6th. Resolved, That we despair of obtaining relief from our distress and our fears by any further application to the President or the Congress; and that we will therefore present a respectful petition to the legislature of this Commonwealth praying that they would specially pursue such measures as they in their wisdom may judge most conducive to the redress of individual wrongs and best adapted to the portentous crisis of our public affairs.

"7th. Resolved, That we are ready to make any sacrifice of property and life for the preservation of the honor, the peace, and the liberty of our country.

"8th. Resolved, That whereas several merchants in this town have loaded their vessels by permission of the President of the United States, we do highly approve of their determination to refuse compliance with the law requiring them to unload their vessels or give heavy and unreasonable bonds."

The following Memorial was at the same time sent to the General Court of Massachusetts:-


Humbly Shews:

"That, possessing the right to express their sentiments on the measures of government, and the state of public affairs, they are impelled by a strong sense of duty to themselves and to their posterity to exercise that privilege of freemen in the present distressed and alarm-

ing situation of the United States; considering silence at such a crisis as has now arrived as approbation of those measures which have produced it and an indication of stupid insensibility to the aggravated evils resulting from their operation.

"Your memorialists presume not to point out to your enlightened and honorable body the grievous sufferings inflicted, or the essential rights violated by the Acts of Congress laying a permanent embargo, and especially by the Act for enforcing the several embargo laws ; but deeply impressed with an awful sense of the dangers in which their liberties are involved, they address you as their deputed guardians praying protection from that ruin in which those Acts, if not speedily revoked, must overwhelm them.

"Your memorialists see in those Acts no equivocal proofs of a subservient attachment to one of the belligerents and an inveterate enmity to the other, alike inconsistent with the dignity and injurious to the interests of an independent nation. That the embargo was the result of a necessity imposed by the decrees of France or by the orders in council of Great Britain we can never admit; since it was laid thirteen months after the decree of Berlin and a considerable time before the knowledge of orders in council reached the administration, and it has been acknowledged by Mr. Pinckney, Minister of the United States at London, that these orders made no part of the motives to that measure.

"Your memorialists are persuaded that had the administration been animated by that spirit and guided by that wisdom which pervaded the councils of the nation in 1794 and 1798 in respect to our foreign relations, the same happy result would have followed; but unhappily the reverse has been realized and our government have discovered a fixed determination to reject every proposal of accommodation with one of the belligerents and disposition to submit with astonishing [alacrity?] to gross and wanton violations of a solemn treaty and [to] unceasing insults from the other [belligerent.]

"Your memorialists disdain to be the apologists for the aggressions or insults of any nation, but justice compels them to declare what they fully believe that Great Britain has manifested a disposition to adjust in an amicable manner our differences with that nation, while France has not only disregarded the obligations of a treaty, but has declared her determination to compel the United States to take part in the war either as friends or allies.

"Your memorialists see with extreme [solicitude?] the organization of an extraordinary military force in a time of peace, the object of

which is concealed from the people; and we declare our utter detestation of the Act of the sixth instant, designed to enforce an embargo, which even its advocates on the floor of Congress acknowledged to have produced no effect as a measure of coercion against the belligerents, while the evils affecting the people of the United States have been incalculably severe and are still increasing; and we do consider the provisions of that Act as unconstitutional, tyrannical, and oppressive in the highest degree, and are bound by the strongest obligations to resist them in every legal and constitutional way.

"We pray your Honorable Body to adopt such measures as you shall deem wise and expedient in this singularly awful crisis of public affairs." It was also voted that the foregoing memorial should be signed by the moderator and town clerk, be presented to the legislature of the Commonwealth by the representative of the town, and that he be instructed to use his best endeavors to promote the object contained in said memorial. A proposition was made this year to purchase the old meeting-house for a town-house, but it was defeated.

A committee was chosen to ascertain the limits of the 1,000 acres of town Commons, in order that the overplus, if any, which was given to the First Parish, might be determined.

[1811.] In 1811, the town elected Isaac Gates, Esquire, and Peter 0. Alden, Esquire, as special agents to petition the legislature, in behalf of the town, for permission and authority to divide, set off, and convey to the President and Trustees of Bowdoin College the two hundred acres of land which was granted to them by a vote of the town passed May 2, 1791, and afterwards approved or confirmed by a vote of the Pejepscot proprietors.

[1812.] At a meeting held on the seventeenth of August, 1812, Jacob Abbot, Henry Putnam, Isaac Gates, Robert D. Dunning, and Jacob Anderson were chosen a committee to draft, and submit to the town, resolutions concerning "the present alarming state of national affairs." The committee reported the following, which were adopted, and the moderator and clerk instructed to sign and forward a copy of them to the President of the United States, and also one to the Portland Gazette for publication:-

"The people at all times, under an elective government, have the right of peaceably assembling to consult for the public good. When doomed to experience the most awful calamities that can afflict a nation, the right is not only unquestionable, but essential to the exist-

ence of liberty and expressly sanctioned by the Constitution. The freedom of speech and the liberty of the press and the undisturbed privileges of an individual, or united expression of sentiment, are the vital principles of a pure republic. The electors of rulers have a right to examine their conduct, and when measures are adopted bringing poverty and ruin in their train, and death and wretchedness in their consequences, under a pretext that the people demand them, it is the duty of every citizen to raise his voice to convince the deceived of their error and arrest the progress of destruction.

"Therefore, Resolved, That we view the union of the States as an inestimable blessing while the government is administered agreeably to the original compact, but we fear that a cruel and oppressive course of measures, and admission of new States into the Union whose inhabitants in habits and education are adverse to republican principles, will tend to disaffect the people and eventually dissolve the compact which has heretofore been a source of so much wealth and happiness to these States.

"Resolved, That we consider the declaration of war as premature, unjustifiable, and groundless. That it was produced by an undue attachment for the greatest tyrant and most sanguinary monster that ever disgraced the civilized world. That we consider it as directed by the finger of the same hand which has not ceased for years past to impose restrictive measures upon the commerce of the United States; in short, that we consider the declaration of war as merely the promulgation and approbation of an edict of the Court of St. Cloud.

"Resolved, That a treasury without money, an exposed commerce without naval protection, an army without soldiers, and a war without adequate and just cause, show the weakness or wickedne s of our rulers, and tend to a direct sacrifice of everything dear to free men.

"Resolved, That William Widgery, member of Congress from this district, in voting for war contrary to the known wishes of his constituents and to the destruction of great maritime interests of New England, has added shame and disgrace to the good people of this district, without injury to his own moral or political reputation.

"Resolved, That we fully approve of the minority in Congress upon the question of war, and we pride ourselves upon having one representative from Maine who preferred the interests of his constituents to the mandates of the executive.

"Resolved, That we view with abhorrence and detestation the late daring and sanguinary attack upon the liberty of the press at Balti-

more by a lawless and cannibal mob, and the assassination of the veterans of the Revolution and the voluntary defenders of liberty.

"Resolved, That we cordially approve of the sentiments expressed by our brethren in Boston, at their late town meeting, upon the same subject, and of the measures by them adopted, for the purpose of aiding the civil authority in the prevention and suppression of similar outrages.

"Resolved, That the liberty of speech and of the press is the bulwark of freedom, and the most glorious prerogative of free men, and that we will never relinquish this liberty but with our lives.

"Resolved, That we cordially approve of the moderate, firm, and dignified conduct of our excellent governor, whose measures have always tended to promote the interests of the State and individual happiness, and we rejoice in again having a chief magistrate who will not sell himself to a party, who holds the scale of equal justice and is above the reach of venalty.

"Resolved, That the districting of the Commonwealth for the choice of State senators and representatives to Congress under the administration of Elbridge Gerry, so that twenty-nine senators are chosen by a less number of votes than were necessary to choose the other eleven, is a most tyrannical and wicked exertion of power, a violation of the spirit of the Constitution, and a prostitution of the rights of the people, and must have originated in a desire to deprive them of their constitutional privileges.

"Resolved, That the senators so chosen, by refusing the various equitable modes for the choice of electors proposed by the House of Representatives, have evinced their approbation of this iniquitous system and have rendered themselves totally unworthy of the confidence of a free people.

"Resolved, That we will hold ourselves in readiness to obey the orders of our commander-in-chief in repelling any invasion of our shores or to aid the civil authority in executing the laws.

"Resolved, That we will exert ourselves by every constitutional and honorable measure to effect a change of our national rulers, that peace, commerce, and free trade may be enjoyed with all liberal and civilized nations, and all possible means be used to secure and preserve the union of the States.

"Resolved, That from the foregoing considerations, and from a belief that only when life or liberty are jeopardized the rulers of a nation are completely justified in declaring war, and as the great ostensible causes of the present one are removed by Britain herself, and as

amicable adjustment of the only remaining difficulty is now offered, it is the imperious duty of our government to suspend hostilities without delay, and restore the blessings of peace to a brave but abused and suffering people.

"PETER O. ALDEN, Moderator.
DAN'L GIVEN, Town Clerk."

The following address was also adopted:-

"To the Hon. Eleazer W. Ripley, Jonathan Page and Ebenezer Poor, senators of the district of Cumberland and Oxford"

After having seen the various modes offered by the committee of conference from the House of Representatives to the Senate through their committee for the choice of electors of President and Vice-President of the United States, we are alarmed at the pertinacious adherence of the Senate to a partial and unequal mode of choosing electors, whereby a majority of the people are liable to be overruled by the minority, contrary to the spirit and letter of the Constitution and the principles of republican liberty.

"That this Commonwealth may have a voice in the next election of President and Vice-President a manly and just concurrence of the Senate with the House of Representatives is wanting, and this town hereby calls upon you to co-operate with them by your best exertions and procure a concurrence of the Senate with the House in some one of their propositions.

"In this day of peril and difficulty for the public good your best services are required. To stifle the voice of the people and deprive them of their elective rights would be a stride at usurpation too alarming for us to behold in silence and too flagrant to be borne.

"We consider the proposition made by the House fair, honorable, and constitutional, and we are sorry to assert that the Resolves of the Senate do not appear to us to be of that character.

"If our liberties, so dearly purchased by the blood and treasure of our fathers, must be lost, we most sincerely hope and fervently pray that they may never be destroyed under the forms of judicial nor legislative proceedings."

The town voted that four attested copies of the above address be made out by the town clerk, and that one be forwarded to each of the above-named senators, and one to the president of the Senate, to be laid before that body.

[1814.] Nothing especially worthy of record occurred in 1813, but at a meeting held in February, 1814, the town appointed a committee to write an address, setting forth "the present most unjust and

iniquitous restrictions upon our trade." It was also voted to have this address published in the Portland Gazette. No copy of it appears on the records of the town, and the number of the Gazette supposed to contain it has not been found by the compilers of this work.

An article in the warrant, "to see if the town will accept of the Engine belonging to individuals of this town," was dismissed.

Some of the town officers elected at the annual meeting, not presenting themselves to take the oath of office, a warrant was issued to John Owen, constable, to notify them to appear at a specified time and take the oath, as required by law. Owen, on his return, certified that he had notified all "except Roger Toothaker [one of the fence-viewers] who ran off and would not hear me notify him, and Abraham Locke, whom I missed by mistaking his place of residence, and Silas Goddard."

At a meeting held in August, the selectmen were authorized to hire money, to meet the expense occasioned by the military movements."

It was voted to dismiss the article in the warrant "to see if the town will afford any assistance to the unfortunate sufferers by the freshet," which occurred that spring and did a great deal of damage.

[1815.] In 1815 the selectmen were directed to collect the resolves, maps, etc., belonging to the town, and to deposit them in their office.

[1816.] The town, at its annual meeting, in 1816, gave Russell Stoddard and others permission to place some hay-scales1 between the road that went by Mrs. Robson's and that going by John Pollard's.

At a meeting held May 20, a majority of twenty-two votes was cast by the town against a separation of the District of Maine from the State of Massachusetts. At this meeting a committee was also appointed to provide a code of by-laws for the town.

At a meeting held September 2, the town again voted against the formation of a new State by a majority of fifty-one votes. The town also at this meeting chose Robert Dunning, Doctor Jonathan Page, and Joseph McKeen, delegates to a convention to be held in Brunswick on the last Monday in September following, to count the votes cast in the District upon this question, and if a majority of the votes cast were favorable, to form the draft of a constitution for a new State.

[1818.] The town, at its annual meeting in 1818, authorized the selectmen to purchase a hearse at a cost not exceeding one hundred dollars.

1. The scales were located in what is now the mall, opposite Green Street.

At this meeting it was voted inexpedient to build a poorhouse. The one built in 1807 was sold by the town in 1812.

An article in the warrant of this meeting, in regard to a separation of the east and west parts of the town, was dismissed. Its insertion in the warrant was probably owing to some slight disaffection in one of these sections.

[1819.] At a meeting held May 3, the representative from the town was instructed to use all fair and honorable means towards effecting the separation of the District of Maine from the State. This act shows an evident change on the part of the citizens of Brunswick in regard to this question. The representative was also instructed to use all fair and honorable means to oppose the passage of a law allowing Wingate and others the exclusive right of navigating the Kennebec River with steamboats. Apart from all questions of propriety or of constitutional right, Brunswick and Topsham both had a special interest in opposing a law which would affect the navigation of their own river.

At a special meeting on July 26, the town voted, by a majority of one hundred and thirty-three votes, in favor of a new State, and at a subsequent meeting; held September 20, Robert D. Dunning, Doctor Jonathan Page, and Reverend Benjamin Titcomb were chosen delegates to the convention to be held in Portland on the second Monday in October, for the purpose of forming a Constitution for the new State.

At a meeting held December 6, the town voted its approval of the Constitution framed by that convention.


[1820.] On March 15, 1820, the State of Maine was, by act of Congress, admitted into the Union. At the annual town meeting this year, the selectmen were authorized to provide a place for the hearse, which they had been authorized to purchase two years before. Whether the hearse had been kept out of doors or in somebody's barn, or whether it was not purchased until this year, does not appear. At this meeting Doctor Jonathan Page bid off the care of the town's poor for six hundred dollars.

At the first election for governor of Maine, held this year, the vote of Brunswick stood : for Honorable William King, 195; for Stephen Longfellow, Esquire, 23 ; scattering, 9.

At a meeting in May, the selectmen were directed to petition the legislature to incorporate the town of Brunswick, together with a number of other towns in the counties of Cumberland and Lincoln, into a new county.

The selectmen were also, at a meeting held in November, directed to petition the legislature to make a deduction from the valuation of the town, as taken by the selectmen in August, in consequence of the loss of property occasioned by the great freshet of October previous.

[1821.] At the annual meeting in 1821 the town passed a resolve that the public good required the formation of a new county, to be composed of the towns of Brunswick, Bath, Phipsburg, Durham, Harpswell, Freeport, Pownal, Danville, Topsham, Bowdoinham, Bowdoin, Litchfield, Lisbon, Lewiston, and Wales; and the representative from Brunswick was instructed to endeavor to effect the object at that session of the legislature. This attempt was, however, unsuccessful.

The town this year, instead of building a poorhouse, instructed the overseers of the poor to hire suitable houses and land to accommodate the poor of the town and to appoint a person to take charge of them. This was for the purpose of making available, for the benefit of the town, the labor of the paupers.

[1822.] At a meeting of the town, held September 9, 1822, the representative to the legislature was directed to endeavor to obtain the passage of a law granting compensation from the State treasury to the soldiers of the militia.

[1823.] At a town meeting held January 20, 1823, it was voted to be inexpedient to make any offer to the legislature to induce that body to fix the seat of government in Brunswick. What effect a different vote might have had upon the prosperity of the town is a matter of some doubt, though had such an offer been accepted, there is no doubt but that it would greatly have benefited the community. The town, also, at this meeting, directed its representative to oppose in the legislature the erection of any new county which should include Brunswick within its limits.

The annual meeting in March was adjourned to the first Monday in April, "in consequence of the severity of the cold and the small number present."

[1824.] At a meeting held the fifth of April, 1824, the selectmen were authorized to receive all money or other property that may have been raised by subscription for the sufferers by the great fire in Brunswick, which occurred the previous year, and to divide the same among them according to their necessities. The selectmen were also authorized to pay twenty cents to each soldier of the militia, in lieu of rations, if the application for the same was made as the law prescribed.

At a meeting held September 6th, the town passed resolutions inviting General Lafayette to visit Brunswick while on his tour

through New England, and a committee of eleven gentlemen, in addition to the selectmen, were appointed as a committee of arrangements for his reception, if he accepted. He was also invited by the authorities of the college, but was obliged to decline both invitations.

[1825.] At a meeting held January 1, 1825, the town voted an appropriation of one hundred and fifty dollars towards defraying the expense of exchanging the bell then hanging in the steeple of the new meeting-house for a larger one. A committee was appointed to purchase a fire-engine, and eight hundred dollars was appropriated for the purpose. $1,500 was appropriated this year for schools.

The selectmen were authorized to settle with Joseph Storer for damages suffered by him in crossing the bridge on Federal Street1 with a horse and chaise.

A committee of fifteen was chosen to solicit aid for the relief of the sufferers at the late fire.

[1826.] The town, in 1826, voted to purchase the house, barn, out-buildings, and farm, near the lower landing, then owned by Roger Merrill,2 and which contained about forty acres of land, at a price not exceeding $1,500. The town also voted to raise six hundred dollars per year, for three years, to meet the above expense.

The selectmen were authorized, this year, to furnish blank car-tridges for the use of the militia of the town, when at reviews.

[1827.] At a meeting of the town, held January 4, 1827, the representative was instructed to use all fair and honorable means to prevent the passage of any legislative act which would deprive the town of Brunswick of any of its territory or in any way disturb the line established between the counties of Cumberland and Lincoln. This action was taken upon an article in the warrant to see if the town would consent that the islands below the falls should be set off, with their improvements, to Topsham, agreeably to a petition to the legislature of George F. Richardson and others.

The town voted, November 3, that the bills incurred in consequence of depredations on the Indians, the previous August, by Jere O'Brien and John McKeen, should be accepted to the amount of seven dollars and twenty cents. It seems that this year a party of Indians had encamped near "the landing," in Brunswick, and that a number of evil-disposed young men made a raid upon them, tore down their tents, and drove them off. O'Brien and McKeen entered a complaint

1. This was a small pole-bridge at the foot of the hill, across a brook leading from the swamp west of Maine Street.
2. The present poor-farm.

against the rioters, and the above vote was intended to compensate them for their legal expenses.

[1828.] In the year 1828, five gentlemen were chosen as agents of the town to oppose any division of the town that might be urged upon the legislature, which was then in session at Portland. One hundred dollars was appropriated for keeping in repair the two fire-engines, for ringing the bell, and for such other purposes as might tend to the security of the town against fire.

[1829.] The same amount was appropriated for the same purpose, in 1829, and the town voted to have the bell rung at nine o'clock on Sunday evenings.

The town voted to hold its future meetings in the village, provided a house could be obtained without expense to the town. Accordingly the next meeting, September 14, was held in the Baptist meeting-house on School Street.

At the September meeting of the town, a code of By-Laws was adopted. The provisions of these By-Laws were, in brief, as follows:-

Article 1. Provided against injury or loss of fire apparatus.

Article 2. Against the building of bonfires in the streets, and against the careless use of lights in houses, barns, and stables.

Article 3. Against coasting on or across the streets, and also against obtaining rides by taking hold of or getting upon vehicles, without the consent of persons riding therein.

Article 4. Against the wanton or unnecessary discharge of fire-arms near any dwelling-house, shop, or store.

Article 5. Against playing ball within ten rods of any dwelling, throwing snow-balls, playing with kites, or doing anything in public streets to annoy passengers.

Article 6. Against the assembling of noisy crowds in the night, and against rude or disorderly behavior, indecent or profane language, or the injuring of trees, fences, or buildings. The penalty for the violation of this article was five dollars.

Article 7. Against allowing geese to go at large. The penalty in this case was six cents per goose.

These By-Laws were approved by the Court of Appeals in the December following, and the town voted to have them printed, and one copy furnished to each family.

[1831.] In the year 1831, the town authorized the selectmen to appropriate a piece of land near the poorhouse for a paupers' cemetery. Also, that future town meetings should be held in the old west meeting-house.

[1832.] In 1832 the town appointed a committee to draw up some resolutions expressing the opinions of the inhabitants of Bruns-wick "in relation to the alarming modifications of the tariff now pro-posed to be made by the Congress of the United States." Another committee was also appointed to report suitable resolutions expressing the opinions of the citizens in regard to the sale of the disputed terri-tory on the northeast boundary.

The reports of both committees were read and accepted, and the selectmen were instructed to furnish copies of them for publication to the Portland Advertiser and Kennebec Journal. The selectmen were this year instructed to sell the "poor lot" on Federal Street, by auction or by private sale as they might deem best.

The dividing line between Brunswick and Freeport was this year defined. There seems to have been some doubt as to its location before this, for on October 15, 1828, the selectmen of the two towns met at the house of Samuel Chase, and proceeded to perambulate the line. Robert D. Dunning was the surveyor for Brunswick and Barstow Sylvester for Freeport. The line surveyed by them appears from the record to have been the same, or nearly the same, as that previously established.

For some reason, however, the line was not satisfactory to some of the citizens of the two towns. Depositions were taken in January, 1832, from various residents, testifying as to the location of the original line. Depositions were made by David Curtis, William Alexander, and Daniel Given.

On the seventh of February, 1832, the legislature appointed Joseph Sewall of Bath, William Bradbury of New Gloucester, and William Cummings of Cape Elizabeth, a committee to establish the dividing line between Brunswick and Freeport.

On the eleventh of June following, the committee met and viewed the premises on that day and succeeding days, closing their labors on the twenty-third of June.

Their report, which we give below, furnishes the result of their labors:-

"Pursuant to the foregoing Resolve for establishing the line between Brunswick and Freeport, we the subscribers, the Committee therein appointed, having been duly sworn, and having given due notice to the parties, and having met them by their committees and counsel at. the house of Alexander Moorhead, in Brunswick, the eleventh day of June in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirty-two, and by adjournment from day to day until this twenty third day

of said June, and having heard all their pleas, proofs and arguments, and having viewed the premises, and maturely considered the same, have determined and established the dividing line between the towns of Brunswick and Freeport, in the County of Cumberland, agreeably to the Acts of Incorporation of said Towns, to be as follows to wit Beginning on the Western shore of Maquoit Bay at the mouth of Bungamunganock so called at a ledge which we have marked B, thence North twenty eight and one eighth degrees West, passing by a hemlock tree in Vincent Mountfort's pasture, and through said Vincent Mountfort's house, and by a beach stump one rod , and two links westerly of an ash tree in William Alexander's pasture by a stone in the wall on the western side of the county road on David Curtis' land marked + and over a ledge in said Curtis' pasture marked FB and by a spruce tree, a yellow birch tree, a ledge in Grouse's field marked +, a ledge in Skolfield's pasture marked +, a maple tree, a yellow birch tree, a stone set in the ground on the easterly side of the county road, twelve rods & sixteen links from the corner of Thomas Pennell's house, marked FB, a beach tree, a ledge in Samuel Sylvester's pasture marked FB, a stone in the wall on the westerly side of the Story road so called, a ledge in John Field's field marked FB, a beach tree, a hemlock tree, a spruce tree, a pine tree five miles & seventy rods to a stone marked FB at the middle of the Quaker road so called, and one rod and a half from William Jordan's wall, thence North East one hundred & ninety six rods to a stone marked DB at the corner of Durham and including within the town of Brunswick all Mair Point so called, and to include within said town of Brunswick all the estate of the late Benjamin Chase which was annexed to said Brunswick by virtue of an act of the Legislature of Massachusetts passed in 1790, entitled an Act setting off Benjamin Chase, his family and estate from the town of Freeport and annexing them to the town of Brunswick.


The same committee also established the Durham line.

According to McKeen the survey of the west part of the town was made by John Merrill while B. Ring lived in Brunswick, though the plan of the "Great Lots " was never laid down by any actual survey. According to the same authority, if Merrill's plan had been regarded

1. Pejepscot Records.

and the boundaries preserved, the line would have gone farther south upon Freeport than was established by the committee in 1832, and would have taken sixteen rods on to what Durham now holds.1

[1833.] The town appropriated for schools in 1833, $2,000; for support of poor, $700; for highways, $2,500.

The town clerk was this year directed to procure all plans and papers, of every description, of the Pejepscot Company, which might be of use to the town hereafter, and which related in any way to the settlement of the town, at as moderate an expense as possible. The papers of the Pejepscot Company were, at this time, in the hands of Josiah Little, Jr., of Newburyport (or of Amesbury), Mass. By a sworn statement by John McKeen, the then town clerk, it appears that Mr. Little placed the Pejepscot Papers in his hands upon condition that they should be finally placed in the library of the Maine Historical Society, where they now are. This was certainly the best disposition that could have been made of them, particularly as many of the papers relate not only to Brunswick but to the whole region embraced in the Pejepscot purchase, and it would be difficult, if not impossible, to separate from them those relating exclusively to Brunswick.

The selectmen were this year authorized to grant licenses to retail ardent spirits, on condition that no spirits should be drank in or about the premises of the retailer.

John Coburn was appointed an agent to appear before a committee of the legislature, and to use his best endeavors to carry into effect the vote of the town in favor of the formation of a new county from parts of Cumberland and Lincoln Counties.

[1834.] At a meeting of the town, held July 4, 1834, a lengthy report of the Committee on Town Commons was read and accepted.2 A committee was also chosen to consider the practicability and advisability of having the town farm upon the Commons, and to estimate the expense of removing the buildings thereto.

At a meeting held August 30, the Report of the Committee on Town Commons, Poorhouse, etc., was read, but its consideration was postponed to a further meeting. The selectmen were instructed to have the report printed and also to have the Commons surveyed.

The selectmen were also directed to petition the legislature for permission to use the Commons for agricultural purposes or to dispose of them at some future day, should the town ever so direct. They were,

1. McKeen, MSS. Lecture.
2. See Chapter XIX.

moreover, directed to procure the same permission from the Pejepscot proprietors; and also to demand a rent from all parties occupying the Commons, and to remove all persons refusing or neglecting to pay the rent.

[1835.] At a town meeting, held April 27, 1835, it was voted to build a town-house without unnecessary delay.

The village school district this year applied for an Act of Incorporation, for certain municipal purposes, and an Act to this effect was passed by the legislature and received the approval of the governor, January 28, 1836.

At the annual meeting this year the town appropriated seven hundred dollars to pay for the town-house, and the Building Committee were authorized to borrow the needed balance of three hundred dollars. The town-house was completed this year.

[1837.] The town met at the town-house for the first time on January 16, 1837. The town, at this meeting, voted to receive its proportion of the money deposited with the State by the United States, in pursuance of "an Act to regulate the deposits of the public money," on the condition specified in the Act of this State entitled "An Act providing for the disposition and repayment of the public money apportioned to the State of Maine, on deposit, by the government of the United States." James F. Matthews was appointed the agent of the town to receive this money. The revenue of the United States had for some years been in excess of the demands of government, and this Act of Congress was to distribute the surplus to the States.

At a meeting of the town in April, the selectmen were authorized to loan the town's share of the surplus revenue to citizens of the town, on good personal security, in sums not exceeding two hundred dollars to any one individual.

At a meeting held in July, the selectmen were directed to collect what had been loaned, as it became due, and to deposit the amount, together with the remaining portion of the surplus revenue, with the citizens in the following manner:-

The sum total was to be divided into as many shares as there were inhabitants of the town at the last enumeration, and each male head of a family, and each female head of a family where there was no male head, should be entitled to receive, on deposit, one share for each member of his or her family actually resident at home in the family on the first day of the preceding March, including the heads of the family, the daughters, the sons, under the age of twenty-one years, and the

regular apprentices. Each male above twenty-one years of age, without a family, was entitled to receive one share.

The receipts, which were to be taken in all cases, were to contain a promise of repayment, without interest, of the sum given, whenever the town should be required to repay it to the treasury of the State.

At a meeting held in September, the preceding vote was so amended as to entitle all who were residents of the town on the first of March previous to a share of the surplus money, and that persons since, but not then, residents should not be entitled to it.

[1838.] At the annual meeting in April, 1838, the town voted to relieve those who had received shares of the surplus revenue money from all obligation to return it, since the legislature had passed an Act releasing towns from a similar obligation.

The town voted to refer to the Building Committee the deeds of the gifts from Reverend William Allen and David Dunlap, Esquire. The above vote refers to the deeds of the land upon which the town-house was built.

[1841.] The overseers of the poor were authorized in 1841 to sell the poorhouse and farm whenever they could do so for a not less sum than $1,500.

In regard to several proposed amendments to the Constitution of the State, the town voted as follows:-

In favor of increasing the number of representatives, but against establishing the number at one hundred and fifty-one; in favor of electing the governor for two years instead of one, and in favor of having the legislative meeting but once in two years.

[1842.] In 1842 a petition from Isaac Lincoln and others, to have the town house sold or else to have it moved to the village, was dismissed.

[1844.] The town in 1844 voted in favor of an amendment to the Constitution of the State, changing the meeting of the legislature to May.

[1845.] A new hearse was purchased in 1845, by order of the town, and the old one was repaired and fitted with runners for use in the winter season.

[1847.] At the annual meeting in 1847 the selectmen were instructed to have the bell on the Universalist Church rung daily, for the ensuing year, at the expense of the town.

The town also at this meeting appropriated two hundred dollars towards the purchase of a clock to be located in the tower of the Universalist Church.

The town this year voted in favor of so amending the Constitution of the State as to prohibit the loaning of the credit of the State to any amount exceeding $300,000 in the aggregate ; and also, against an amendment providing that the governor, senators, and representa-tives should be elected by a plurality instead of majority vote.

[1849.] In 1849 the town voted to dispose of Engine No. 1 and to purchase a new one, and for that purpose the sum of three hundred dollars was appropriated. The town this year refused, by a vote of one hundred and fourteen to sixteen, to adopt an Act of the legislature, which was passed July 16, 1846, and was entitled "An Act for the License and Regulation of Stationary Steam-Engines."

[1850.] The town voted in 1850 in favor of a constitutional amendment, which provided for a meeting of the legislature in January instead of May.

At a subsequent meeting this year the town voted to accept an Act of the legislature authorizing certain cities and towns to grant aid in the construction and completion of the Kennebeck and Portland Railroad, and also voted to loan its credit to that company for the sum of $75,000, according to the conditions and for the security provided in the Act. The vote was five hundred and eighty-eight in favor, and two hundred and fifty-two against the measure.

The inhabitants changed their minds in regard to stationary steam-engines, and the town accordingly voted this year to accept the Act in reference to the same, which was approved July 16, 1846.

[1851.] A protest, signed by one hundred and thirty-five of the inhabitants of Brunswick, was presented to the town in 1851. This protest was against the vote to loan money to the Kennebec and Portland Railroad, and was made on the ground that the Act of the legislature authorizing it was illegal, unconstitutional, and not binding upon the town.

[1856.] In 1856 the town authorized the selectmen to grant the use of the town-house to the Brunswick Light Infantry for an armory.

[1857.] The Act of the legislature, approved March 13, 1855, granting authority to cities and towns to adopt ordinances or by laws for sidewalks, was accepted in 1857, and a committee, consisting of the selectmen and Richard Greenleaf, Esquire, was appointed to lay out and determine the width of the different sidewalks in Brunswick, and to prepare some by-laws in reference to the same, which they were to report at a future meeting.

Another committee was also appointed this year, consisting of Messrs. Abner B. Thompson, John C. Humphreys, William G.

Barrows, Samuel R. Jackson, Richard Greenleaf, and John McKeen, to investigate all matters relating to the town Commons; to ascertain what title the town had to them, and the boundaries thereof; to ascertain what encroachments had been made upon them, and all other facts relating to the subject, and to make a report at some future meeting.

Some time between March 16 and the first Monday in June, the town-house was destroyed by fire. The June meeting met -by adjournment -at the ruins of the town-house, and adjourned to McLellan's Hall.

The committee on sidewalks reported at this meeting the names of the streets upon which they had constructed sidewalks, the widths of the walks, and a code of by-laws in regard to the same.

The selectmen were authorized to dispose of the materials of the town-house which remained after the fire, and of the lot upon which it stood.

[1858.] At a meeting of the town, held January 18, 1858, to see what measures the town would adopt for the purpose of obtaining a charter for a city government, it was voted to appoint a committee of nine, - three from the village, three from the east, and three from the west part of the town, - to consider the matter and to report in one week. This committee reported, January 25, that the east and west portions of the town were opposed to a city form of government, but that the village was strongly in favor of it. A motion to petition the legislature for a charter as a city was lost by a vote of twenty-six majority. It was, however, voted that the village school-district should have leave to petition the legislature for a city charter for said district, under the name of the city of Brunswick, and the selectmen and town clerk were directed to petition the legislature to that effect. This they did, and upon February 10, a committee of the legislature reported a bill to incorporate the village district as the city of Brunswick. This bill was laid on the table and ordered to be printed. It was afterwards passed, and was approved by the governor. March 29. The bill provided for its acceptance by the whole town within thirty days, or to be null and void. At a meeting of the town, April 27, the charter was read, and rejected by a majority vote of one hundred and one.

At the annual meeting in March, the sum of seven hundred dollars was appropriated for a night watch. The committee on town Commons reported at this time. The report was accepted, and it was voted that the town agent be empowered and directed to communicate with the several parties whose lots abutted on the Commons, and in case any of

them should decline to give the matter to referees, he was instructed to institute legal proceedings against them, that the rights of the town might be maintained and protected. The selectmen were also instructed to cause permanent stone monuments to be erected, in order to mark clearly the boundary lines of the Commons, whenever these lines should be authoritatively ascertained.

At a meeting held June 7, the town voted almost unanimously for the Prohibitory Liquor Law of 1858, there being but one vote for the License Law of 1856. This vote shows either an unparalleled sentient in the town in favor of prohibition, or else that those in heart opposed to a temperance reform believed that its advocates had overshot the mark and that there would be a speedy reaction.

The town this year voted against granting State aid to a proposed Aroostook Railroad, and in favor of exempting future manufacturing establishments from taxation for a period of ten years.

[1860.] A committee was appointed in 1860 to consider the propriety of building a new town hall. They recommended the erection of a building on the corner of Maine and Pleasant Streets, at an estimated cost of $5,000. The town, however, refused to build.

[1862.] In 1862 the town lines between Brunswick and Freeport, Brunswick and Durham, Brunswick and Harpswell, and Brunswick and Bath, were perambulated by the selectmen of Brunswick and the authorities of the other places named, and monuments were erected to mark the line.

[1866.] An article in the warrant for a special meeting in November, 1866, in relation to petitioning the legislature to set Brunswick off from Cumberland County, was dismissed.

A new hearse was this year procured.

[1869, 1870.] In 1869, and again in 1870, propositions were made looking to the erection of a town hall, but they were defeated, and none has yet [1877] been erected.

[1872.] In 1872 a proposition was made for the erection of a monument in memory of the fallen heroes of the Rebellion. A committee was appointed to consider the subject, and at a subsequent meeting reported in favor of such a monument, but the town decided adversely to its erection.

All important acts of the town not embraced in this chapter will be found in other connections.

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